K = 14 admixture analysis of Sungir genomes

Below is a plot for a K = 14 admixture analysis that includes five genomes from the archeological site of Sungir in Russia. The table above the plot gives some information for these samples.

A plot for a K = 13 analysis of the Sungir genomes, which doesn’t have a dark blue component, is here.

The Sungir individuals from 34,000 years ago are genetically similar to the other pre-LGM Europeans, and especially to Kostenki 14, who lived further south in Russia around 3,500 years earlier. Their DNA is made up primarily of the dark blue (K = 14) or plain blue (K = 13) European hunter-gatherer components, with the rest made up of an undifferentiated Caucasoid, or proto-Caucasoid, pattern of components.

Sungir 6, from 1100–1220 AD, is genetically similar to the modern central Russian samples. Like them, he has a small amount of Mongoloid admixture (2.91%). This is consistent with the analysis in this post which estimated that the Mongoloid admixture in northern Russians resulted from an admixture event that took place between 400 and 1100 AD, before the Mongol invasion of Europe starting in 1223 AD.

Sample Period Date
Sungir 1 Mid Upper Paleolithic 33,875–31,770 BP
Sungir 2 Mid Upper Paleolithic 35,283–33,185 BP
Sungir 3 Mid Upper Paleolithic 35,154–33,031 BP
Sungir 4 Mid Upper Paleolithic 34,485–33,499 BP
Sungir 6 High Middle Ages 1100–1220 AD

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