Analyses of Chachapoya genomes

Below are the results of analyses of seven Chachapoya genomes.

The following is the description of the samples given here:

Samples NA39-50 were obtained from pre-Columbian Chachapoyan and Chachapoya-Inca remains dating between 1000 and 1500 AD. They were recovered from the site Laguna de los Condores in northeastern Peru. Bone samples were used for DNA analysis.

NA47 wasn’t a pure Amerindian, but had Caucasoid admixture beyond what is found in all Amerindians.

We now have genetic evidence that Caucasoids were in South America before Columbus.

In an upcoming post I’ll have information about the Chachapoyas and further commentary on these results. A link to that post will appear in the comments for this one. Until I can get that post up I recommend reading my White Gods post from last year, if you haven’t already seen it.

NA39

globe4

  • 95.23% Amerindian
  • 4.77% Asian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% European

globe10

  • 95.60% Amerindian
  • 3.76% East_Asian
  • 0.64% Australasian
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

globe13

  • 96.05% Amerindian
  • 3.82% East_Asian
  • 0.13% Australasian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% North_European
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_African
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K7b

  • 49.56% East_Asian
  • 41.57% Siberian
  • 7.24% South_Asian
  • 1.63% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K10a

  • 37.11% Siberian
  • 28.50% Southeast_Asian
  • 25.66% East_Asian
  • 4.73% South_Asian
  • 4.00% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K12b

  • 38.73% East_Asian
  • 31.44% Siberian
  • 20.86% Southeast_Asian
  • 5.31% North_European
  • 3.66% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Med
  • 0.00% Caucasus
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 57.35% Southeast_Asian
  • 30.30% Northeast_Asian
  • 12.35% West_European
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_European
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

MDLP World-22

  • 92.92% Mesoamerican
  • 6.30% North-Siberean
  • 0.78% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-East-European
  • 0.00% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.00% West-Asian

Old World 26

  • 19.20% Finnish
  • 15.75% Yakut
  • 13.39% Naxi
  • 11.16% Gujarati
  • 9.38% Dai
  • 7.49% Yoruba
  • 5.82% Kenya-Bantu
  • 5.71% Palestinian
  • 3.71% Archaic
  • 3.20% Mbuti-Pygmy
  • 2.77% Kalash
  • 1.51% Biaka-Pygmy
  • 0.88% Japanese
  • 0.01% Papuan
  • 0.00% Basque
  • 0.00% Bedouin
  • 0.00% Brahui
  • 0.00% Burusho
  • 0.00% Druze
  • 0.00% Lahu
  • 0.00% Mandenka
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mozabite
  • 0.00% San
  • 0.00% Sardinian
  • 0.00% She

NA40

globe4

  • 98.32% Amerindian
  • 1.68% African
  • 0.00% Asian
  • 0.00% European

globe10

  • 95.96% Amerindian
  • 2.40% Siberian
  • 1.64% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

globe13

  • 87.68% Amerindian
  • 11.00% Arctic
  • 1.32% West_African
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% North_European
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K7b

  • 48.12% Siberian
  • 27.05% East_Asian
  • 13.87% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 7.51% South_Asian
  • 3.44% West_Asian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% Southern

K10a

  • 62.22% Siberian
  • 13.57% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 11.51% East_Asian
  • 10.49% Southeast_Asian
  • 1.43% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.77% West_Asian
  • 0.01% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

K12b

  • 41.81% Siberian
  • 25.55% East_Asian
  • 11.97% North_European
  • 10.04% Southeast_Asian
  • 5.94% Gedrosia
  • 4.29% South_Asian
  • 0.39% East_African
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Med
  • 0.00% Caucasus
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 56.96% Northeast_Asian
  • 16.37% Southeast_Asian
  • 13.41% West_European
  • 7.72% South_Asian
  • 5.39% Palaeo_African
  • 0.13% Neo_African
  • 0.01% East_African
  • 0.00% East_European
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

MDLP World-22

  • 51.40% Mesoamerican
  • 38.02% North-Amerind
  • 5.42% Paleo-Siberian
  • 5.16% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-East-European
  • 0.00% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.00% West-Asian

Old World 26

  • 21.72% Naxi
  • 14.64% Yakut
  • 13.97% Finnish
  • 11.29% Gujarati
  • 10.49% Dai
  • 7.20% Palestinian
  • 5.65% Japanese
  • 3.88% Yoruba
  • 3.70% Archaic
  • 3.26% Kenya-Bantu
  • 2.41% Kalash
  • 1.02% Melanesian
  • 0.76% Biaka-Pygmy
  • 0.01% She
  • 0.00% Basque
  • 0.00% Bedouin
  • 0.00% Brahui
  • 0.00% Burusho
  • 0.00% Druze
  • 0.00% Lahu
  • 0.00% Mandenka
  • 0.00% Mbuti-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Mozabite
  • 0.00% Papuan
  • 0.00% San
  • 0.00% Sardinian

NA41

globe4

  • 100.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% Asian
  • 0.00% European

globe10

  • 99.70% Amerindian
  • 0.30% Australasian
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

globe13

  • 100.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% North_European
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_African
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K7b

  • 61.16% Siberian
  • 31.55% East_Asian
  • 7.28% West_Asian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern

K10a

  • 73.64% Siberian
  • 25.73% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.58% Red_Sea
  • 0.05% West_Asian
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

K12b

  • 56.72% Siberian
  • 33.64% Southeast_Asian
  • 9.64% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Med
  • 0.00% Caucasus
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% North_European
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 62.29% Northeast_Asian
  • 28.20% Southeast_Asian
  • 5.59% East_European
  • 3.92% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian
  • 0.00% West_European

MDLP World-22

  • Insufficient SNPs

Old World 26

  • 16.92% Finnish
  • 12.10% Gujarati
  • 12.10% Yakut
  • 9.74% Naxi
  • 8.26% Kenya-Bantu
  • 8.22% Palestinian
  • 7.13% Yoruba
  • 6.97% Dai
  • 5.49% Mbuti-Pygmy
  • 5.35% Archaic
  • 2.81% Kalash
  • 1.78% Biaka-Pygmy
  • 1.59% She
  • 0.85% Bedouin
  • 0.50% Melanesian
  • 0.19% Japanese
  • 0.00% Basque
  • 0.00% Brahui
  • 0.00% Burusho
  • 0.00% Druze
  • 0.00% Lahu
  • 0.00% Mandenka
  • 0.00% Mozabite
  • 0.00% Papuan
  • 0.00% San
  • 0.00% Sardinian

NA42

globe4

  • 99.85% Amerindian
  • 0.15% African
  • 0.00% Asian
  • 0.00% European

globe10

  • 100.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

globe13

  • 100.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% North_European
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_African
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K7b

  • 65.08% Siberian
  • 22.29% East_Asian
  • 11.99% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.64% African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K10a

  • 59.34% Siberian
  • 31.46% East_Asian
  • 7.70% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 1.51% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K12b

  • 47.32% Siberian
  • 39.13% East_Asian
  • 13.54% North_European
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Med
  • 0.00% Caucasus
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 69.83% Northeast_Asian
  • 16.91% Southeast_Asian
  • 4.57% Neo_African
  • 3.68% East_European
  • 3.67% West_European
  • 1.35% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

MDLP World-22

  • 41.68% Mesoamerican
  • 30.50% North-Amerind
  • 27.82% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-East-European
  • 0.00% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.00% West-Asian

Old World 26

  • 19.51% Yakut
  • 16.64% Naxi
  • 13.94% Finnish
  • 11.49% Dai
  • 8.28% Gujarati
  • 4.44% Palestinian
  • 4.29% She
  • 3.72% Papuan
  • 3.26% Japanese
  • 3.17% Kenya-Bantu
  • 3.10% Yoruba
  • 2.79% Sardinian
  • 2.00% Archaic
  • 1.39% Kalash
  • 0.84% San
  • 0.72% Biaka-Pygmy
  • 0.42% Burusho
  • 0.00% Basque
  • 0.00% Bedouin
  • 0.00% Brahui
  • 0.00% Druze
  • 0.00% Lahu
  • 0.00% Mandenka
  • 0.00% Mbuti-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mozabite

NA43

globe4

  • Insufficient SNPs

globe10

  • Insufficient SNPs

globe13

  • Insufficient SNPs

K7b

  • Insufficient SNPs

K10a

  • Insufficient SNPs

K12b

  • Insufficient SNPs

dv3

  • Insufficient SNPs

MDLP World-22

  • Insufficient SNPs

Old World 26

  • 18.32% Finnish
  • 11.91% Yakut
  • 11.63% Gujarati
  • 8.81% Dai
  • 8.67% Kenya-Bantu
  • 7.91% Yoruba
  • 7.68% Naxi
  • 7.27% Palestinian
  • 6.63% Archaic
  • 6.43% Mbuti-Pygmy
  • 2.60% Kalash
  • 1.74% Biaka-Pygmy
  • 0.40% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Basque
  • 0.00% Bedouin
  • 0.00% Brahui
  • 0.00% Burusho
  • 0.00% Druze
  • 0.00% Japanese
  • 0.00% Lahu
  • 0.00% Mandenka
  • 0.00% Mozabite
  • 0.00% Papuan
  • 0.00% San
  • 0.00% Sardinian
  • 0.00% She

NA47

globe4

  • 56.08% Amerindian
  • 27.06% European
  • 16.86% African
  • 0.00% Asian

globe10

  • 55.53% Amerindian
  • 21.77% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 19.12% Palaeo_African
  • 3.58% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

globe13

  • 55.23% Amerindian
  • 22.68% North_European
  • 18.46% Palaeo_African
  • 3.63% Australasian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_African
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K7b

  • 31.71% South_Asian
  • 29.21% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 20.68% East_Asian
  • 18.40% African
  • 0.01% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K10a

  • 29.69% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 21.42% South_Asian
  • 19.77% Southeast_Asian
  • 11.79% Sub_Saharan
  • 10.32% Siberian
  • 7.01% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K12b

  • 37.70% Northwest_African
  • 24.12% Southeast_Asian
  • 21.08% South_Asian
  • 9.49% North_European
  • 7.61% East_African
  • 0.00% Atlantic_Med
  • 0.00% Caucasus
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 39.73% Northeast_Asian
  • 23.05% East_European
  • 20.24% Palaeo_African
  • 14.01% Northwest_African
  • 2.97% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian
  • 0.00% West_European

MDLP World-22

  • Insufficient SNPs

Old World 26

  • 18.73% Finnish
  • 12.18% Yoruba
  • 11.22% Gujarati
  • 11.03% Yakut
  • 10.15% Kenya-Bantu
  • 7.84% Dai
  • 6.93% Palestinian
  • 6.81% Naxi
  • 5.80% Mbuti-Pygmy
  • 4.62% Archaic
  • 2.58% Kalash
  • 1.95% Biaka-Pygmy
  • 0.14% Papuan
  • 0.03% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Basque
  • 0.00% Bedouin
  • 0.00% Brahui
  • 0.00% Burusho
  • 0.00% Druze
  • 0.00% Japanese
  • 0.00% Lahu
  • 0.00% Mandenka
  • 0.00% Mozabite
  • 0.00% San
  • 0.00% Sardinian
  • 0.00% She

NA50

globe4

  • Insufficient SNPs

globe10

  • Insufficient SNPs

globe13

  • Insufficient SNPs

K7b

  • Insufficient SNPs

K10a

  • Insufficient SNPs

K12b

  • Insufficient SNPs

dv3

  • Insufficient SNPs

MDLP World-22

  • Insufficient SNPs

Old World 26

  • 16.53% Finnish
  • 9.57% Mbuti-Pygmy
  • 9.52% Kenya-Bantu
  • 9.28% Yoruba
  • 8.99% Archaic
  • 8.74% Yakut
  • 7.74% Palestinian
  • 7.41% Dai
  • 6.78% Naxi
  • 6.42% Gujarati
  • 4.81% Sardinian
  • 2.10% Biaka-Pygmy
  • 1.66% Kalash
  • 0.42% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Basque
  • 0.00% Bedouin
  • 0.00% Brahui
  • 0.00% Burusho
  • 0.00% Druze
  • 0.00% Japanese
  • 0.00% Lahu
  • 0.00% Mandenka
  • 0.00% Mozabite
  • 0.00% Papuan
  • 0.00% San
  • 0.00% She
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Posted in Uncategorized
5 comments on “Analyses of Chachapoya genomes
  1. […] I said that I thought they came to the Americas from Northwest Africa and the Canary Islands. My analyses of Chachapoya genomes showed that the largest K12b component for the sample NA47 was the Northwest African component. […]

  2. […] of SNPs for those samples, and that I was therefore wrong in concluding from the results of my previous analyses that NA47 had non-Amerindian […]

  3. […] to photographs of Chachapoya remains showing that they had European rather than Amerindian hair. This post gives more information about the samples below, along with analyses of their autosomal […]

  4. Cindy Ann says:

    Do they have a Gedmatch.com number?

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