Analyses of a Yamna genome

Below are the results of analyses of the sample I0231 from the Yamna culture in Samara, Russia, near the Volga River. The sample is dated to 2910–2875 BC.

I0231 belonged to Y haplogroup R1b1a2a2-Z2103 and mitochondrial haplogroup U4a1.

The K12b results contradict the claim by David Reich and his associates that the Yamna people had a large amount of Armenian-like admixture. The largest K12b component for Armenians is the Caucasus component (55.7–59.8%), but I0231 only had 2.12% of the Caucasus component.

globe4

  • 81.28% European
  • 18.32% Amerindian
  • 0.40% Asian
  • 0.00% African

globe10

  • 59.32% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 25.70% West_Asian
  • 6.79% Amerindian
  • 4.88% South_Asian
  • 3.31% Siberian
  • 0.01% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southern

globe13

  • 62.21% North_European
  • 24.62% West_Asian
  • 5.57% Arctic
  • 3.18% Amerindian
  • 3.01% South_Asian
  • 1.42% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_African

K7b

  • 60.23% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 29.33% West_Asian
  • 5.24% South_Asian
  • 5.19% Siberian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern

K10a

  • 66.34% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 23.92% West_Asian
  • 5.43% Siberian
  • 4.31% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

K12b

  • 60.18% North_European
  • 26.29% Gedrosia
  • 4.89% Atlantic_Med
  • 4.50% Siberian
  • 2.12% Caucasus
  • 2.02% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 49.08% West_European
  • 20.88% East_European
  • 17.42% West_Asian
  • 8.42% South_Asian
  • 3.74% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.47% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 63.45% West-Eurasian
  • 19.25% Caucasian
  • 12.72% East-Eurasian
  • 3.10% South-Asian
  • 1.49% Paleo-mediterranean

MDLP K=6

  • 54.06% West-Eurasian
  • 22.73% North-West-Eurasian
  • 15.92% Caucasian
  • 5.34% East-Euroasian
  • 1.96% South-Asian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=7

  • 54.10% West-Eurasian
  • 17.02% Volga-Uralic
  • 13.56% Caucasian
  • 9.69% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 3.97% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.67% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=8

  • 41.70% East-European
  • 18.47% Caucasian
  • 15.32% Volga-Finnic
  • 14.80% West-European
  • 5.48% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 4.21% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=9

  • 39.92% East-European
  • 18.12% Caucasian
  • 16.38% West-European
  • 15.25% Volga-Finnic
  • 5.37% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 4.21% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.73% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=10

  • 32.88% British
  • 28.15% East-European
  • 14.63% Volga-Finnic
  • 14.43% Caucasian
  • 4.78% Paleo-North-European
  • 4.42% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.70% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.03% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=11

  • 31.59% Celto-Germanic
  • 27.77% East-European
  • 14.20% Caucasian
  • 10.36% Uralic-Permic
  • 7.32% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.47% Paleo-North-European
  • 3.63% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.64% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean

MDLP K=12

  • 30.02% Celto-Germanic
  • 21.21% East-European
  • 13.41% Caucasian
  • 12.27% Balto-Finnic
  • 10.15% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.68% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.48% Alatic-Turkic
  • 2.24% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.52% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central Asian
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=13

  • 23.66% Altaic
  • 17.70% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 15.90% Celto-Germanic
  • 10.60% Mediterrean
  • 8.30% East-Mediterranean
  • 7.07% East-European
  • 5.10% Iberian
  • 3.27% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.54% Baltic-Finnic
  • 2.54% Paleo-North-European
  • 2.45% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.85% Caucasian
  • 0.02% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=14

  • 28.86% Celto-Germanic
  • 20.82% Balto-Slavic
  • 15.69% Caucasian
  • 11.95% Balto-Finnic
  • 9.94% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.51% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.59% Altaic
  • 2.05% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.56% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.03% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=15

  • 28.53% Celto-Germanic
  • 20.88% Balto-Slavic
  • 15.57% Caucasian
  • 11.84% Balto-Finnic
  • 9.73% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.20% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.36% East-Altaic
  • 2.03% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.57% Balkanic-2
  • 0.26% West-Altaic
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Balkanic-1
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% West-Mediterranean

MDLP World-22

  • 50.74% North-East-European
  • 20.67% West-Asian
  • 9.29% Samoedic
  • 7.72% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 4.46% Indo-Iranian
  • 2.09% South-America_Amerind
  • 1.67% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 1.66% Indian
  • 1.40% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.31% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 46.02% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 14.40% Caucasian-Basal
  • 9.65% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 8.93% Uralic
  • 7.46% West_European_HG
  • 4.49% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 4.46% Amerindian
  • 1.43% Circumpolar
  • 1.41% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 1.10% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.30% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.18% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.08% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 0.03% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.03% South_East_Asian
  • 0.01% Archaic_African
  • 0.01% Near-East-Basal

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 32.02% East_European
  • 15.50% Volga-Uralic
  • 14.19% Caucasian
  • 13.50% South_Central_Asian
  • 12.58% North_West_European
  • 4.43% Amerindian
  • 3.18% West_Siberian
  • 2.56% Arctic
  • 1.86% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.15% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.02% South_Indian
  • 0.01% Roma
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian

MDLP K23b

  • 40.79% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 22.72% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 16.45% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 14.88% Caucasian
  • 2.59% Amerindian
  • 1.13% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.76% Arctic
  • 0.31% European_Early_Farmers
  • 0.20% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.06% East-Siberian
  • 0.04% Austroloid
  • 0.04% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.01% East-African
  • 0.01% Near-East
  • 0.00% African-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% Archaic-Human
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% Khoisan
  • 0.00% North-African
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
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