Statuettes of the White Gods

In my White Gods post from three years ago, I included the photograph below, which shows ceramic vessels from the ancient Peruvian Moche culture (100 AD to 800 AD) that depict four obviously Caucasoid men with beards. (Note that Amerindians don’t have beards.)

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Below is another ceramic vessel from the Moche culture, which portrays a European man with white skin and red hair, mustache, and goatee. The man is depicted as a prisoner bound with ropes.

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The pottery of the Nazca culture (100 BC to 800 AD) depicts some people who are obviously European, some who are obviously Amerindian, and some who look like Mestizos. Below are some of the pieces of Nazca pottery that depict Europeans, with European skin color and facial features.

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The piece below depicts an apparent Mestizo holding the head of a European female.

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The next piece depicts an Amerindian fisherman, with dark reddish-brown skin and black hair.

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Below is a piece that depicts an act of miscegenation between an Amerindian man and a European woman.

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And next is a ceramic vessel in the form of a tattooed European man, from the Ica culture (900 AD to 1500 AD), which succeeded the Nazca culture in the southern coastal region of Peru.

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Pieces of artwork depicting Europeans have been found that date back to the very beginnings of pre-Columbian American civilization. As I noted in my White Gods post, the first civilization in the Americas was the Norte Chico civilization of Peru, which began around 3700–3500 BC and ended around 1800 BC. The largest city of the Norte Chico civilization was Caral, which was inhabited between 2600 and 2000 BC. As the photographs below show, Caral had some of the most advanced architecture on Earth at the time, including extremely complex pyramids and circular amphitheaters.

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Below are some of the clay figurines that were found a few years ago at Norte Chico sites.

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The figurine on the right below is said to depict a priestess. The male figurine on the left has a particularly European, non-Amerindian facial appearance.

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The most important examples of these kinds of sculptures were recently found at the coastal Norte Chico city of Vichama, parts of which are shown below.

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In June of last year, reed baskets were found in one of the buildings at Vichama, which contained three statuettes, as shown below.

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Below are the statuettes themselves, which were dated to 1800 BC. The female statuette in the center was said to represent a priestess, and the male statuette on the left and the female statuette on the right were said to represent political authorities. It’s also possible, however, that the three people depicted were regarded as gods by the inhabitants of Vichama. The bodies of all three of the figures have a color like that of European skin. The male figure on the left has blond hair. The female figure on the right has red hair. The female figure in the middle has black hair and red freckles on her face.

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As shown in the next image, in another building at Vichama two clay female heads were found wrapped in cloth and covered with yellow, blue, and orange feathers.

vichama-sculptures

The two heads are shown below.

vichama-heads

The same blond and red hair seen on the above statuettes from America’s first civilization can be seen on human remains from ancient Peru, as I will now show.

The next image is plate 35 from Thor Heyerdahl’s 1952 work American Indians in the Pacific. Figure 1 shows a pre-Inca Peruvian head with fine, wavy dark blond hair.

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And below is another scan of figure 1 from plate 35.

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Next is plate 36 from American Indians in the Pacific. Figure 3 is a head with fine, wavy blond hair from the Paracas culture (1200–800 BC to 100 BC), which preceded the Nazca culture in the southern coastal region of Peru. Figures 1, 7, 9, and 12 also show examples of blond or dark blond hair from pre-Inca Peru.

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And below is a larger scan of the Paracas head in figure 3 from plate 36. Note also the narrow-faced European, non-Amerindian morphology of the skull.

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The next image shows a Paracas mummy with blond hair and white skin. Here again, the cranial morphology is distinctly European and not Amerindian.

paracas-mummy

Below is a mummy of a child with fine, wavy blond hair from the Nazca area.

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And here is a close-up of the child’s blond hair:

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According to this page, five blond mummies were found during the dictatorship of the left-wing Peruvian general Juan Velasco Alvarado (1968–1975), and Alvarado ordered these mummies to be destroyed.

On this page of this website I found the below photograph of another skull from the Paracas culture with blond hair.

paracas-skull

The page also shows the next photograph of an obviously European Peruvian mummy head with white skin and light brown hair and beard. The following photograph shows the same head as it is now displayed in a museum in Ica, Peru, after the hair and skin were artificially and fraudulently darkened to make the head look more Amerindian.

mummy-head-before

mummy-head-after

The chronicler and conquistador Pedro Pizarro, cousin of Francisco Pizarro, wrote the following about the Incas in his 1571 work Relation of the discovery and conquest of the kingdoms of Peru:

The people of this kingdom of Peru were white, swarthy in color, and among them the Lords and Ladies were whiter than Spaniards. I saw in this land an Indian woman and a child who would not stand out among white blonds. These people [of the upper class] say that they were the children of the idols.

Below is an ancient Peruvian mummy with red hair. This is the same mummy that the liars at New Scientist magazine claimed to have “long black hair” on this page.

mummy-red-hair-1

Next is a photograph of a Chachapoya skull with red or reddish-brown hair from the Laguna de los Cóndores site.

chachapoya-red-hair

And the next photograph is of a head from the Nazca culture with red or reddish-brown hair, white skin, and European facial features.

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Below is a mummy of a Peruvian child with fine red or reddish-brown hair from around 1334 AD.

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Next is another mummy of a child with fine red hair from Paramonga, a city of the Chimu culture (1100 AD to 1470 AD), which succeeded the Moche culture in the northern coastal region of Peru.

paramonga-mummy

Below is a mummy with fine, wavy red hair from the Wari culture (500 AD to 1000 AD), which was contemporaneous with the Tiwanaku culture further south.

wari-mummy

One of the first people from Spain to see the ruins of the capital city of the Wari culture was Pedro Cieza de León, and in the first part of his 1553 work Chronicle of Peru, he wrote the following about the people who built the city:

The largest river near the city is called Viñaque, near which there are some great and very ancient edifices, which are now in ruins, but appear to have stood for many ages. When the Indians are asked who built these ancient monuments, they reply that a bearded and white people like ourselves were the builders, who came to these parts many ages before the Incas began to reign, and formed a settlement here.

And finally, below are mummies with fine, wavy red hair from the Nazca culture’s Chauchilla Cemetery, which was established around 200 AD and used for 600 to 700 years.

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Third K = 15 admixture analysis of prehistoric and modern genomes

Below is a plot for another K = 15 admixture analysis of prehistoric and modern genomes. Like the K = 13 analysis in the preceding post, this analysis includes one Neolithic and three Bronze Age samples from Ireland.

all-15-3-2

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Third K = 13 admixture analysis of prehistoric and modern genomes

Below is a plot for another K = 13 admixture analysis of prehistoric and modern genomes. This analysis includes a Middle to Late Neolithic sample from Ballynahatty in Northern Ireland, and three Early Bronze Age samples from Rathlin Island in Northern Ireland.

The three Bronze Age samples belonged to Y haplogroup R1b-L21, which has always clearly been associated with the Insular Celtic languages (except in the confused minds of some very stupid people). It has been obvious since early last year that the R1b-L21 men of the British Isles were descended from the R1b-P312 men of the Bell Beaker culture. And we know from my discovery of four months ago, along with abundant archeological evidence, that the R1b-P312 men of the Bell Beaker culture were descended from R1b-M269 men who were already in Iberia hundreds of years before that culture began.

The analysis the plot is based on uses only part of the data for the four Irish samples. The numbers of SNPs used for these samples are below.

Sample        Period                    Date          SNPs
Ballynahatty  Middle to Late Neolithic  3343–3020 BC  45,762
Rathlin 1     Early Bronze Age          2026–1885 BC  47,044
Rathlin 2     Early Bronze Age          2024–1741 BC  40,568
Rathlin 3     Early Bronze Age          1736–1534 BC  29,938

all-13-3-2

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Second K = 15 admixture analysis of prehistoric and modern genomes

Below is a plot for another K = 15 admixture analysis of prehistoric and modern genomes. Like the K = 13 analysis in the preceding post, this analysis includes the Paleolithic hunter-gatherer from Satsurblia cave in Georgia, the Mesolithic hunter-gatherer from Kotias Klde cave in Georgia, and the Paleolithic hunter-gatherer from Bichon cave in Switzerland.

all-15-2

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Second K = 13 admixture analysis of prehistoric and modern genomes

Below is a plot for another K = 13 admixture analysis of prehistoric and modern genomes. This analysis includes the Paleolithic hunter-gatherer from Satsurblia cave in Georgia, the Mesolithic hunter-gatherer from Kotias Klde cave in Georgia, and the Paleolithic hunter-gatherer from Bichon cave in Switzerland.

all-13-2

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Y-SNP calls for the Grotte du Bichon hunter-gatherer

The Y-SNP calls for the Grotte du Bichon genome are here. The Grotte du Bichon sample is from the skeleton of a hunter-gatherer found in the Grotte du Bichon, a cave in the Jura Mountains of Switzerland. The skeleton was dated to 13,560–13,770 BP, during the late Upper Paleolithic.

The calls show that the Grotte du Bichon hunter-gatherer belonged to Y haplogroup pre-I2a1a2a1-L1287. This is the same haplogroup that was found in the Mesolithic Swedish hunter-gatherer Motala 9, the three Swedish hunter-gatherers Ajvide 52, 58, and 70 of the Pitted Ware culture, and the two Hungarian samples KO1 and NE7, from the Neolithic Körös and Lengyel cultures.

Below is a description of the Grotte du Bichon hunter-gatherer:

The human skeleton was determined to be of a young male, 20–23 years of age, of the Cro-Magnon type. According to the cranio-facial architecture, it was characterized by classical cranio-facial disharmony, i.e. a relatively long skull associated with a low face and sub-rectangular eye-sockets, which are quite typical of the time period. The young man weighed a little over 60 kg and stood 1.64 m tall. Although of a relatively slender build, muscle attachments showed him to have been a strong runner and well adapted to mountainous terrain. His upper limbs show a high degree of asymmetry, indicative of preferential use of the right arm. Isotopic studies of carbon and nitrogen fractionations indicated a largely meat based terrestrial diet.

In this comment from April 7th, 2014, I said that I thought that the Aurignacians belonged to Y haplogroup I, and that haplogroup I people originally had the eurymorphic (short-and-wide-faced) cranial morphology of the Cro-Magnon 1 skull, and that the Gravettians belonged to Y haplogroup R, and that haplogroup R people originally had the leptomorphic (long-and-narrow-faced) cranial morphology of the Sungir 1 and Predmost 3 skulls.

The Grotte du Bichon genome shows that I was right about the original cranial morphology of haplogroup I people. I’m confident that a Gravettian genome will show that I was also right about the original cranial morphology of haplogroup R people.

Eurymorphic Cro-Magnon 1, Upper Paleolithic France

Eurymorphic Cro-Magnon 1, Upper Paleolithic France

Leptomorphic Sungir 1, Gravettian Russia

Leptomorphic Sungir 1, Gravettian Russia

Leptomorphic Predmost 3, Gravettian Czech Republic

Leptomorphic Predmost 3, Gravettian Czech Republic

Leptomorphic Combe-Capelle, Mesolithic France

Leptomorphic Combe-Capelle, Mesolithic France

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Y-SNP calls for the Kotias Klde hunter-gatherer

The Y-SNP calls for the Kotias Klde genome are here. The Kotias Klde sample is from the skeleton of a hunter-gatherer found in Kotias Klde cave in western Georgia. The skeleton was dated to 9529–9895 BP, during the Mesolithic.

The calls show that the Kotias Klde hunter-gatherer belonged to Y haplogroup pre-J2a-Y12378.

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