Phenotype SNPs from the Lapita culture

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for genomes from the Lapita culture on the islands of Vanuatu and Tonga in the South Pacific. Nonzero derived allele counts are in bold. Note that the nonzero counts for red hair alleles below are due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  1/1

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1369   Vanuatu   3000–2750  2/2
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  0/3

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/1

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/3
I1369   Vanuatu   3000–2750  0/2
I1370   Vanuatu   3110–2780  0/3
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  0/2

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/1
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  1/2

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/1
I1369   Vanuatu   3000–2750  0/1
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  0/2

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/3
I1369   Vanuatu   3000–2750  0/2
I1370   Vanuatu   3110–2780  0/1
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  0/1

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/1
I1370   Vanuatu   3110–2780  1/2
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  0/3

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/3
I1369   Vanuatu   3000–2750  0/4
I1370   Vanuatu   3110–2780  0/2
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  0/2

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/2
I1370   Vanuatu   3110–2780  0/1
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  0/2

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1370   Vanuatu   3110–2780  0/1

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
CP30    Tonga     2680–2340  0/2

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  1/1

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1369   Vanuatu   3000–2750  0/1

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1370   Vanuatu   3110–2780  0/1

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/1
I1369   Vanuatu   3000–2750  0/1
I1370   Vanuatu   3110–2780  0/2

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/2
I1369   Vanuatu   3000–2750  0/1

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample  Location  Date BP    D/T
I1368   Vanuatu   2990–2740  0/1
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