Phenotype SNPs from Bronze Age Lebanon

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for five Bronze Age genomes from the city of Sidon in Lebanon. Nonzero derived allele counts are highlighted. Note that small derived allele counts may be due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs2424984, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 3/5
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 2/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 1/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 2/2

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 4/5
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 1/3
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 4/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 2/2

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/4
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/1
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/3
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/1
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1

KITLG, rs642742, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 2/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 2/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 1/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 2/2

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/5
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/3
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 1/5

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 1/4
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/5

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/4
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/5
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/1
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 1/4
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/3
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/7

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/8
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/3
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 3/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 1/3

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 2/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 8/8
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 2/2
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 6/6

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/1
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/3
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 2/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1

TYRP1, rs2733831, light hair and eyes

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
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