Phenotype SNPs from Neolithic Estonia

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for genomes from Neolithic Estonia. Nonzero derived allele counts are in bold. Note that small derived allele counts may be due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs2424984, Veddoid brown skin

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 1    Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/1
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  1/1
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  8/8

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  1/1
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  5/5
Sope      Corded Ware  2625–2400  1/1

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample       Culture       Date BC    D/T
Kudruküla 2  Comb Ceramic  3831–3426  0/1
Ardu 2       Corded Ware   2921–2555  0/1
Kunila 1     Corded Ware   2850–2050  0/1
Kunila 2     Corded Ware   2626–2390  0/8
Sope         Corded Ware   2625–2400  0/1

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 1    Corded Ware  2850–2050  1/1
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/1
Kunila 1  Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/3
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  2/3

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/2

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/4
Kunila 1  Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/2
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/16
Sope      Corded Ware  2625–2400  0/1

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample       Culture       Date BC    D/T
Kudruküla 2  Comb Ceramic  3831–3426  0/1
Ardu 1       Corded Ware   2850–2050  0/3
Ardu 2       Corded Ware   2921–2555  0/2
Kunila 1     Corded Ware   2850–2050  0/2
Kunila 2     Corded Ware   2626–2390  1/12

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 1    Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/1
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/1
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/12
Sope      Corded Ware  2625–2400  0/2

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample       Culture       Date BC    D/T
Kudruküla 2  Comb Ceramic  3831–3426  0/1
Kudruküla 3  Comb Ceramic  3950–1850  0/1
Ardu 1       Corded Ware   2850–2050  0/1
Ardu 2       Corded Ware   2921–2555  0/1
Kunila 1     Corded Ware   2850–2050  0/2
Kunila 2     Corded Ware   2626–2390  0/11

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/4
Kunila 1  Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/2
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  1/13
Sope      Corded Ware  2625–2400  0/1

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/6
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/19

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 1    Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/1
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/2
Kunila 1  Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/2
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/2
Sope      Corded Ware  2625–2400  0/2

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Kunila 1  Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/1
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/7
Sope      Corded Ware  2625–2400  0/1

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 1    Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/1
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/2
Kunila 1  Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/1
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/2

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/2
Kunila 1  Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/2
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/6

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/2
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/1

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample       Culture       Date BC    D/T
Kudruküla 3  Comb Ceramic  3950–1850  0/1
Kunila 1     Corded Ware   2850–2050  1/2
Kunila 2     Corded Ware   2626–2390  0/2
Sope         Corded Ware   2625–2400  1/2

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample       Culture       Date BC    D/T
Kudruküla 3  Comb Ceramic  3950–1850  1/2
Ardu 2       Corded Ware   2921–2555  2/2
Kunila 1     Corded Ware   2850–2050  2/2
Kunila 2     Corded Ware   2626–2390  7/7
Sope         Corded Ware   2625–2400  2/2

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 1    Corded Ware  2850–2050  1/1
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/2
Kunila 1  Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/5
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/4

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/2
Kunila 1  Corded Ware  2850–2050  0/1
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/2

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample    Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 2    Corded Ware  2921–2555  1/2
Kunila 2  Corded Ware  2626–2390  0/2

TYRP1, rs2733831, light hair and eyes

Sample  Culture      Date BC    D/T
Ardu 2  Corded Ware  2921–2555  0/2
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