Phenotype SNPs from the ancient Americas

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for ancient DNA samples from the Americas. Nonzero derived allele counts are in bold. Note that small derived allele counts may be due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs2424984, Veddoid brown skin

Sample    Tribe    Region               Years BP   D/T
939       Unknown  British Columbia     6260–5890  2/2
MARC1492  Micmac   New Brunswick        516–258    1/1
BC25      Pericú   Baja California Sur  800–300    1/1
BC30      Pericú   Baja California Sur  800–300    2/2
MA577     Selknam  Tierra del Fuego     ~200       8/8
890       Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego     ~200       4/4
894       Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego     ~200       4/4
895       Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego     ~200       6/6

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample    Tribe     Region             Years BP  D/T
MARC1492  Micmac    New Brunswick      516–258   1/1
AM74      Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132       1/1
MA577     Selknam   Tierra del Fuego   ~200      6/6
890       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200      13/13
895       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200      3/3

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample  Tribe     Region               Years BP  D/T
BC25    Pericú    Baja California Sur  800–300   1/1
BC30    Pericú    Baja California Sur  800–300   1/1
AM71    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132       1/1
MA577   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      4/4
890     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      1/1
894     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      5/5
895     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      5/5

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample    Tribe     Region             Years BP   D/T
939       Unknown   British Columbia   6260–5890  0/3
MARC1492  Micmac    New Brunswick      516–258    0/1
AM74      Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132        0/1
MA577     Selknam   Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/2
894       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/1
895       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/2

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample  Tribe     Region               Years BP  D/T
BC25    Pericú    Baja California Sur  800–300   0/1
BC29    Pericú    Baja California Sur  800–300   0/1
AM74    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132       0/1
MA577   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/2

KITLG, rs642742, Veddoid brown skin

Sample  Tribe    Region            Years BP   D/T
939     Unknown  British Columbia  6260–5890  1/1
MA577   Selknam  Tierra del Fuego  ~200       1/1

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample    Tribe     Region               Years BP   D/T
939       Unknown   British Columbia     6260–5890  0/1
Enoque65  Unknown   Northeastern Brazil  3635–3483  0/1
AM74      Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132        0/2
MA577     Selknam   Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/6
890       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/6
894       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/1
895       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/7

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample  Tribe     Region             Years BP  D/T
AM74    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132       0/1
MA572   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/1
MA577   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/11
890     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/8
895     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/12

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample  Tribe     Region             Years BP   D/T
939     Unknown   British Columbia   6260–5890  0/2
AM71    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132        0/1
AM74    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132        0/1
MA577   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/6
890     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/10
894     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/1
895     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/6

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Tribe     Region               Years BP  D/T
BC28    Pericú    Baja California Sur  800–300   0/1
AM71    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132       0/1
MA577   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/8
890     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/11
894     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/1
895     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/7

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample    Tribe     Region               Years BP   D/T
939       Unknown   British Columbia     6260–5890  0/1
Enoque65  Unknown   Northeastern Brazil  3635–3483  0/1
AM74      Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132        0/2
MA577     Selknam   Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/6
890       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/5
894       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/1
895       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/7

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample    Tribe     Region               Years BP   D/T
939       Unknown   British Columbia     6260–5890  0/1
Enoque65  Unknown   Northeastern Brazil  3635–3483  0/1
AM74      Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132        0/2
MA577     Selknam   Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/8
890       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/7
894       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/0
895       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200       0/7

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Tribe     Region               Years BP  D/T
BC25    Pericú    Baja California Sur  800–300   0/3
BC30    Pericú    Baja California Sur  800–300   0/1
AM66    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132       0/1
MA577   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/2
890     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/2
894     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/1
895     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/1

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample  Tribe     Region             Years BP  D/T
AM71    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132       0/1
AM74    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132       0/2
MA577   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/5
890     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/2
894     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/5
895     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/5

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample  Tribe     Region             Years BP   D/T
939     Unknown   British Columbia   6260–5890  0/2
AM74    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132        1/1
894     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/3
895     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/3

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample    Tribe     Region               Years BP  D/T
MARC1492  Micmac    New Brunswick        516–258   0/1
MOM6      Unknown   Northwestern Mexico  >500      0/1
AM71      Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132       0/1
AM74      Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132       0/1
MA577     Selknam   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/5
890       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/2
894       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/5
895       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/7

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample    Tribe    Region               Years BP  D/T
MARC1492  Micmac   New Brunswick        516–258   0/1
BC25      Pericú   Baja California Sur  800–300   0/1
MA577     Selknam  Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/3
894       Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/4
895       Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/1

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample  Tribe    Region               Years BP  D/T
BC25    Pericú   Baja California Sur  800–300   0/1
MA577   Selknam  Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/2
890     Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      1/1
895     Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/2

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample    Tribe     Region               Years BP  D/T
MARC1492  Micmac    New Brunswick        516–258   0/3
BC29      Pericú    Baja California Sur  800–300   0/1
AM71      Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132       0/1
AM74      Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia    132       0/1
MA577     Selknam   Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/5
890       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/3
894       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/2
895       Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego     ~200      0/2

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample  Tribe     Region             Years BP   D/T
939     Unknown   British Columbia   6260–5890  0/1
AM74    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132        1/3
MA577   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/4
894     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/5
895     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200       0/1

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample  Tribe     Region             Years BP  D/T
AM74    Alacaluf  Chilean Patagonia  132       0/2
MA577   Selknam   Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/2
895     Yaghan    Tierra del Fuego   ~200      0/4

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample  Tribe    Region            Years BP  D/T
MA577   Selknam  Tierra del Fuego  ~200      0/2
890     Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego  ~200      0/1
894     Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego  ~200      0/1
895     Yaghan   Tierra del Fuego  ~200      0/3

TYRP1, rs2733831, light hair and eyes

Sample  Tribe    Region            Years BP  D/T
MA577   Selknam  Tierra del Fuego  ~200      0/3
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