K = 13 admixture analysis of Minoan and Mycenaean genomes

Below is a plot for a K = 13 admixture analysis that includes 19 new genomes, mostly from Minoan Crete and Mycenaean Greece. The table above the plot gives some information for these samples.

The new samples are mostly like the early European farmers, but with a significant amount of the Caucasus-related pine green component. The Minoan and Mycenaean samples have around 20% of this component.

The Mycenaean samples have about 10–13% of the medium blue Eastern European component, which is consistent with the Indo-European Greek language that they spoke.

The Late Bronze Age sample from Crete has 26.03% of the medium blue component, making it similar to modern Greeks and Cretans, except that it lacks the Natufian-related aqua green component present in the modern samples.

Sample Population Date BC
I2937 Neolithic Greece 5460–5378
I2499 Bronze Age Asia Minor 2836–2472
I2495 Bronze Age Asia Minor 2558–2295
I2683 Bronze Age Asia Minor 2500–1800
I9127 Minoan 2900–1900
I9128 Minoan 2900–1900
I9129 Minoan 2900–1900
I9130 Minoan 2900–1900
I9131 Minoan 2900–1900
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262
I9123 Late Bronze Age Crete 1370–1340

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Y-SNP calls from prehistoric Portugal

In the table below are links to Y-SNP calls for samples from prehistoric Portugal.

Sample Period Date BC Haplogroup
LC45 Middle Neolithic 4200–3500 I2a1b1-L161.1
CA117B Copper Age 3500–2000 I2a1b2-S26486
CA122A Copper Age 3500–2000 G2a2a1a3-FGC34625*
CM364 Copper Age 3500–2000 I2a1b1a-Y31653
DA96B Copper Age 3500–2000 I2a1a1a1b-F1295
MG104 Middle Bronze Age 1740–1430 R1b1a1a2a1a2-P312
TV32032 Middle Bronze Age 1740–1430 R1b1a1a2a1a-L151
TV3831 Middle Bronze Age 1740–1430 R1b1a1a2a1a2-P312
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K = 13 admixture analysis of Bronze Age Lebanese genomes

Below is a plot for a K = 13 admixture analysis that includes five Bronze Age samples from the city of Sidon in Lebanon. The table above the plot gives some information for these samples.

The Middle Bronze Age samples from Lebanon differ from the Early Bronze Age samples from Jordan in that they have a bit more of the Aegean-related light blue component, significantly more of the Caucasus-related pine green component, and significantly less of the Natufian-related aqua green component. They’re very similar to modern Levantine populations like the Druze, Lebanese, Syrians, Palestinians, and Jordanians, except that they lack the small amounts of Negroid and Eastern European admixture found in the modern populations.

Sample Period Date BC
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600

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Phenotype SNPs for Minoans and Mycenaeans

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for 19 Minoan, Mycenaean, Neolithic Greek, and Bronze Age Anatolian genomes. Nonzero derived allele counts are highlighted. Note that small derived allele counts may be due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs2424984, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 1/1
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 6/6
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 2/2
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 1/1
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 1/3
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 1/1
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 1/1

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 1/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 2/2
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 12/12
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 2/2
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 2/2
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 3/3
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 1/1

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/2
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/2
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/34
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/5
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/2
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/7
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/2
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/8
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/6
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/2
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 0/3
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/14
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/15

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/4
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/16
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/8
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/5
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/12
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/2
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/3
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/1
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/4
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/2
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/3

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I9130 Minoan 2900–1900 0/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/3
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/16
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/4
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/5
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/1
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/8
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/1
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/5
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/2
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/3

KITLG, rs642742, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 2/2
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 3/3

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/5
I9129 Minoan 2900–1900 0/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/12
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/130
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/31
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/3
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/15
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/9
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/5
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/7
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/13
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 0/2
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/20
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/40

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/5
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 3/6
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/77
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/19
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/2
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/14
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/3
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/6
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/4
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/12
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 0/1
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/17
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/42

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/3
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/5
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/24
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 3/5
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/2
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/8
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/3
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 2/3
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/4
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 2/3
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/6
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/9

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/9
I9131 Minoan 2900–1900 0/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/12
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/44
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/24
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/3
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/14
I9123 Late Minoan 1370–1340 0/4
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/1
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/4
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/13
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/8
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 1/3
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/6
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/22

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/4
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/8
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 3/119
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/26
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/1
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 1/11
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/4
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/4
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/8
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/9
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 0/1
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 1/20
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 2/44

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/4
I9129 Minoan 2900–1900 0/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/13
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 2/112
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 1/30
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/4
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 3/21
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/7
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/8
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/5
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 1/9
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 0/2
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/14
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/22

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/6
I9131 Minoan 2900–1900 0/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/8
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/45
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/14
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/4
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/24
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/6
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/12
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/5
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/20
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 0/4
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/19
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/37

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/1
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/2
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/1
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/1
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/2

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/7
I9129 Minoan 2900–1900 0/3
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/7
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/21
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/8
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/1
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/12
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/2
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/4
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/5
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/12
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 0/1
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/3
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/12

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 1/5
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/10
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/16
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/4
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/10
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 2/29
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 1/4
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/4
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/7
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/11
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/7
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 1/13

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/1
I9129 Minoan 2900–1900 0/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/1
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/22
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/4
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/1
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 0/4
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/3
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/4
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/6
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/4
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/1

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/4
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/4
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/28
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/5
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/6
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 2/8
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 4/9
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/2
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/11
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 1/1
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/4
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/2

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 2/2
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 11/11
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 4/4
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 4/4
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 5/5
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 4/4
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 9/9
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 6/6
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 9/9
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 2/2

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 2/3
I9130 Minoan 2900–1900 1/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 7/7
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/36
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 13/13
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 3/3
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 13/13
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 4/4
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 5/12
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 2/3
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 9/10
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 0/1
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 12/13
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 6/23

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/1
I9130 Minoan 2900–1900 0/1
I9131 Minoan 2900–1900 1/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 5/5
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 9/22
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 2/9
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 3/3
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 4/5
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 3/3
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 11/11
I2499 Bronze Age Anatolian 2836–2472 0/1
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 0/1
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/6

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample Population Date BC D/T
I2937 Neolithic Greek 5460–5378 0/3
I9130 Minoan 2900–1900 0/1
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 0/1
I0071 Minoan 2000–1700 0/13
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 0/6
I0074 Minoan 2000–1700 0/2
I9005 Minoan 2000–1700 1/19
I9010 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/3
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 0/2
I9033 Mycenaean 1416–1280 0/3
I9006 Mycenaean 1411–1262 0/5
I2495 Bronze Age Anatolian 2558–2295 1/1
I2683 Bronze Age Anatolian 2500–1800 0/5
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Y-SNP calls for Minoans and Mycenaeans

In the table below are links to Y-SNP calls for Minoan and Mycenaean samples, and also one Bronze Age sample from Asia Minor.

Sample Population Date BC Haplogroup
I9130 Minoan 2900–1900 G2a2b2a-CTS946
I0070 Minoan 2000–1700 J2a1d-M319*
I0073 Minoan 2000–1700 J2a1d-M319*
I9041 Mycenaean 1700–1200 J2a1-L26(xabcdeghi)
I2495 Anatolian 2558–2295 J1a2b-Z1828
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Phenotype SNPs from Bronze Age Lebanon

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for five Bronze Age genomes from the city of Sidon in Lebanon. Nonzero derived allele counts are highlighted. Note that small derived allele counts may be due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs2424984, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 3/5
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 2/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 1/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 2/2

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 4/5
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 1/3
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 4/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 2/2

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/4
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/1
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/3
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/1
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1

KITLG, rs642742, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 2/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 2/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 1/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 2/2

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/5
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/3
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 1/5

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 1/4
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/5

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/4
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/5
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/1
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 1/4
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/3
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/7

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/8
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/3
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 3/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 1/3

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 2/2
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 8/8
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 2/2
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 6/6

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/1
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 0/1
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/4
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/3
ERS1790731 Middle Bronze Age 1750 2/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/3
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/2

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790729 Middle Bronze Age 1750 0/2
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1

TYRP1, rs2733831, light hair and eyes

Sample Period Date BC D/T
ERS1790730 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 0/1
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Y-SNP calls from Bronze Age Lebanon

In the table below are links to Y-SNP calls for Bronze Age samples from the city of Sidon in Lebanon.

Sample Period Date BC Haplogroup
ERS1790733 Middle Bronze Age 1650 J1a2a1a2d2b2b2c4d-FGC11
ERS1790732 Middle Bronze Age 1600 J2b1-M205*
Posted in Uncategorized
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