Analyses of a third ancient English genome

Below are the results of analyses of ERS389797, the third of the five Iron Age and Anglo-Saxon samples from Hinxton, England.

The data indicate that ERS389797 was female. The mt-SNP calls show that she belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup K1a4a1a2.

ERS389797 had 15.23% of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is more than twice as much as ERS389796 had. It is also significantly more than the 10.6% of the Gedrosia component found in England today. We can be certain that ERS389797 belonged to a group of R1b people.

ERS389797 also had about twice as much of the MDLP Iberian components as ERS389796. The association between R1b, the Gedrosia component, and the Iberian components supports my belief that R1b people inhabited an Iberian refuge for much of the Upper Paleolithic, before spreading north and east during the Mesolithic and Neolithic.

globe4

  • 90.33% European
  • 5.90% African
  • 3.76% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Asian

globe10

  • 67.27% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 13.26% West_Asian
  • 12.70% Southern
  • 3.10% Neo_African
  • 2.66% Palaeo_African
  • 1.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian

globe13

  • 44.32% North_European
  • 34.24% Mediterranean
  • 13.25% West_Asian
  • 2.17% West_African
  • 2.16% Palaeo_African
  • 1.73% East_African
  • 1.15% Arctic
  • 0.98% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K7b

  • 64.24% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 13.93% West_Asian
  • 13.88% Southern
  • 6.70% African
  • 1.11% South_Asian
  • 0.13% East_Asian
  • 0.01% Siberian

K10a

  • 53.71% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 29.63% Mediterranean
  • 9.15% West_Asian
  • 4.04% Sub_Saharan
  • 2.30% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.91% East_Asian
  • 0.17% South_Asian
  • 0.09% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

K12b

  • 42.03% Atlantic_Med
  • 29.58% North_European
  • 15.23% Gedrosia
  • 3.96% Sub_Saharan
  • 3.42% Caucasus
  • 2.82% East_African
  • 2.43% Northwest_African
  • 0.52% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

dv3

  • 48.98% West_European
  • 23.37% Mediterranean
  • 10.98% West_Asian
  • 5.25% Northwest_African
  • 4.02% Neo_African
  • 3.16% East_European
  • 2.80% East_African
  • 1.32% South_Asian
  • 0.13% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 40.46% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 36.28% West-Eurasian
  • 10.39% Caucasian
  • 6.47% East-Eurasian
  • 6.40% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 38.50% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 33.91% West-Eurasian
  • 8.93% Caucasian
  • 8.15% North-West-Eurasian
  • 6.19% South-Asian
  • 4.32% East-Euroasian

MDLP K=7

  • 38.09% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 33.83% West-Eurasian
  • 8.52% Caucasian
  • 6.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.95% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 4.61% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.01% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=8

  • 52.26% West-European
  • 14.70% Caucasian
  • 12.21% East-European
  • 6.73% South-Central-Asian
  • 5.78% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 4.24% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.51% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.57% Paleo-Scandinavian

MDLP K=9

  • 52.27% West-European
  • 14.43% Caucasian
  • 10.51% East-European
  • 6.08% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.87% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 4.10% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.76% Altaic-Turkic
  • 3.57% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.42% Paleo-Scandinavian

MDLP K=10

  • 38.80% British
  • 32.24% Iberian
  • 9.92% Caucasian
  • 5.61% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.44% Volga-Finnic
  • 4.11% Altaic-Turkic
  • 3.54% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.02% East-European
  • 0.30% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=11

  • 39.47% Celto-Germanic
  • 31.31% Iberian
  • 9.73% Caucasian
  • 6.19% Volga-Uralic
  • 5.68% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.46% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 3.27% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.67% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.22% East-European
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 38.93% Celto-Germanic
  • 30.87% Iberian
  • 8.53% Caucasian
  • 6.04% Volga-Uralic
  • 5.59% South-Central Asian
  • 3.52% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 3.37% Alatic-Turkic
  • 2.00% East-European
  • 1.15% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 22.60% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 17.42% Altaic
  • 14.36% Celto-Germanic
  • 13.30% South-Central-Asian
  • 9.16% Mediterrean
  • 4.69% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.34% Baltic-Finnic
  • 3.66% Paleo-North-European
  • 3.13% Uralic-Permic
  • 3.08% Iberian
  • 2.21% East-European
  • 2.05% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Caucasian

MDLP K=14

  • 33.30% Celto-Germanic
  • 25.04% Iberian
  • 14.52% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.33% Caucasian
  • 4.28% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.74% Altaic
  • 3.61% Balto-Slavic
  • 3.49% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.17% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.62% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.89% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=15

  • 33.85% Celto-Germanic
  • 24.91% Iberian
  • 14.33% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.16% Caucasian
  • 4.76% West-Altaic
  • 4.11% Balto-Slavic
  • 3.35% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.27% Balkanic-2
  • 2.93% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.55% West-Mediterranean
  • 0.78% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Balkanic-1
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP World-22

  • 43.33% North-East-European
  • 31.35% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 7.69% South-African
  • 7.51% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 7.49% Arctic-Amerind
  • 1.92% Near_East
  • 0.71% West-Asian
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 33.79% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 21.53% West_European_HG
  • 13.90% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 9.06% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 6.13% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 4.20% Caucasian-Basal
  • 3.29% Uralic
  • 2.71% Melano-Austronesian
  • 2.21% Archaic_African
  • 2.21% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.49% Circumpolar
  • 0.28% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.12% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.05% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.02% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.01% South_East_Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 37.47% North_West_European
  • 14.84% East_European
  • 14.54% South_Central_Asian
  • 10.01% Volga-Uralic
  • 9.64% Mediterranean
  • 4.84% East_African
  • 3.98% Archaic_African
  • 2.21% Caucasian
  • 1.97% Roma
  • 0.50% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian
  • 0.00% West_Siberian

MDLP K23b

  • 38.37% European_Early_Farmers
  • 31.14% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 11.92% Caucasian
  • 9.62% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 2.58% Subsaharian
  • 1.90% East-African
  • 1.76% African-Pygmy
  • 0.97% Austronesian
  • 0.63% Khoisan
  • 0.53% North-African
  • 0.24% East-Siberian
  • 0.21% Archaic-African
  • 0.08% Arctic
  • 0.02% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.02% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.01% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Archaic-Human
  • 0.00% Austroloid
  • 0.00% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.00% Near-East
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
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