Phenotype SNPs from Mesolithic Scandinavia

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for genomes from Mesolithic Scandinavia. Nonzero derived allele counts are highlighted. Note that small derived allele counts may be due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs2424984, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 1 Southern Norway 7502–7325 2/2
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 7/7
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 3/3
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 78/78
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 1/1

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 4/4
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 1/1
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 100/100

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/8
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/3
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/97
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/1

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 1 Southern Norway 7502–7325 2/2
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 6/6
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 5/5
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 36/76
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 1/1

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 1 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/3
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/5
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/69
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/2

KITLG, rs642742, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 8/8
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 1/1
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 54/54
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 1/1

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/3
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/3
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/139
Stora Förvar 11 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7073–6810 0/1
Stora Bjers 1 Gotland, Sweden 7013–6629 0/1
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/1

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/4
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/1
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/117
Stora Förvar 11 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7073–6810 0/1

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/2
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/90

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/1
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/98

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/3
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/2
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/135
Stora Förvar 11 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7073–6810 0/1
Stora Bjers 1 Gotland, Sweden 7013–6629 0/1
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/1

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/4
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/4
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/149
Stora Förvar 11 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7073–6810 0/1
Stora Bjers 1 Gotland, Sweden 7013–6629 0/1
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/1

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 1 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/1
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/7
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/2
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/91
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/1

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/7
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/1
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/91

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 1 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/2
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/2
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/4
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/67
Stora Förvar 11 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7073–6810 0/1
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/2

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/3
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/2
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/97
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/3

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/3
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/3
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/103
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/2

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 1/2
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 1/2
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 81/81
Stora Bjers 1 Gotland, Sweden 7013–6629 1/1

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 3/3
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 2/97

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 1 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/2
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/6
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 43/75
Stora Förvar 11 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7073–6810 1/1
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/1

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 1 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/2
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/78
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/1

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 0/2
Stora Förvar 9 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7350–7038 0/3
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 0/80
Steigen 1 Northern Norway 4000–3814 0/3

TYRP1, rs2733831, light hair and eyes

Sample Location Date BC D/T
Hummervikholmen 2 Southern Norway 7502–7325 4/4
Stora Förvar 12 Stora Karlsö, Sweden 7083–6807 28/58
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