Analyses of an Urnfield genome

Below are the results of analyses of the sample I0099 from the late Bronze Age Urnfield culture in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. The sample is dated to 1113–1021 BC.

I0099 belonged to Y haplogroup R1a1a1b1a2-Z280 and mitochondrial haplogroup H23.

Like the R1a1a1-M417* German Corded Ware sample I0104, I0099 had a significant amount of the K12b Gedrosia component. This again raises the question of how the Baltic and Slavic populations of modern-day Europe, which have the highest frequencies of R1a in Europe, can also have the smallest amounts of the Gedrosia component in Europe. I think that the prehistoric R1a populations to the east of Germany had smaller amounts of the Gedrosia component, like the R1a1-M459* sample I0061 from northwestern Russia, and that modern-day Balts and Slavs are derived primarily from these more eastern R1a populations. I think that the prehistoric R1a people of Germany, like I0104 and I0099, absorbed additional amounts of the Gedrosia component from higher-Gedrosia R1b people, just as the Y hg I people of the Unetice culture did.

globe4

  • 91.62% European
  • 8.38% Amerindian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% Asian

globe10

  • 74.23% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 12.88% West_Asian
  • 8.24% Southern
  • 2.38% South_Asian
  • 1.28% Amerindian
  • 0.87% Siberian
  • 0.12% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Neo_African

globe13

  • 52.84% North_European
  • 31.16% Mediterranean
  • 12.77% West_Asian
  • 1.29% Amerindian
  • 1.09% South_Asian
  • 0.59% Siberian
  • 0.23% Palaeo_African
  • 0.04% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% West_African

K7b

  • 73.04% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 14.34% West_Asian
  • 9.95% Southern
  • 1.70% Siberian
  • 0.97% South_Asian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% East_Asian

K10a

  • 61.52% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 25.39% Mediterranean
  • 10.50% West_Asian
  • 1.40% Siberian
  • 1.18% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

K12b

  • 42.57% North_European
  • 36.67% Atlantic_Med
  • 12.29% Gedrosia
  • 7.08% Caucasus
  • 1.38% Siberian
  • 0.01% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 53.36% West_European
  • 23.45% Mediterranean
  • 11.04% West_Asian
  • 10.23% East_European
  • 1.45% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.47% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 50.51% West-Eurasian
  • 29.80% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 17.64% Caucasian
  • 1.42% East-Eurasian
  • 0.62% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 47.09% West-Eurasian
  • 24.91% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 15.67% Caucasian
  • 12.29% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.03% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Euroasian

MDLP K=7

  • 47.44% West-Eurasian
  • 24.47% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 14.58% Caucasian
  • 7.59% Volga-Uralic
  • 5.89% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.03% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=8

  • 37.37% East-European
  • 27.09% West-European
  • 13.42% Caucasian
  • 11.89% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 6.89% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.31% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.03% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=9

  • 36.71% East-European
  • 26.64% West-European
  • 13.18% Caucasian
  • 12.84% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 6.91% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.37% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.32% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=10

  • 28.18% East-European
  • 26.97% British
  • 13.16% Iberian
  • 11.48% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 9.87% Caucasian
  • 6.74% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.25% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.33% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=11

  • 28.12% East-European
  • 26.50% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.78% Iberian
  • 11.42% Mediterranean
  • 9.65% Caucasian
  • 5.08% Uralic-Permic
  • 3.08% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.04% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.32% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=12

  • 25.12% Celto-Germanic
  • 24.41% East-European
  • 12.32% Iberian
  • 10.83% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 9.08% Balto-Finnic
  • 9.01% Caucasian
  • 4.99% Uralic-Permic
  • 2.68% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.34% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.19% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.01% South-Central Asian
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic

MDLP K=13

  • 21.24% Altaic
  • 19.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 15.76% Celto-Germanic
  • 10.41% Mediterrean
  • 8.92% East-European
  • 5.89% East-Mediterranean
  • 5.83% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.57% Baltic-Finnic
  • 2.80% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.07% Uralic-Permic
  • 1.85% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.36% Caucasian
  • 1.31% Iberian

MDLP K=14

  • 23.74% Celto-Germanic
  • 22.20% Balto-Slavic
  • 13.98% Mediterranean
  • 11.06% Iberian
  • 8.72% Balto-Finnic
  • 6.75% Caucasian
  • 4.81% Uralic-Permic
  • 4.41% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 2.75% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.32% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.18% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.07% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=15

  • 23.68% Celto-Germanic
  • 22.38% Balto-Slavic
  • 13.77% Balkanic-1
  • 10.98% Iberian
  • 8.70% Balto-Finnic
  • 6.87% Caucasian
  • 4.87% Uralic-Permic
  • 4.27% West-Mediterranean
  • 2.92% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.33% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.15% Balkanic-2
  • 0.08% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% West-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 50.45% North-East-European
  • 28.43% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 9.03% West-Asian
  • 5.30% Indo-Iranian
  • 4.51% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 2.20% Mesoamerican
  • 0.08% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 50.00% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 17.41% West_European_HG
  • 11.97% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 7.88% Caucasian-Basal
  • 3.91% Uralic
  • 3.33% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 2.72% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.72% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.60% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.57% Amerindian
  • 0.39% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.14% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.10% Archaic_African
  • 0.10% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.08% South_East_Asian
  • 0.05% Circumpolar
  • 0.03% African_Sub_Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 32.47% East_European
  • 26.02% North_West_European
  • 10.66% Caucasian
  • 8.86% Mediterranean
  • 8.23% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.86% South_Central_Asian
  • 4.45% Sami-Finnic
  • 1.47% East_Siberian
  • 1.25% South_Indian
  • 1.13% Amerindian
  • 0.57% Roma
  • 0.02% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Siberian

MDLP K23b

  • 38.77% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 24.54% European_Early_Farmers
  • 20.46% Caucasian
  • 9.47% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 2.99% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.88% Amerindian
  • 0.82% North-African
  • 0.62% Near-East
  • 0.39% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.29% East-Siberian
  • 0.16% Austronesian
  • 0.15% Arctic
  • 0.15% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.12% Khoisan
  • 0.06% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.04% Altaiс
  • 0.04% South-East-Asian
  • 0.02% African-Pygmy
  • 0.02% Austroloid
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% Archaic-Human
  • 0.00% East-African
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a Unetice genome

Below are the results of analyses of the sample I0114 from the Unetice culture in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. The sample is dated to 2131–1979 BC.

I0114 belonged to Y haplogroup I2a2 and mitochondrial haplogroup I3a.

I0114 had a significant amount of the K12b Gedrosia component. We know from my analyses of early Y hg I people like Loschbour, the Motala hunter-gatherers, KO1, and Ajvide 58 that such people did not originally carry any of the Gedrosia component. The Y hg I people of the Unetice culture in Germany must have absorbed this component from the Y hg R1 people who also inhabited Germany.

globe4

  • 93.02% European
  • 6.98% Amerindian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% Asian

globe10

  • 74.57% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 11.70% West_Asian
  • 10.22% Southern
  • 2.78% South_Asian
  • 0.71% Siberian
  • 0.02% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 55.28% North_European
  • 28.65% Mediterranean
  • 10.63% West_Asian
  • 3.45% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.90% South_Asian
  • 0.07% East_African
  • 0.02% Siberian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% West_African

K7b

  • 70.24% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 14.62% West_Asian
  • 13.34% Southern
  • 1.13% South_Asian
  • 0.67% Siberian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% East_Asian

K10a

  • 61.72% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 24.93% Mediterranean
  • 10.61% West_Asian
  • 1.97% Red_Sea
  • 0.63% South_Asian
  • 0.14% Siberian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

K12b

  • 43.87% North_European
  • 34.36% Atlantic_Med
  • 11.94% Gedrosia
  • 5.24% Caucasus
  • 3.68% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.60% Northwest_African
  • 0.21% East_African
  • 0.06% South_Asian
  • 0.05% Siberian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 53.45% West_European
  • 24.43% Mediterranean
  • 12.79% East_European
  • 4.77% West_Asian
  • 2.68% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.89% South_Asian
  • 0.52% Neo_African
  • 0.44% East_African
  • 0.02% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 46.30% West-Eurasian
  • 34.22% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 13.39% Caucasian
  • 3.25% South-Asian
  • 2.84% East-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 45.71% West-Eurasian
  • 29.43% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 12.04% Caucasian
  • 9.34% North-West-Eurasian
  • 2.76% South-Asian
  • 0.72% East-Euroasian

MDLP K=7

  • 45.91% West-Eurasian
  • 28.61% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.90% Caucasian
  • 7.50% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.81% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.66% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.62% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=8

  • 38.05% West-European
  • 31.47% East-European
  • 14.59% Caucasian
  • 7.03% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 3.75% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.77% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.64% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.71% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=9

  • 38.07% West-European
  • 30.21% East-European
  • 14.35% Caucasian
  • 7.54% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 3.72% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.71% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.61% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.09% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.69% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=10

  • 43.83% British
  • 17.52% East-European
  • 12.47% Iberian
  • 8.67% Caucasian
  • 8.18% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 3.44% Paleo-North-European
  • 2.62% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.35% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.13% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.79% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=11

  • 43.79% Celto-Germanic
  • 17.36% East-European
  • 11.55% Iberian
  • 8.50% Caucasian
  • 8.17% Mediterranean
  • 3.42% Paleo-North-European
  • 2.78% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.57% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.11% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.60% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.15% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 42.38% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.75% East-European
  • 11.01% Iberian
  • 7.94% Caucasian
  • 7.71% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 6.68% Balto-Finnic
  • 2.73% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.70% Paleo-North-European
  • 2.59% South-Central Asian
  • 1.01% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.42% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.09% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 23.64% Altaic
  • 15.60% Celto-Germanic
  • 15.22% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 12.94% Mediterrean
  • 6.83% South-Central-Asian
  • 6.64% East-European
  • 5.41% East-Mediterranean
  • 4.30% Baltic-Finnic
  • 4.29% Iberian
  • 3.20% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.71% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.19% Caucasian
  • 0.03% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=14

  • 39.26% Celto-Germanic
  • 13.81% Balto-Slavic
  • 9.34% Iberian
  • 7.74% Mediterranean
  • 6.39% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.16% Caucasian
  • 5.62% Balto-Finnic
  • 2.74% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.62% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 2.60% Volga-Finnic
  • 2.34% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.94% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.38% Altaic
  • 0.06% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=15

  • 39.39% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.00% Balto-Slavic
  • 9.18% Iberian
  • 7.70% Balkanic-1
  • 6.33% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.06% Caucasian
  • 5.64% Balto-Finnic
  • 2.56% Paleo-North-European
  • 2.40% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.33% West-Mediterranean
  • 2.28% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.17% East-Altaic
  • 0.95% Balkanic-2
  • 0.03% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.01% West-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 46.70% North-East-European
  • 32.09% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 9.46% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 5.94% West-Asian
  • 2.95% Indo-Iranian
  • 2.54% Indian
  • 0.24% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.08% Samoedic
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 49.47% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 19.32% West_European_HG
  • 12.98% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 7.24% Caucasian-Basal
  • 3.37% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 2.59% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 1.35% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 1.28% Uralic
  • 0.89% Amerindian
  • 0.47% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.29% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.29% Circumpolar
  • 0.18% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.10% Archaic_African
  • 0.10% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.05% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.04% South_East_Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 31.88% East_European
  • 29.64% North_West_European
  • 8.32% Mediterranean
  • 7.12% Caucasian
  • 6.15% Roma
  • 5.76% South_Central_Asian
  • 4.76% Sami-Finnic
  • 2.62% West_Siberian
  • 1.94% Amerindian
  • 1.04% East_African
  • 0.76% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.01% Arctic
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian

MDLP K23b

  • 37.38% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 23.53% European_Early_Farmers
  • 20.54% Caucasian
  • 9.46% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 5.65% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.74% Amerindian
  • 0.66% Near-East
  • 0.39% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.34% African-Pygmy
  • 0.29% Archaic-Human
  • 0.28% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.18% North-African
  • 0.14% Arctic
  • 0.14% East-Siberian
  • 0.13% Austroloid
  • 0.08% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.03% East-African
  • 0.02% Austronesian
  • 0.01% Khoisan
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of an early Neolithic genome from Spain

Below are the results of analyses of the sample I0410 from the early Neolithic Epicardial culture, found at the Pyrenean cave site of Els Trocs in Spain. The sample is dated to 5178–5066 BC.

I0410 belonged to Y haplogroup R1b1*(xR1b1a1, R1b1a2, R1b1c2, R1b1c3) and mitochondrial haplogroup pre-T2c1d2.

I0410 had large amounts of the K12b Atlantic Med and Caucasus components, which is typical for Europe’s first farmers. While all of the other samples from prehistoric Europe belonging to Y haplogroup R1 have shown a significant amount of the K12b Gedrosia component, I0410 didn’t have any of it. I think that after originating in the western Gravettians or their descendants, R1b1 people spread from Western Europe to, among other places, the eastern Mediterranean. There, over the course of many thousands of years, R1b1 Y chromosomes would loose their association with Gravettian autosomal DNA, which included a large amount of the Gedrosia component. People carrying these R1b1 Y chromosomes, like I0410, would then spread across Europe from the eastern Mediterranean during the early Neolithic.

globe4

  • 100.00% European
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Asian

globe10

  • 57.08% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 42.91% Southern
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

globe13

  • 78.11% Mediterranean
  • 12.01% North_European
  • 9.78% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.09% Australasian
  • 0.01% West_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% West_African

K7b

  • 52.44% Southern
  • 47.56% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K10a

  • 76.48% Mediterranean
  • 22.69% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 0.83% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K12b

  • 74.26% Atlantic_Med
  • 18.37% Caucasus
  • 3.70% Southwest_Asian
  • 3.67% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% North_European
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 67.94% Mediterranean
  • 22.30% West_European
  • 4.09% West_Asian
  • 4.07% Northwest_African
  • 1.60% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_European
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 76.04% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 23.95% Caucasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Eurasian
  • 0.00% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 75.28% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 24.70% Caucasian
  • 0.02% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Euroasian
  • 0.00% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.00% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=7

  • 75.11% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 24.87% Caucasian
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=8

  • 65.10% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 28.16% West-European
  • 6.72% Caucasian
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=9

  • 66.19% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 24.72% West-European
  • 7.17% Caucasian
  • 1.91% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=10

  • 63.23% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 20.68% Iberian
  • 9.61% British
  • 4.60% Caucasian
  • 1.87% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=11

  • 63.32% Mediterranean
  • 20.05% Iberian
  • 10.39% Celto-Germanic
  • 4.37% Caucasian
  • 1.85% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=12

  • 62.82% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 20.20% Iberian
  • 11.08% Celto-Germanic
  • 4.03% Caucasian
  • 1.86% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central Asian
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=13

  • 20.37% Altaic
  • 16.54% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.14% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.01% East-Mediterranean
  • 9.62% South-Central-Asian
  • 7.32% Mediterrean
  • 5.95% East-European
  • 5.78% Baltic-Finnic
  • 5.71% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.94% Iberian
  • 1.36% Caucasian
  • 0.26% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European

MDLP K=14

  • 40.33% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 33.80% Mediterranean
  • 11.13% Iberian
  • 6.92% Celto-Germanic
  • 6.67% East-Mediterranean
  • 1.15% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Balto-Slavic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=15

  • 40.17% West-Mediterranean
  • 33.94% Balkanic-1
  • 11.10% Iberian
  • 6.99% Celto-Germanic
  • 6.67% East-Mediterranean
  • 1.13% Balkanic-2
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Balto-Slavic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 65.00% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 22.36% Near_East
  • 12.63% North-East-European
  • 0.01% West-Asian
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 61.62% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 32.96% West_European_HG
  • 3.94% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 1.24% Caucasian-Basal
  • 0.07% Uralic
  • 0.06% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.05% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.01% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.01% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.01% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.01% Archaic_African
  • 0.01% Circumpolar
  • 0.01% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.00% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 54.75% Mediterranean
  • 39.90% North_West_European
  • 3.87% Afroasiatic
  • 0.73% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.70% Caucasian
  • 0.05% Roma
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_European
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.00% South_Central_Asian
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West_Siberian

MDLP K23b

  • 64.99% European_Early_Farmers
  • 20.88% Caucasian
  • 8.64% North-African
  • 4.88% Near-East
  • 0.58% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 0.02% Austroloid
  • 0.01% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.00% African-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.00% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.00% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% Archaic-Human
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-African
  • 0.00% East-Siberian
  • 0.00% Khoisan
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
Posted in Uncategorized

Two pigmentation SNPs from prehistoric Europe

Below are the genotypes for the SNP rs1042602 in the gene TYR for prehistoric European samples. The derived A allele of this SNP is associated with light skin and an absence of freckles. As the graph here shows, the derived allele has a frequency of around 25–50% in modern European populations. The derived allele is absent in the hunter-gatherer samples and the Yamna samples, but it appears in some of the early Neolithic samples, and it is found later in the Bell Beaker, Corded Ware, and Unetice samples.

AG2                     AG2            --
Alberstedt_LN           I0118          CC
Baalberge_MN            I0559          CC
Baalberge_MN            I0560          --
Baalberge_MN            I0807          --
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0060          --
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0108          CC
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0111          CC
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0112          AA
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0113          CC
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0806          --
BenzigerodeHeimburg_LN  I0058          CC
BenzigerodeHeimburg_LN  I0059          --
BenzigerodeHeimburg_LN  I0171          --
Corded_Ware_LN          I0049          CC
Corded_Ware_LN          I0103          AA
Corded_Ware_LN          I0104          CC
Corded_Ware_LN          I0106          --
Esperstedt_MN           I0172          AA
Halberstadt_LBA         I0099          CC
HungaryGamba_BA         BR1            CC
HungaryGamba_BA         BR2            CC
HungaryGamba_CA         CO1            CC
HungaryGamba_EN         KO2            --
HungaryGamba_EN         NE1            CC
HungaryGamba_EN         NE2            AA
HungaryGamba_EN         NE3            --
HungaryGamba_EN         NE4            --
HungaryGamba_EN         NE5            AA
HungaryGamba_EN         NE6            CC
HungaryGamba_EN         NE7            CC
HungaryGamba_HG         KO1            CC
HungaryGamba_IA         IR1            CC
Iceman                  Iceman         CC
Karelia_HG              I0061          CC
Karsdorf_LN             I0550          --
Kostenki14              Kostenki14     CC
LaBrana1                LaBrana1       CC
LBK_EN                  I0022          CC
LBK_EN                  I0025          CC
LBK_EN                  I0026          CC
LBK_EN                  I0046          CC
LBK_EN                  I0048          --
LBK_EN                  I0054          CC
LBK_EN                  I0056          CC
LBK_EN                  I0057          --
LBK_EN                  I0100          CC
LBK_EN                  I0659          CC
LBK_EN                  I0795          CC
LBK_EN                  I0821          --
LBKT_EN                 I0176          --
Loschbour               Loschbour      CC
MA1                     MA1            CC
Motala_HG               I0011          CC
Motala_HG               I0012          CC
Motala_HG               I0013          CC
Motala_HG               I0014          CC
Motala_HG               I0015          CC
Motala_HG               I0016          CC
Motala_HG               I0017          CC
Samara_HG               I0124          CC
Spain_EN                I0409          CC
Spain_EN                I0410          CC
Spain_EN                I0411          CC
Spain_EN                I0412          CC
Spain_EN                I0413          CC
Spain_MN                I0405          CC
Spain_MN                I0406          CC
Spain_MN                I0407          CC
Spain_MN                I0408          CC
Starcevo_EN             I0174          --
Stuttgart               Stuttgart      AC
SwedenSkoglund_MHG      StoraForvar11  --
SwedenSkoglund_MN       Gokhem2        CC
SwedenSkoglund_MN       Gokhem4        --
SwedenSkoglund_MN       Gokhem5        --
SwedenSkoglund_MN       Gokhem7        --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide52       --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide53       --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide58       CC
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide59       --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide70       --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ire8           --
Unetice_EBA             I0047          CC
Unetice_EBA             I0114          --
Unetice_EBA             I0115          AA
Unetice_EBA             I0116          CC
Unetice_EBA             I0117          AA
Unetice_EBA             I0164          CC
Unetice_EBA             I0803          CC
Unetice_EBA             I0804          --
Yamnaya                 I0231          CC
Yamnaya                 I0357          CC
Yamnaya                 I0370          CC
Yamnaya                 I0429          CC
Yamnaya                 I0438          CC
Yamnaya                 I0439          CC
Yamnaya                 I0441          --
Yamnaya                 I0443          CC
Yamnaya                 I0444          --

Next are the genotypes for the SNP rs1393350, also in the gene TYR. The derived A allele of this SNP is associated with blond hair and blue eyes. The graph here shows that the derived allele has a frequency of around 25% in modern European populations. Here again, the derived allele is absent in the hunter-gatherer samples and the Yamna samples. It first appears in a sample from the early Neolithic Linear Pottery culture. It is absent in the Corded Ware and Unetice samples, but it is common in the Bell Beaker samples. The Bell Beaker people, belonging to Y haplogroup R1b-P312, spoke a language ancestral to the Celtic and Italic languages. Blond hair was common among the Celts, and, as noted in the articles by Karl Earlson here and here, blond hair and blue eyes were also common among the elite of ancient Rome.

AG2                     AG2            --
Alberstedt_LN           I0118          GG
Baalberge_MN            I0559          --
Baalberge_MN            I0560          --
Baalberge_MN            I0807          --
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0060          --
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0108          AA
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0111          GG
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0112          AA
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0113          AA
Bell_Beaker_LN          I0806          --
BenzigerodeHeimburg_LN  I0058          --
BenzigerodeHeimburg_LN  I0059          GG
BenzigerodeHeimburg_LN  I0171          GG
Corded_Ware_LN          I0049          GG
Corded_Ware_LN          I0103          GG
Corded_Ware_LN          I0104          GG
Corded_Ware_LN          I0106          --
Esperstedt_MN           I0172          GG
Halberstadt_LBA         I0099          AA
HungaryGamba_BA         BR1            GG
HungaryGamba_BA         BR2            GG
HungaryGamba_CA         CO1            GG
HungaryGamba_EN         KO2            --
HungaryGamba_EN         NE1            GG
HungaryGamba_EN         NE2            --
HungaryGamba_EN         NE3            --
HungaryGamba_EN         NE4            --
HungaryGamba_EN         NE5            GG
HungaryGamba_EN         NE6            --
HungaryGamba_EN         NE7            GG
HungaryGamba_HG         KO1            GG
HungaryGamba_IA         IR1            AA
Iceman                  Iceman         GG
Karelia_HG              I0061          GG
Karsdorf_LN             I0550          AA
Kostenki14              Kostenki14     GG
LaBrana1                LaBrana1       GG
LBK_EN                  I0022          --
LBK_EN                  I0025          GG
LBK_EN                  I0026          GG
LBK_EN                  I0046          GG
LBK_EN                  I0048          GG
LBK_EN                  I0054          AA
LBK_EN                  I0056          GG
LBK_EN                  I0057          GG
LBK_EN                  I0100          GG
LBK_EN                  I0659          --
LBK_EN                  I0795          --
LBK_EN                  I0821          --
LBKT_EN                 I0176          --
Loschbour               Loschbour      GG
MA1                     MA1            --
Motala_HG               I0011          GG
Motala_HG               I0012          GG
Motala_HG               I0013          GG
Motala_HG               I0014          GG
Motala_HG               I0015          GG
Motala_HG               I0016          GG
Motala_HG               I0017          GG
Samara_HG               I0124          --
Spain_EN                I0409          GG
Spain_EN                I0410          GG
Spain_EN                I0411          --
Spain_EN                I0412          GG
Spain_EN                I0413          GG
Spain_MN                I0405          --
Spain_MN                I0406          GG
Spain_MN                I0407          --
Spain_MN                I0408          GG
Starcevo_EN             I0174          GG
Stuttgart               Stuttgart      GG
SwedenSkoglund_MHG      StoraForvar11  --
SwedenSkoglund_MN       Gokhem2        GG
SwedenSkoglund_MN       Gokhem4        --
SwedenSkoglund_MN       Gokhem5        --
SwedenSkoglund_MN       Gokhem7        --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide52       --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide53       --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide58       GG
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide59       --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ajvide70       --
SwedenSkoglund_NHG      Ire8           --
Unetice_EBA             I0047          GG
Unetice_EBA             I0114          GG
Unetice_EBA             I0115          --
Unetice_EBA             I0116          GG
Unetice_EBA             I0117          GG
Unetice_EBA             I0164          GG
Unetice_EBA             I0803          --
Unetice_EBA             I0804          GG
Yamnaya                 I0231          GG
Yamnaya                 I0357          GG
Yamnaya                 I0370          GG
Yamnaya                 I0429          GG
Yamnaya                 I0438          --
Yamnaya                 I0439          --
Yamnaya                 I0441          --
Yamnaya                 I0443          GG
Yamnaya                 I0444          --
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a Bell Beaker genome

Below are the results of analyses of the sample I0806 from the Bell Beaker culture in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. The sample is dated to 2296–2206 BC.

I0806 belonged to Y haplogroup R1b1a2a1a2-P312 and mitochondrial haplogroup H1.

I0806 had large amounts of the MDLP Iberian components, which confirms the long-standing and widely held belief among archeologists that the Bell Beaker culture originated in Iberia and spread north and east from there.

globe4

  • 88.39% European
  • 10.03% Amerindian
  • 0.88% African
  • 0.70% Asian

globe10

  • 76.74% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 9.29% Southern
  • 6.52% West_Asian
  • 4.98% Siberian
  • 1.30% South_Asian
  • 0.86% Neo_African
  • 0.28% Australasian
  • 0.03% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 57.84% North_European
  • 27.43% Mediterranean
  • 6.17% West_Asian
  • 4.16% Arctic
  • 2.77% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.86% West_African
  • 0.55% Siberian
  • 0.18% Australasian
  • 0.03% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

K7b

  • 72.64% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 12.41% Southern
  • 11.09% West_Asian
  • 2.93% Siberian
  • 0.91% African
  • 0.01% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian

K10a

  • 64.97% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 23.53% Mediterranean
  • 7.13% West_Asian
  • 3.40% Siberian
  • 0.89% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.08% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

K12b

  • 46.80% North_European
  • 34.63% Atlantic_Med
  • 9.62% Gedrosia
  • 3.28% Southwest_Asian
  • 2.71% Caucasus
  • 2.13% Siberian
  • 0.83% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

dv3

  • 61.53% West_European
  • 19.21% Mediterranean
  • 8.94% East_European
  • 5.29% Southwest_Asian
  • 2.61% West_Asian
  • 1.72% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.69% Neo_African
  • 0.01% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 50.42% West-Eurasian
  • 32.83% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 14.92% Caucasian
  • 1.83% East-Eurasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 49.44% West-Eurasian
  • 27.76% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 12.97% Caucasian
  • 9.82% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.01% East-Euroasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian

MDLP K=7

  • 50.07% West-Eurasian
  • 27.67% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.22% Caucasian
  • 10.49% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.55% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=8

  • 37.95% West-European
  • 35.25% East-European
  • 15.27% Caucasian
  • 7.76% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.76% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=9

  • 37.65% West-European
  • 34.51% East-European
  • 14.80% Caucasian
  • 7.76% Volga-Finnic
  • 5.28% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.01% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=10

  • 29.24% British
  • 25.82% East-European
  • 25.50% Iberian
  • 11.08% Caucasian
  • 7.14% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.22% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=11

  • 28.82% Celto-Germanic
  • 25.92% East-European
  • 25.27% Iberian
  • 11.04% Caucasian
  • 4.63% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.38% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.94% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=12

  • 27.51% Celto-Germanic
  • 24.76% Iberian
  • 22.26% East-European
  • 10.51% Caucasian
  • 7.12% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.04% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.97% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.83% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central Asian

MDLP K=13

  • 21.57% Altaic
  • 17.77% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 13.07% Mediterrean
  • 10.94% Celto-Germanic
  • 8.36% East-Mediterranean
  • 8.19% South-Central-Asian
  • 7.45% East-European
  • 5.61% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.62% Iberian
  • 1.91% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.29% Baltic-Finnic
  • 1.21% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=14

  • 25.18% Iberian
  • 24.83% Celto-Germanic
  • 20.41% Balto-Slavic
  • 10.75% Caucasian
  • 7.29% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.89% Mediterranean
  • 3.84% Volga-Finnic
  • 2.55% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.26% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=15

  • 24.94% Celto-Germanic
  • 24.93% Iberian
  • 20.61% Balto-Slavic
  • 10.72% Caucasian
  • 7.29% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.66% Balkanic-1
  • 4.01% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.62% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.21% West-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Balkanic-2
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% West-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 51.38% North-East-European
  • 23.48% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 10.32% West-Asian
  • 6.44% North-Siberean
  • 4.42% Near_East
  • 1.36% Austronesian
  • 1.30% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.66% North-Amerind
  • 0.57% Melanesian
  • 0.05% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.02% South-African
  • 0.01% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 46.25% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 24.66% West_European_HG
  • 10.67% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 7.39% Caucasian-Basal
  • 4.32% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 2.65% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.81% Uralic
  • 0.80% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.54% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.51% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.47% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.45% Amerindian
  • 0.21% Circumpolar
  • 0.19% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.04% South_East_Asian
  • 0.02% Archaic_African
  • 0.02% Near-East-Basal

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 35.30% North_West_European
  • 29.15% East_European
  • 12.22% Caucasian
  • 6.97% West_Siberian
  • 4.81% Mediterranean
  • 4.36% Roma
  • 4.20% South_Central_Asian
  • 1.07% Arctic
  • 0.93% East_African
  • 0.93% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.06% South_Indian
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K23b

  • 34.77% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 23.13% European_Early_Farmers
  • 19.95% Caucasian
  • 12.00% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 7.85% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.56% Near-East
  • 0.54% Amerindian
  • 0.28% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.28% Arctic
  • 0.27% Austroloid
  • 0.19% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.09% East-Siberian
  • 0.06% North-African
  • 0.02% Archaic-Human
  • 0.00% African-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-African
  • 0.00% Khoisan
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a Corded Ware genome

Below are the results of analyses of the sample I0104 from the Corded Ware culture in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. The sample is dated to 2473–2348 BC.

I0104 belonged to Y haplogroup R1a1a1-M417* and mitochondrial haplogroup U4b1a1a1.

The K12b results are not what I expected. The Baltic and Slavic populations of modern-day Europe have the highest frequencies of R1a in Europe, and they also have the smallest amounts of the K12b Gedrosia component in Europe. And yet I0104 had a large amount of the Gedrosia component.

globe4

  • 91.31% European
  • 8.68% Amerindian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% Asian

globe10

  • 69.80% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 22.30% West_Asian
  • 4.53% South_Asian
  • 1.99% Southern
  • 0.73% Amerindian
  • 0.61% Australasian
  • 0.03% Neo_African
  • 0.01% Siberian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 59.64% North_European
  • 20.19% West_Asian
  • 16.85% Mediterranean
  • 2.40% South_Asian
  • 0.62% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.24% Australasian
  • 0.05% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% West_African

K7b

  • 66.02% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 27.10% West_Asian
  • 3.73% South_Asian
  • 3.13% Southern
  • 0.02% Siberian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% East_Asian

K10a

  • 62.56% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 21.75% West_Asian
  • 12.71% Mediterranean
  • 2.96% South_Asian
  • 0.02% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

K12b

  • 50.54% North_European
  • 21.94% Gedrosia
  • 20.47% Atlantic_Med
  • 6.82% Caucasus
  • 0.22% South_Asian
  • 0.02% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 48.97% West_European
  • 21.05% East_European
  • 15.65% West_Asian
  • 9.04% Mediterranean
  • 5.27% South_Asian
  • 0.02% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 57.45% West-Eurasian
  • 20.00% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 17.73% Caucasian
  • 3.38% East-Eurasian
  • 1.45% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 53.58% West-Eurasian
  • 15.65% Caucasian
  • 15.19% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 14.65% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.93% South-Asian
  • 0.01% East-Euroasian

MDLP K=7

  • 53.70% West-Eurasian
  • 15.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 13.50% Caucasian
  • 12.12% Volga-Uralic
  • 5.07% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.61% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=8

  • 42.99% East-European
  • 25.47% West-European
  • 15.94% Caucasian
  • 11.22% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.77% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 1.77% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.84% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=9

  • 41.78% East-European
  • 25.93% West-European
  • 15.73% Caucasian
  • 11.13% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.71% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 1.56% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 1.34% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.82% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=10

  • 33.78% British
  • 31.64% East-European
  • 11.81% Caucasian
  • 10.94% Volga-Finnic
  • 5.34% Iberian
  • 3.03% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 1.56% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.41% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.51% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=11

  • 33.39% Celto-Germanic
  • 30.90% East-European
  • 11.51% Caucasian
  • 7.12% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.56% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.87% Iberian
  • 3.04% Mediterranean
  • 1.39% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.93% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.28% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=12

  • 32.85% Celto-Germanic
  • 30.27% East-European
  • 10.70% Caucasian
  • 6.89% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.38% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.37% Iberian
  • 3.20% Balto-Finnic
  • 2.53% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 1.42% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.29% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.10% South-Central Asian
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic

MDLP K=13

  • 22.81% Altaic
  • 16.79% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 15.48% Celto-Germanic
  • 9.55% Mediterrean
  • 8.57% East-Mediterranean
  • 7.53% Baltic-Finnic
  • 6.37% Iberian
  • 5.27% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.44% East-European
  • 3.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.51% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.36% Caucasian
  • 0.33% Paleo-North-European

MDLP K=14

  • 29.92% Celto-Germanic
  • 27.92% Balto-Slavic
  • 9.67% Caucasian
  • 8.91% Mediterranean
  • 6.74% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.02% Volga-Finnic
  • 4.37% Iberian
  • 2.88% Balto-Finnic
  • 1.52% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 1.19% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.84% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.04% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=15

  • 29.89% Celto-Germanic
  • 28.00% Balto-Slavic
  • 9.64% Caucasian
  • 8.76% Balkanic-1
  • 6.87% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.13% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.18% Iberian
  • 2.97% Balto-Finnic
  • 1.55% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.16% Balkanic-2
  • 0.79% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.04% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% West-Altaic
  • 0.00% West-Mediterranean

MDLP World-22

  • 46.94% North-East-European
  • 19.45% West-Asian
  • 15.91% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 7.95% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 7.17% Indo-Iranian
  • 1.05% Samoedic
  • 0.84% North-Amerind
  • 0.45% Austronesian
  • 0.13% Near_East
  • 0.12% South-African
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 50.33% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 13.48% West_European_HG
  • 11.99% Caucasian-Basal
  • 9.51% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 4.59% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 2.78% Uralic
  • 2.41% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 1.71% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 1.40% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.64% Circumpolar
  • 0.50% Amerindian
  • 0.39% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.09% Archaic_African
  • 0.09% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.03% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.03% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.01% South_East_Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 33.16% East_European
  • 23.69% North_West_European
  • 13.69% South_Central_Asian
  • 12.40% Caucasian
  • 6.65% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.12% Sami-Finnic
  • 2.65% Afroasiatic
  • 1.96% South_Indian
  • 1.13% Amerindian
  • 1.02% West_Siberian
  • 0.35% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.11% Archaic_African
  • 0.06% Roma
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian

MDLP K23b

  • 40.65% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 20.53% Caucasian
  • 17.18% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 10.56% European_Early_Farmers
  • 9.23% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.69% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.29% North-African
  • 0.22% Amerindian
  • 0.21% Near-East
  • 0.11% Arctic
  • 0.06% Archaic-Human
  • 0.06% Khoisan
  • 0.05% Altaiс
  • 0.05% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.02% African-Pygmy
  • 0.02% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.02% South-East-Asian
  • 0.01% Archaic-African
  • 0.01% Austroloid
  • 0.01% Austronesian
  • 0.01% East-African
  • 0.01% East-Siberian
  • 0.01% Subsaharian
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a Yamna genome

Below are the results of analyses of the sample I0231 from the Yamna culture in Samara, Russia, near the Volga River. The sample is dated to 2910–2875 BC.

I0231 belonged to Y haplogroup R1b1a2a2-Z2103 and mitochondrial haplogroup U4a1.

The K12b results contradict the claim by David Reich and his associates that the Yamna people had a large amount of Armenian-like admixture. The largest K12b component for Armenians is the Caucasus component (55.7–59.8%), but I0231 only had 2.12% of the Caucasus component.

globe4

  • 81.28% European
  • 18.32% Amerindian
  • 0.40% Asian
  • 0.00% African

globe10

  • 59.32% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 25.70% West_Asian
  • 6.79% Amerindian
  • 4.88% South_Asian
  • 3.31% Siberian
  • 0.01% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southern

globe13

  • 62.21% North_European
  • 24.62% West_Asian
  • 5.57% Arctic
  • 3.18% Amerindian
  • 3.01% South_Asian
  • 1.42% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_African

K7b

  • 60.23% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 29.33% West_Asian
  • 5.24% South_Asian
  • 5.19% Siberian
  • 0.00% African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern

K10a

  • 66.34% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 23.92% West_Asian
  • 5.43% Siberian
  • 4.31% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

K12b

  • 60.18% North_European
  • 26.29% Gedrosia
  • 4.89% Atlantic_Med
  • 4.50% Siberian
  • 2.12% Caucasus
  • 2.02% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 49.08% West_European
  • 20.88% East_European
  • 17.42% West_Asian
  • 8.42% South_Asian
  • 3.74% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.47% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Neo_African
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 63.45% West-Eurasian
  • 19.25% Caucasian
  • 12.72% East-Eurasian
  • 3.10% South-Asian
  • 1.49% Paleo-mediterranean

MDLP K=6

  • 54.06% West-Eurasian
  • 22.73% North-West-Eurasian
  • 15.92% Caucasian
  • 5.34% East-Euroasian
  • 1.96% South-Asian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=7

  • 54.10% West-Eurasian
  • 17.02% Volga-Uralic
  • 13.56% Caucasian
  • 9.69% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 3.97% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.67% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=8

  • 41.70% East-European
  • 18.47% Caucasian
  • 15.32% Volga-Finnic
  • 14.80% West-European
  • 5.48% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 4.21% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=9

  • 39.92% East-European
  • 18.12% Caucasian
  • 16.38% West-European
  • 15.25% Volga-Finnic
  • 5.37% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 4.21% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.73% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=10

  • 32.88% British
  • 28.15% East-European
  • 14.63% Volga-Finnic
  • 14.43% Caucasian
  • 4.78% Paleo-North-European
  • 4.42% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.70% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.03% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=11

  • 31.59% Celto-Germanic
  • 27.77% East-European
  • 14.20% Caucasian
  • 10.36% Uralic-Permic
  • 7.32% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.47% Paleo-North-European
  • 3.63% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.64% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean

MDLP K=12

  • 30.02% Celto-Germanic
  • 21.21% East-European
  • 13.41% Caucasian
  • 12.27% Balto-Finnic
  • 10.15% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.68% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.48% Alatic-Turkic
  • 2.24% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.52% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central Asian
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=13

  • 23.66% Altaic
  • 17.70% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 15.90% Celto-Germanic
  • 10.60% Mediterrean
  • 8.30% East-Mediterranean
  • 7.07% East-European
  • 5.10% Iberian
  • 3.27% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.54% Baltic-Finnic
  • 2.54% Paleo-North-European
  • 2.45% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.85% Caucasian
  • 0.02% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=14

  • 28.86% Celto-Germanic
  • 20.82% Balto-Slavic
  • 15.69% Caucasian
  • 11.95% Balto-Finnic
  • 9.94% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.51% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.59% Altaic
  • 2.05% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.56% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.03% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=15

  • 28.53% Celto-Germanic
  • 20.88% Balto-Slavic
  • 15.57% Caucasian
  • 11.84% Balto-Finnic
  • 9.73% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.20% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.36% East-Altaic
  • 2.03% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.57% Balkanic-2
  • 0.26% West-Altaic
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Balkanic-1
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% West-Mediterranean

MDLP World-22

  • 50.74% North-East-European
  • 20.67% West-Asian
  • 9.29% Samoedic
  • 7.72% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 4.46% Indo-Iranian
  • 2.09% South-America_Amerind
  • 1.67% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 1.66% Indian
  • 1.40% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.31% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 46.02% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 14.40% Caucasian-Basal
  • 9.65% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 8.93% Uralic
  • 7.46% West_European_HG
  • 4.49% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 4.46% Amerindian
  • 1.43% Circumpolar
  • 1.41% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 1.10% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.30% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.18% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.08% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 0.03% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.03% South_East_Asian
  • 0.01% Archaic_African
  • 0.01% Near-East-Basal

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 32.02% East_European
  • 15.50% Volga-Uralic
  • 14.19% Caucasian
  • 13.50% South_Central_Asian
  • 12.58% North_West_European
  • 4.43% Amerindian
  • 3.18% West_Siberian
  • 2.56% Arctic
  • 1.86% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.15% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.02% South_Indian
  • 0.01% Roma
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian

MDLP K23b

  • 40.79% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 22.72% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 16.45% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 14.88% Caucasian
  • 2.59% Amerindian
  • 1.13% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.76% Arctic
  • 0.31% European_Early_Farmers
  • 0.20% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.06% East-Siberian
  • 0.04% Austroloid
  • 0.04% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.01% East-African
  • 0.01% Near-East
  • 0.00% African-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% Archaic-Human
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% Khoisan
  • 0.00% North-African
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
Posted in Uncategorized
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.