Analyses of a Bell Beaker genome

Below are the results of analyses of the sample I0806 from the Bell Beaker culture in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. The sample is dated to 2296–2206 BC.

I0806 belonged to Y haplogroup R1b1a2a1a2-P312 and mitochondrial haplogroup H1.

I0806 had large amounts of the MDLP Iberian components, which confirms the long-standing and widely held belief among archeologists that the Bell Beaker culture originated in Iberia and spread north and east from there.

globe4

  • 88.39% European
  • 10.03% Amerindian
  • 0.88% African
  • 0.70% Asian

globe10

  • 76.74% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 9.29% Southern
  • 6.52% West_Asian
  • 4.98% Siberian
  • 1.30% South_Asian
  • 0.86% Neo_African
  • 0.28% Australasian
  • 0.03% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 57.84% North_European
  • 27.43% Mediterranean
  • 6.17% West_Asian
  • 4.16% Arctic
  • 2.77% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.86% West_African
  • 0.55% Siberian
  • 0.18% Australasian
  • 0.03% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

K7b

  • 72.64% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 12.41% Southern
  • 11.09% West_Asian
  • 2.93% Siberian
  • 0.91% African
  • 0.01% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian

K10a

  • 64.97% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 23.53% Mediterranean
  • 7.13% West_Asian
  • 3.40% Siberian
  • 0.89% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.08% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

K12b

  • 46.80% North_European
  • 34.63% Atlantic_Med
  • 9.62% Gedrosia
  • 3.28% Southwest_Asian
  • 2.71% Caucasus
  • 2.13% Siberian
  • 0.83% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

dv3

  • 61.53% West_European
  • 19.21% Mediterranean
  • 8.94% East_European
  • 5.29% Southwest_Asian
  • 2.61% West_Asian
  • 1.72% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.69% Neo_African
  • 0.01% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 50.42% West-Eurasian
  • 32.83% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 14.92% Caucasian
  • 1.83% East-Eurasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 49.44% West-Eurasian
  • 27.76% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 12.97% Caucasian
  • 9.82% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.01% East-Euroasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian

MDLP K=7

  • 50.07% West-Eurasian
  • 27.67% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.22% Caucasian
  • 10.49% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.55% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=8

  • 37.95% West-European
  • 35.25% East-European
  • 15.27% Caucasian
  • 7.76% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.76% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=9

  • 37.65% West-European
  • 34.51% East-European
  • 14.80% Caucasian
  • 7.76% Volga-Finnic
  • 5.28% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.01% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=10

  • 29.24% British
  • 25.82% East-European
  • 25.50% Iberian
  • 11.08% Caucasian
  • 7.14% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.22% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=11

  • 28.82% Celto-Germanic
  • 25.92% East-European
  • 25.27% Iberian
  • 11.04% Caucasian
  • 4.63% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.38% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.94% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=12

  • 27.51% Celto-Germanic
  • 24.76% Iberian
  • 22.26% East-European
  • 10.51% Caucasian
  • 7.12% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.04% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.97% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.83% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central Asian

MDLP K=13

  • 21.57% Altaic
  • 17.77% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 13.07% Mediterrean
  • 10.94% Celto-Germanic
  • 8.36% East-Mediterranean
  • 8.19% South-Central-Asian
  • 7.45% East-European
  • 5.61% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.62% Iberian
  • 1.91% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.29% Baltic-Finnic
  • 1.21% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=14

  • 25.18% Iberian
  • 24.83% Celto-Germanic
  • 20.41% Balto-Slavic
  • 10.75% Caucasian
  • 7.29% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.89% Mediterranean
  • 3.84% Volga-Finnic
  • 2.55% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.26% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=15

  • 24.94% Celto-Germanic
  • 24.93% Iberian
  • 20.61% Balto-Slavic
  • 10.72% Caucasian
  • 7.29% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.66% Balkanic-1
  • 4.01% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.62% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.21% West-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Balkanic-2
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% West-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 51.38% North-East-European
  • 23.48% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 10.32% West-Asian
  • 6.44% North-Siberean
  • 4.42% Near_East
  • 1.36% Austronesian
  • 1.30% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.66% North-Amerind
  • 0.57% Melanesian
  • 0.05% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.02% South-African
  • 0.01% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 46.25% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 24.66% West_European_HG
  • 10.67% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 7.39% Caucasian-Basal
  • 4.32% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 2.65% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.81% Uralic
  • 0.80% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.54% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.51% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.47% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.45% Amerindian
  • 0.21% Circumpolar
  • 0.19% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.04% South_East_Asian
  • 0.02% Archaic_African
  • 0.02% Near-East-Basal

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 35.30% North_West_European
  • 29.15% East_European
  • 12.22% Caucasian
  • 6.97% West_Siberian
  • 4.81% Mediterranean
  • 4.36% Roma
  • 4.20% South_Central_Asian
  • 1.07% Arctic
  • 0.93% East_African
  • 0.93% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.06% South_Indian
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K23b

  • 34.77% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 23.13% European_Early_Farmers
  • 19.95% Caucasian
  • 12.00% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 7.85% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.56% Near-East
  • 0.54% Amerindian
  • 0.28% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.28% Arctic
  • 0.27% Austroloid
  • 0.19% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.09% East-Siberian
  • 0.06% North-African
  • 0.02% Archaic-Human
  • 0.00% African-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-African
  • 0.00% Khoisan
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
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