Timeline of extra-African human evolution
- 100–85 ka — Y BT and mt L3’4 Negroids migrate from the Horn of Africa to the tropical Middle East, where Y CT and mt L3 originate.
- 55–45 ka — Y D, E, C, and F and mt M and N Negroids expand into the subtropical Middle East, and then throughout the rest of tropical and subtropical Asia. The Negroids in the subtropical Middle East and subtropical China evolve into humans with straight rather than woolly hair and brown rather than black skin.
- 45–25 ka — The straight-haired, brown-skinned humans in the Middle East, Europe, Central Asia, and Siberia evolve into Caucasoids.
- 45–25 ka — The straight-haired, brown-skinned humans in China evolve into Mongoloids. The 370A mutation in the EDAR gene results in Sinodonty, stiff hair, small breasts, and higher sweat gland density. The epicanthic fold is also evolved.
Timeline of the peopling of Sahul
- 55–45 ka — Y C1b-F1370 and K2b-M1221 and mt M, N, and R Negroids migrate from Southeast Asia into what are today the Sunda Islands, where they interbreed with archaics before continuing on to Sahul.
Timeline of the peopling of the Americas
- 26–19 ka — Caucasoids of the Solutrean culture travel across the Atlantic from France and Iberia to the Americas. Their stone tool technology later evolves into that of the Clovis culture.
- 16–14 ka — Hybrids formed from Y Q Caucasoid males and mt A, B, C, and D Mongoloid females migrate along the Pacific coast of the Bering land bridge and down the Pacific coasts of North and South America.
- 6–2 ka — Caucasoids travel across the Atlantic from Western Europe, Northwest Africa, and the Canary Islands to the Americas, and become known to the Amerinds as White Gods.
- 5 ka — Y Q and C2-M217 and mt A and D Mongoloid-Caucasoid hybrids speaking Pre-Proto-Na-Dene migrate across the Bering Strait to North America.
- 1 ka — Y Q and mt A and D Mongoloid-Caucasoid hybrids speaking Pre-Proto-Eskimo migrate across the Bering Strait to Arctic North America.
- 1 ka — Caucasoids travel across the North Atlantic from Scandinavia to North America.