Y-SNP calls from ancient Southeastern Europe

In the table below are links to Y-SNP calls for new DNA samples from ancient Europe, most of which are from Southeastern Europe.

Sample Country Culture Date BC Haplogroup
Iboussières 25-1 France Epipaleolithic 10,090–9460 I2~M438
Iboussières 31-2 France Epipaleolithic 10,090–9460 R1b1a~L754(x~V88)
I1819 Ukraine Mesolithic 8825–8561 R1a1~M459*
I1734 Ukraine Mesolithic 7446–7058 R1b1a2~V88
I4666 Serbia Lepenski Vir 6222–5912 R1b1a2~V88
I4439 Latvia Mesolithic 5763–5633 R1b1a1a~P297*
I4112 Ukraine Neolithic 5500–4800 R1b1a2~V88
I4114 Ukraine Neolithic 5473–5329 R1b1a2~V88*
I5891 Ukraine Neolithic 5465–5310 R1b1a2~V88
I5893 Ukraine Neolithic 5374–5226 R1b1a2~V88
I5892 Ukraine Neolithic 5301–4982 R1b1a~L754(xL388)
I5881 Ukraine Neolithic 5218–5059 R1b1a2~V88
ANI152 Bulgaria Varna 4683–4406 T~M184
ANI153 Bulgaria Varna 4551–4374 R1b1a2~V88
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Y-SNP calls for Bell Beaker genomes

In the table below are links to Y-SNP calls for DNA samples from Neolithic, Copper Age, and Bronze Age Europe, most of which are from the Bell Beaker culture.

Sample Country Culture Date BC Haplogroup
I0457 Spain Copper Age 2920–2340 I2~M438
I0261 Spain Bell Beaker 2850–2250 R1b1a2~V88
I0257 Spain Bell Beaker 2571–2350 R1b1a2~V88
I2416 England Bell Beaker 2460–2200 R1b1a1a2a1a~L151
I2575 France Bell Beaker 2476–2211 R1b1a1a2~M269
I4248 Germany Bell Beaker 2500–2000 R~M207
E09568 Germany Bell Beaker 2461–2210 pre-R1b1a1a2a1a-L151
I3604 Germany Bell Beaker 2300 R1b1a1a2~M269
I3607 Germany Bell Beaker 2300 R1b1a1a~P297
I3596 Germany Bell Beaker 2300–2150 R1b1a1a2~M269
I4178 Hungary Bell Beaker 2500–2200 R1b1a1a2a1~L51
I2787 Hungary Bell Beaker 2458–2202 R1b1a1a2a2-Z2103
I4251 Poland Bell Beaker 2837–2672 R1b1a1a2~M269
I4253 Poland Bell Beaker 2571–2208 R1b1a1a2a2-Z2103
I4252 Poland Bell Beaker 2463–2142 R1b1a1a2a1a~L151
I2598 England Early Bronze Age 2140–1940 R1b1a1a2a1a~L151
I2464 England Early Bronze Age 1750–1610 R1b1a1a2a1-L51
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Higher-resolution K = 11 analysis of the European admixture in Chinchorro DNA

Below is a plot for a higher-resolution K = 11 admixture analysis that includes a Chinchorro mummy sample from Chile dated to 3972–3806 BC. This analysis uses a much larger number of transversion SNPs for all samples than my earlier admixture analyses. While most of my admixture analyses have used 1,067 transversion SNPs for the Chinchorro sample, and my previous high-resolution admixture analyses used 2,055 transversion SNPs for the sample, this analysis uses 26,982 transversion SNPs for the sample.

Here are the new admixture percentages for the Chinchorro sample:

      0.00%
      0.00%
      21.77%
      14.18%
      1.15%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      58.51%
      4.38%

The sum of the non-Amerindian component percentages in this analysis is 41.49%, which is consistent with the K = 8, 9, and 10 analyses.

The Chinchorro sample has 1.536 times more of the plain blue component than the light blue component, unlike the Spanish admixture in Mestizos, where there’s significantly more of the light blue component than the plain blue component.

The trace amount of the pine green component in the Chinchorro sample is inconsistent with modern contamination, as all modern Europeans have a significant amount of this component.

The presence of the purple component in the Chinchorro sample is also inconsistent with modern contamination.

If one ignores the absence of the plain green component in the Chinchorro sample, then pre-LGM Europeans remain one possible source of its European admixture.

If one ignores the presence of the purple component in the Chinchorro sample, then European hunter-gatherers with some early European farmer admixture could be another possible source of its European admixture.

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Higher-resolution K = 10 analysis of the European admixture in Chinchorro DNA

Below is a plot for a higher-resolution K = 10 admixture analysis that includes a Chinchorro mummy sample from Chile dated to 3972–3806 BC. This analysis uses a much larger number of transversion SNPs for all samples than my earlier admixture analyses. While most of my admixture analyses have used 1,067 transversion SNPs for the Chinchorro sample, and my previous high-resolution admixture analyses used 2,055 transversion SNPs for the sample, this analysis uses 26,982 transversion SNPs for the sample.

Here are the new admixture percentages for the Chinchorro sample:

      0.00%
      0.00%
      21.69%
      13.91%
      2.04%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      58.36%
      4.00%

The sum of the non-Amerindian component percentages in this analysis is 41.64%, which is consistent with the preceding K = 8 and K = 9 analyses.

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Higher-resolution K = 9 analysis of the European admixture in Chinchorro DNA

Below is a plot for a higher-resolution K = 9 admixture analysis that includes a Chinchorro mummy sample from Chile dated to 3972–3806 BC. This analysis uses a much larger number of transversion SNPs for all samples than my earlier admixture analyses. While most of my admixture analyses have used 1,067 transversion SNPs for the Chinchorro sample, and my previous high-resolution admixture analyses used 2,055 transversion SNPs for the sample, this analysis uses 26,982 transversion SNPs for the sample.

Here are the new admixture percentages for the Chinchorro sample:

      0.00%
      0.00%
      27.22%
      13.22%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      58.51%
      1.05%

The sum of the non-Amerindian component percentages in this analysis is 41.49%, which is consistent with the preceding K = 8 analysis.

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Higher-resolution K = 8 analysis of the European admixture in Chinchorro DNA

Below is a plot for a higher-resolution K = 8 admixture analysis that includes a Chinchorro mummy sample from Chile dated to 3972–3806 BC. This analysis uses a much larger number of transversion SNPs for all samples than my earlier admixture analyses. While most of my admixture analyses have used 1,067 transversion SNPs for the Chinchorro sample, and my previous high-resolution admixture analyses used 2,055 transversion SNPs for the sample, this analysis uses 26,982 transversion SNPs for the sample.

Here are the new admixture percentages for the Chinchorro sample:

      0.00%
      27.12%
      13.13%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      58.45%
      1.30%

The sum of the non-Amerindian component percentages in this analysis is 41.55%, which is a bit higher than the sums for the preceding analyses.

The presence of the light blue component in the Chinchorro sample excludes unadmixed Mesolithic European hunter-gatherers, and also Mal’ta-related populations as sources of its European admixture.

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Higher-resolution K = 7 analysis of the European admixture in Chinchorro DNA

Below is a plot for a higher-resolution K = 7 admixture analysis that includes a Chinchorro mummy sample from Chile dated to 3972–3806 BC. This analysis uses a much larger number of transversion SNPs for all samples than my earlier admixture analyses. While most of my admixture analyses have used 1,067 transversion SNPs for the Chinchorro sample, and my previous high-resolution admixture analyses used 2,055 transversion SNPs for the sample, this analysis uses 26,982 transversion SNPs for the sample.

Here are the new admixture percentages for the Chinchorro sample:

      0.00%
      37.79%
      0.00%
      0.00%
      0.34%
      60.66%
      1.21%

The sum of the non-Amerindian component percentages in this analysis is 39.34%, which is consistent with the preceding analyses.

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