Below is an admixture plot based on K12b calculator results for 2,071 prehistoric and modern genomes.
The correspondences between the colors and the K12b components are as follows:
For the European samples, the amount of the Gedrosia component is proportional to the amount of ancestry the individual has from Y haplogroup R1 Gravettian-descended hunter-gatherers.
Almost all of the Sardinians have none of the Gedrosia component. Aside from the Sardinians, the smallest amounts of the Gedrosia component in Europe are found in the Baltic, Slavic, and Finnic populations of Northeastern Europe. Significant amounts of the component are found in the populations of Western Europe, and the largest amounts in Europe are found in the populations of Northwestern Europe.
Significant amounts of the Caucasus component are found in the Baltic and Slavic populations, while very small amounts are found in the populations of Northwestern Europe.
David Reich and his associates claimed that the people of the Pit Grave (Yamna) culture were hybrids, half of whose ancestry came from people like the Karelia and Samara hunter-gatherers, and the other half of whose ancestry came from an Armenian-like population. But this is totally wrong.
As the plot below shows, the Caucasus component makes up over half of the DNA of Armenians, and they also have a significant amount of the Southwest Asian component. But the Caucasus component made up only a small fraction of the DNA of the Pit Grave people, and they didn’t have any of the Southwest Asian component, so they clearly did not have a significant amount of Armenian-like admixture.
The DNA of the Pit Grave people was in fact rather pure Gravettian-descended hunter-gatherer DNA, with only a small amount of Neolithic farmer admixture. They were genetically similar to the 17,000-year-old Afontova Gora 2 hunter-gatherer, and to the 24,000-year-old Mal’ta 1 hunter-gatherer. Like those hunter-gatherers, the Pit Grave people had large amounts of the North European and Gedrosia components.
It was actually the Karelia and Samara hunter-gatherers who were significantly mixed, not the Pit Grave people. The fact that these two hunter-gatherers had some of the Gedrosia component shows that they had some Gravettian ancestry, but they had significantly less of the Gedrosia component than the Pit Grave people and Mal’ta 1 and Afontova Gora 2. This means that their Gravettian ancestry was diluted by admixture from some other population, and the source of that admixture was Y hg I Aurignacian-descended hunter-gatherers, who lacked the Gedrosia component.
Given their small amounts of the Gedrosia component, Balts and Slavs (who belong primarily to Y hg R1a) must be derived from low-Gedrosia R1a people like the Karelia hunter-gatherer, rather than from people like the high-Gedrosia R1a German Corded Ware people shown in the plot below. This ancestral population also must have absorbed some of the Caucasus component at some point, given the significant amount of that component in Balts and Slavs.
Modern-day Sardinians are genetically very similar to the early and middle Neolithic farmers of Spain. They both have a large amount of the Atlantic-Med component, and a significant amount of the Caucasus component.
The early and middle Neolithic farmers of Spain were similar to the early Neolithic Linear Pottery farmers of Germany, and to the early Neolithic farmers of Hungary, but one difference is that the German and Hungarian farmers had more of the Caucasus component. This may be related to the fact that the German and Hungarian farmers belonged primarily to Y hg G, while the Spanish farmers belonged primarily to Y hg I. The highest frequencies of Y hg G are today found in the Caucasus Mountains, and the haplogroup is associated with the Caucasus component.
It’s striking that although Basques are similar to the first European farmers in that they have a large amount of the Atlantic-Med component, they’re very different from those farmers in that they have little to none of the Caucasus component. This suggests that the first farmers were a mix of two populations, one carrying the Atlantic-Med component, and the other carrying the Caucasus component, and that Basques have ancestry mainly from the Atlantic-Med-carrying population.
The people of the Unetice culture, which occupied the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, and Germany, were similar to modern-day Czechs, although the Unetice people had a bit more of the Gedrosia component and a bit less of the Caucasus component. This difference is probably due to the Slavic element in modern-day Czechs, since Slavic DNA has a significant amount of the Caucasus component, and only a small amount of the Gedrosia component.
The people of the Bell Beaker culture, which spread from Iberia throughout Western and Central Europe, and which survived the longest in the British Isles, were similar to the modern-day English.
The plot shows that Amerindian DNA is made up of the Mongoloid components, the Caucasoid North European and Gedrosia components, and the Veddoid South Asian component. The Caucasoid and Veddoid components in Amerindians are exactly the same components found in the Mal’ta 1 genome, and the components even occur in Amerindians in approximately the same ratios as they do in the Mal’ta 1 genome. I was the first person in history to show that Amerindian DNA is made up of these kinds of racially different components, and I did so seven months before the paper on the Mal’ta 1 genome was published. No one has ever acknowledged my accomplishment, and the fraud and anti-White propagandist Eske Willerslev has taken the credit which is rightfully mine.
The plot also shows that Australoid DNA is primarily related to the Veddoid South Asian component, but that it is also related to the Mongoloid and Negroid components. The continent of Sahul, which includes Australia, New Guinea, and Tasmania, was first populated by Negritoids and later by Ainu-like proto-Mongoloids. Australia received a third wave of migration by Veddoids four to five thousand years ago. The Veddoid component in Australoids is primarily from the Negritoids, who were genetically similar to true Veddoids. The Mongoloid components are from the Ainu-like proto-Mongoloids. The Negroid components are partially from the Negritoids, and partially from the Homo erectus that the Negritoids mixed with on their way to Sahul, in what are today the Sunda Islands.