Phenotype SNPs for Bronze Age German warriors

Below are genotypes for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for samples from a Bronze Age battlefield at the archeological site of Weltzin, in the Tollense valley, in northeastern Germany. Genotypes with derived alleles are highlighted.

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 AA

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 AA

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ16 Neolithic 2960 CC
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 CC

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ16 Neolithic 2960 TT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ53 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 TT

KITLG, rs642742, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ16 Neolithic 2960 TT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ53 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 TT

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 TT

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 GG

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 GG

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 CC

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 CC

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 CC

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 GG

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ16 Neolithic 2960 GG
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ53 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 AA

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ16 Neolithic 2960 CC
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 CC

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 TT
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 TT

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 GG

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ16 Neolithic 2960 AA
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ53 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 AA

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 GG

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ16 Neolithic 2960 CC
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ53 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 CC
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 CC

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample Period Date BC GT
WEZ15 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ24 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ39 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ40 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ48 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ51 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ54 Bronze Age 1250 AA
WEZ56 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ57 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ58 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ59 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ61 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ63 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ71 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ74 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ77 Bronze Age 1250 GG
WEZ83 Bronze Age 1250 GG
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3 comments on “Phenotype SNPs for Bronze Age German warriors
  1. Qwest says:

    Will be Y-calls?

  2. Mandy says:

    Now this is very interesting! As far as I know, the first sample of a group of people in Europe where light skin and eyes had become universal traits but still mixed with African brown skin alleles. And they don’t have the ability to digest milk which means they are probably not of Middle Eastern or Indo-European origin. Do you agree?

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