Pigmentation of the Bell Beaker people

Below are predicted skin, hair, and eye color for new genomes from Neolithic, Copper Age, and Bronze Age Europe, most of which are from the people of the Bell Beaker culture.

Sample Culture Country Date BC Skin Hair Eyes
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 NA Black Brown
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 NA Black Brown
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 NA Blond Blue
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 Medium Black Blue
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 NA Black NA
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 Light Black Brown
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 NA Brown Brown
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 NA Black Brown
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 Light Black Brown
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I5358 Neolithic Wales 3080–2904 Light NA NA
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 Light Black Brown
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 Light Black Brown
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 Light Brown/ D-brown NA
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 Light Black Brown
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 Light Black Blue
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 NA Black Brown
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 Light Black Brown
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 Light Black Brown
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 NA Black Brown
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 Light Black Brown
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 Light Black Brown
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 Light Black Brown
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 Light Black Brown
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 Light Black Brown
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 NA Black Brown
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 Light Black Brown
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 Light Black Brown
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 Light Black NA
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 Light Black Brown
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 Light Black Brown
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 NA Black Brown
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 Light Black Brown
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 NA Black Brown
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 Light Black Brown
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 Light Black Brown
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 NA D-blond/ Brown NA
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 NA D-blond/ Brown Blue
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 NA NA Brown
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 Light Black Brown
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 NA D-blond/ Brown Blue
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 Light Black Brown
I1970 Bell Beaker Portugal 2700–2300 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I0840 Bell Beaker Portugal 2455–2200 Light NA NA
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 Light Black Blue
I0455 Copper Age Spain 2904–2667 NA NA Brown
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I6630 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 NA NA Brown
I0453 Copper Age Spain 2458–2147 NA NA Brown
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 NA NA Brown
I6604 Copper Age Spain 2127–1905 Light NA NA
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 NA NA Blue
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 NA NA Brown
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I0258 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 NA NA Brown
I0262 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 Light NA NA
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 NA Black Brown
I6472 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I6584 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I6587 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 NA NA Brown
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I3528 Bell Beaker Hungary 2559–2301 NA NA Blue
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 NA Black Brown
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 NA D-brown/ Black Inter-mediate
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 Light Red Brown
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 Light Black Brown
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 Light Black Brown
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 Light Black Brown
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 NA Blond Blue
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light NA Brown
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 NA Black Blue
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Blond Blue
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 NA NA Brown
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 NA NA Brown
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 NA Black Brown
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I5666 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 NA NA Brown
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 NA Black Brown
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 NA Black Brown
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 NA Black Brown
I5020 Bell Beaker Germany 2457–2205 Dark NA NA
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 Light Black Brown
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Brown/ D-brown NA
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light NA Brown
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Black Brown
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Black Brown
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Blond Blue
I5655 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I5661 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Medium NA NA
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light Black Brown
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light Black Brown
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light Blond Blue
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Black Brown
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 NA Black Brown
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 NA Black NA
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I3602 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 NA NA Brown
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 Light Black Brown
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 Light Black Brown
I5757 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 NA NA Brown
I5759 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 Light NA Blue
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 Light NA NA
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 Light Black Brown
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 Light Black Brown
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 Light Black Brown
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 Light Black Brown
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 NA Black Brown
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 Light Black Brown
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 NA Black NA
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 NA Black Brown
I5376 Bell Beaker Britain 2454–2141 Light NA NA
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 Light Blond Blue
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 NA Blond Blue
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 Light Black Brown
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 Light Blond Blue
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 Light Black Brown
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 Light Brown/ D-brown Brown
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 NA Black Brown
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 Light Black Blue
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 Light Black Blue
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 NA Brown/ D-brown NA
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 NA Black NA
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 Light Black Brown
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 NA NA Brown
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 Light Black Brown
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 NA D-brown/ Black NA
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 Light D-brown/ Black NA
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 Light Black Brown
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 Light NA NA
I5037 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 NA NA Brown
I5042 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 NA NA Blue
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light Black Brown
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light Blond Blue
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light Brown/ D-brown Brown
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 NA Black Brown
I7203 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 NA NA Brown
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 Light Brown/ D-brown Blue
I2612 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2464–2208 NA NA Blue
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 Light Brown/ D-brown Blue
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 NA Blond Blue
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 NA NA Blue
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 NA Brown Brown
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 NA NA Blue
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 NA Black NA
I2610 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1935–1745 Light NA NA
I2463 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1925–1700 NA NA Brown
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 Light Black Brown
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 NA D-blond/ Brown Brown
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 Light Black Brown
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 NA NA Blue
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 Light Blond Blue
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 Light Brown/ D-brown Blue
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 NA Black Brown
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 NA D-blond/ Brown Blue
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 Light Blond Blue
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 Light NA NA
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 Light Black Brown
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 Light D-brown/ Black NA
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 NA D-brown/ Black NA
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 Light Brown/ D-brown Blue
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 Light Black Brown
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 Light Black Brown
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 Light Brown/ D-brown Brown
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 Light Black Brown
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 NA Black Brown
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 NA Black Brown
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 Light Black Brown
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 NA Blond NA
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 Light D-blond/ Brown NA
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 Light Black Brown
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 Light Black Brown
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
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Phenotype SNPs for Bell Beaker genomes

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for new genomes from Neolithic, Copper Age, and Bronze Age Europe, most of which are from the Bell Beaker culture. Nonzero derived allele counts are highlighted. Note that small derived allele counts may be due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs2424984, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 1/1
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 1/1
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 1/1
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 1/1
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 1/1
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 1/1
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 1/1
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 1/1
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 1/1
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 1/1
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 1/1
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 1/1
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 1/1
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 1/1
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 2/2
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 2/2
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 1/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 1/1
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 2/2
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 1/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 1/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 1/1
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 1/1
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 1/1
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/2
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/2
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 1/1
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 1/1
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 2/2
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 2/2
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 1/1
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 1/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 3/3
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/2
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/3
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 2/2
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 3/3
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 1/1
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 3/3
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/1
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 1/1
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 1/1
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 1/1
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/1
I6679 Bell Beaker Britain 2124–1890 1/1
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 1/1
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 1/1
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 4/4
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 1/1
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 1/1
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 1/1
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 1/1
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 1/1
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 2/2
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 1/1
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 2/2
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 1/1
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 1/1
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 1/1
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 1/1
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 3/3
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 1/1
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 1/1
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 1/1
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 1/1
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 1/1
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 1/1
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 2/2
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 1/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 1/1
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 3/3
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 4/4

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 2/2
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 1/1
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 1/1
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 1/1
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 1/1
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 1/1
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 1/1
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 2/2
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 2/2
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 1/1
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 1/1
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 1/1
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 2/2
I6628 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 1/1
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 1/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 1/1
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 1/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 1/1
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/2
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/2
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/2
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/1
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 1/1
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 1/1
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 1/1
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 2/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/1
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 1/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 1/1
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 2/2
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 4/4
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 1/1
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 2/2
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 1/1
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 1/1
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 1/1
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 1/1
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 1/1
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 1/1
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 1/1
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 2/2
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 2/2
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 2/2
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 1/1

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/14
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/27
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/7
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/13
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/18
I4308 Neolithic France 3501–3112 0/1
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/2
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/6
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/3
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/3
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/14
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/3
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/3
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/3
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/3
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/2
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/17
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/9
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/28
I5371 Neolithic Scotland 4000–3300 0/1
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/8
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/17
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/20
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/4
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/14
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/28
I3137 Neolithic Scotland 3800–3200 0/1
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/10
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/8
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/18
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/28
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/25
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/22
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/21
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/22
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/6
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/13
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/18
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/17
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/31
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/21
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/24
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/17
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/22
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/26
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/28
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/34
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/5
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/3
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 0/3
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/9
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/3
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/15
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/10
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/2
I6543 Copper Age Spain 2479–1945 0/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/27
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/22
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/1
I0825 Bell Beaker Spain 2474–2298 0/1
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/2
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/5
I6539 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/3
I6587 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6588 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/4
I3528 Bell Beaker Hungary 2559–2301 0/1
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/24
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/20
I5015 Bell Beaker Hungary 2466–2210 0/1
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/8
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/2
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/2
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/4
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/4
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/2
I2575 Bell Beaker France 2475–2210 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/6
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 0/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/2
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/5
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/26
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 5/15
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/23
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/24
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/22
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/21
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/24
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/23
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/15
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/8
I7271 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/9
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/20
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 12/21
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/14
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/14
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/30
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 8/17
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/23
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/18
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/19
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/15
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/21
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/2
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/22
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/21
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/16
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/24
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/14
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/21
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/9
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/10
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/1
I5017 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2206 0/1
I5020 Bell Beaker Germany 2457–2205 0/1
I4250 Bell Beaker Germany 2433–2149 0/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/14
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/7
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5657 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/16
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/36
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/41
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/18
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/11
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/7
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/2
I3600 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/20
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/26
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/3
I5759 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 0/1
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/3
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/5
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/16
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/22
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/5
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/20
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/3
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/7
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/33
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 0/10
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/4
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/8
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/19
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/3
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/2
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/6
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/29
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/7
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/15
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/2
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/16
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/6
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 0/1
I5382 Bell Beaker Britain 2278–1981 0/1
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 22/43
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/22
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 7/11
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/25
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/10
I2598 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1953 0/1
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/13
I2455 Bell Beaker Britain 2125–1911 0/2
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/30
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/3
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/17
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/12
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/2
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/12
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/39
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/5
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/14
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/6
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/5
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/10
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/17
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 0/2
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/13
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/9
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/8
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/5
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/18
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/20
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/18
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/8
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/5
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/21
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/15
I2612 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2464–2208 0/1
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/8
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/9
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/5
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/12
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/9
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 2/2
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/2
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/9
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/5
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/12
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 0/1
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/4
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 0/1
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 0/2
I2463 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1925–1700 0/1
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/2
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/10
I7630 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1879–1691 0/1
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 2/7
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/9
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/19
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/19
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/22
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/6
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 0/1
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/2
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/3
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/1
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/11
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/17
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/18
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/14
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/17
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 2/2
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/2
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/14
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/12
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 10/17
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/16
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/20
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/25
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/16
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/18
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/17
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/21
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/13
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/13
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 0/4
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 0/2
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/29
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/29
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 21/34
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/23

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/10
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/2
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/1
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 1/3
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/2
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/1
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/2
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 1/2
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/1
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/1
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/1
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/2
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/7
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/4
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 2/3
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/1
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/5
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/2
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/4
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 1/1
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/2
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/5
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/2
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/3
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/2
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/2
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/3
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/2
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 1/1
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/1
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/1
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/1
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/2
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 1/1
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/5
I2629 Neolithic Scotland 3180–2780 0/1
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/5
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 2/2
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/4
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/1
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/3
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/4
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 0/2
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/4
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 1/3
I6472 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6584 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6587 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/1
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 1/3
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/4
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 2/6
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/2
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/4
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/1
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 1/1
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/2
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/5
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/3
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/5
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 5/5
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 0/1
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/2
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 1/2
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/6
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/3
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 4/5
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 1/1
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/7
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/1
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 2/3
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/2
I5017 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2206 1/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/3
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/8
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/2
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/3
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/2
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/5
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/3
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/2
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/3
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/1
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/3
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/7
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 0/1
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/1
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/1
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/2
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/2
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/1
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/9
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 1/2
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/2
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/2
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 1/1
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/4
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/3
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 1/2
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/4
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 1/3
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/2
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/2
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 1/2
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/1
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/2
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/1
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/1
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/1
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/1
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/2
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 2/2
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 0/1
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/3
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I7203 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 1/2
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/3
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/2
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/1
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/1
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/3
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 2/2
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/1
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/3
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/4
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/1
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 0/3
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 1/3
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/5
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/2
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 0/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/2
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/2
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/2
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/1
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 1/1
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/2
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/3
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/1
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 2/2
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 1/1
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/3
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 1/2
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 1/2
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 2/2
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/2
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/2
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 2/2
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/4
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 2/2
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/1
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 0/1
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 0/1
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/8
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/1
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 1/3
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/3

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/1
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/3
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/1
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/3
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/1
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/1
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/1
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/2
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/3
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/2
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/1
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/2
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/1
I5371 Neolithic Scotland 4000–3300 0/1
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/1
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/1
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/3
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/1
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/2
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/3
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/1
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/3
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/1
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/2
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/2
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/3
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/5
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/3
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/2
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/2
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 0/1
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/2
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/1
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/3
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/3
I0261 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/1
I0458 Bell Beaker Spain 2457–2206 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/1
I6622 Bell Beaker Spain 2800–1750 0/2
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/1
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/1
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/1
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/1
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/2
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/2
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/2
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 0/1
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/1
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/1
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/1
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/1
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/1
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/1
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/3
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/1
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/2
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/1
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/2
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5014 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/2
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3599 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3600 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/4
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/2
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/1
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/1
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/3
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/3
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/1
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/7
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/2
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 1/1
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/1
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 2/3
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/3
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/1
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/2
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 0/1
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/4
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/2
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/1
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/4
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/2
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/1
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/1
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/1
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/1
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/3
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/2
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/1
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/2
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/1
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 0/1
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/2
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/2
I5373 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2194–1980 0/1
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 0/1
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/2
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/2
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 0/1
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/2
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/3
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/1
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/1
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/1
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/2
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/1
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/3
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/3
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/5
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/2
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 2/2
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/1
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/2
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/1
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 1/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/2
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/1
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/2
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/1

KITLG, rs642742, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/1
I0453 Copper Age Spain 2458–2147 1/1
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 1/5
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 1/1
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 1/1
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 1/1
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 1/1

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/16
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/37
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/20
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/30
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/34
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/3
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/20
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/8
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/2
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/29
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/3
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/9
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/5
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/5
I5374 Neolithic England 2830–2460 0/1
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/2
I5358 Neolithic Wales 3080–2904 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/21
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/20
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/31
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/10
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/14
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/47
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/10
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/21
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/54
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/10
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/11
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/45
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/80
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/42
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/30
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/28
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/43
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/3
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/39
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/45
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/57
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/90
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/31
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/36
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/30
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/50
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/52
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/45
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/95
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/9
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/5
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/48
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/8
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/33
I1970 Bell Beaker Portugal 2700–2300 0/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/36
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/2
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 0/1
I6543 Copper Age Spain 2479–1945 0/1
I6604 Copper Age Spain 2127–1905 0/1
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/63
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/48
I0826 Bell Beaker Spain 2834–2482 0/2
I0261 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/1
I4245 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2291 0/1
I4247 Bell Beaker Spain 2464–2210 0/2
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/7
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/4
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/49
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/59
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/11
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/5
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/8
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/2
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/9
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/2
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 0/3
I2575 Bell Beaker France 2475–2210 0/1
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/8
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 0/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/8
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/14
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/53
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/36
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/62
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/74
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/60
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/49
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/57
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/59
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/47
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7271 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/23
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/25
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/36
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/47
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/31
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/48
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/40
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/6
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/51
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/34
I4890 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 1/1
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/17
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/10
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/26
I5666 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/3
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/27
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/17
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/35
I5024 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2278–2032 0/1
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/20
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/28
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/29
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/19
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/21
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/7
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/29
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5659 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5661 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/18
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/73
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/72
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/10
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/41
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/31
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/3
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/3
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/3
I3600 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/35
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/35
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/12
I5759 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 0/1
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/2
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/2
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/21
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/30
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/16
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/30
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/5
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/10
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/75
I2416 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2151 0/2
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 0/9
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/5
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/9
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/23
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/8
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/2
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/11
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/6
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/109
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/8
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/36
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/3
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/12
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/11
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 0/1
I5382 Bell Beaker Britain 2278–1981 1/2
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/73
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/27
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/17
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/52
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/5
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/31
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/48
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/7
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/26
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/2
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/18
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/3
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/8
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/71
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/2
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/18
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/15
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/3
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/19
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/38
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 0/2
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/47
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/2
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/2
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/29
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/33
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/51
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/40
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/60
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/48
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/9
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/6
I7203 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/15
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/22
I2612 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2464–2208 0/3
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/19
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/16
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/4
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/23
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/17
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/5
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/11
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/4
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/17
I2460 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1827 0/1
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 0/6
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/6
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 0/1
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 0/3
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/9
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 7/12
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/27
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/19
I2569 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2139–1915 0/2
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/51
I5515 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2034–1775 0/1
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 0/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/51
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/30
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/8
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 0/5
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/4
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/4
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/3
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/15
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/26
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/39
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/27
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/48
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/4
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/3
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/37
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/25
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/39
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/44
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/55
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/68
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/37
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/45
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/38
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/73
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/46
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/22
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 0/2
I2574 Middle Bronze Age Wales 1414–1227 0/1
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 0/2
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/6
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/41
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/103
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/87
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/62

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/19
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/41
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/18
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/19
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/23
I4308 Neolithic France 3501–3112 0/1
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/3
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/15
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/8
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/4
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/25
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 2/4
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/9
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/5
I0519 Neolithic England 3360–3100 0/1
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/1
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/3
I5358 Neolithic Wales 3080–2904 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/13
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/11
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/23
I5371 Neolithic Scotland 4000–3300 0/1
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 1/9
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/21
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/40
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/8
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/23
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/58
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/12
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/6
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/38
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/69
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/30
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/19
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/25
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/29
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/6
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/33
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/33
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/40
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/69
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/29
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/36
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/20
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/40
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/47
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/32
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/78
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/6
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/2
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 1/2
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/39
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/25
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/37
I0457 Copper Age Spain 2920–2340 0/1
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/2
I6628 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/1
I6543 Copper Age Spain 2479–1945 0/2
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/60
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/37
I0262 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/2
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/2
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/11
I6472 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6584 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6587 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/3
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/34
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/61
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/10
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/7
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/8
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/3
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/8
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/3
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 0/3
I2575 Bell Beaker France 2475–2210 0/1
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/3
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/7
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 0/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/9
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/13
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/39
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/25
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/53
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/55
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/47
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/47
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/60
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/45
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/41
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7271 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/20
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/22
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/29
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/36
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/28
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/34
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/43
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/39
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/23
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/22
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/1
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/17
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/16
I5666 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/4
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/27
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/19
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/39
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/16
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/27
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/32
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/11
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/10
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/5
I5020 Bell Beaker Germany 2457–2205 0/3
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/27
I3593 Bell Beaker Germany 2397–2145 0/1
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5659 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/20
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/48
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/70
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/8
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/44
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/32
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/1
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/3
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/4
I3599 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3600 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/23
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/35
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/7
I5755 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 0/1
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/6
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/25
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/26
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/6
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/23
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/10
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/6
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/54
I2416 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2151 0/2
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 0/6
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/1
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/5
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/18
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/6
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/4
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/11
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/81
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/8
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/38
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I4951 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/12
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 1/9
I5382 Bell Beaker Britain 2278–1981 0/2
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/50
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/25
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/14
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/40
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/6
I2598 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1953 0/1
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/19
I2455 Bell Beaker Britain 2125–1911 0/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/40
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 1/8
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/18
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/3
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/13
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/2
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/12
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/55
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/3
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/14
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/18
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/4
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/16
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/28
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 0/1
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/34
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/2
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/2
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/24
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/25
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/39
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/40
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/49
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/26
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/6
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/11
I7203 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/10
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/25
I2612 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2464–2208 0/1
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/19
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/15
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/4
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/23
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 1/11
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 0/2
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/7
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/6
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/4
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/19
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 0/1
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 1/3
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 0/1
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 0/2
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/13
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 1/8
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/16
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/21
I2569 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2139–1915 0/1
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/45
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 0/2
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/46
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 2/22
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/8
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 0/2
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/1
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/3
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/21
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/17
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/27
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/23
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/43
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/4
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/5
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/34
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/27
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/38
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/41
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/59
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/54
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/26
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/37
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/26
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/47
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/41
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/16
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 0/3
I2574 Middle Bronze Age Wales 1414–1227 0/1
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 0/1
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/35
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/106
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/69
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/54

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 4/11
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/23
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/7
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/10
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/11
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/2
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/2
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/3
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/2
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/2
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/1
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 1/2
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/1
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/6
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/3
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/7
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/2
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 3/4
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/16
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/5
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/11
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/17
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/4
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/2
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/8
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/16
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/9
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/9
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/15
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/13
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/3
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/12
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/5
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/10
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/23
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/15
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 11/18
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/9
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/11
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/13
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 5/9
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/18
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 5/5
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 4/8
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/2
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/8
I1970 Bell Beaker Portugal 2700–2300 0/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/12
I6608 Copper Age Spain 2020–1768 0/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/21
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/14
I4247 Bell Beaker Spain 2464–2210 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/3
I6475 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/2
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/12
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 5/9
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/1
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/3
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/2
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 4/4
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 2/3
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/1
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/4
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/5
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/11
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/12
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/15
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/18
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/12
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/17
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/14
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/9
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/10
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/10
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/11
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/10
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/10
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/15
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/8
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/11
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 3/6
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/11
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/16
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/15
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/18
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/10
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/15
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/30
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/2
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/2
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 2/3
I3593 Bell Beaker Germany 2397–2145 0/1
I4249 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/10
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/17
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 14/28
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/6
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/8
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/6
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/8
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/1
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/2
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/1
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/1
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/7
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/11
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/5
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/9
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/2
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/1
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/17
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/2
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/4
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/7
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/1
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/1
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/4
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/29
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/5
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/10
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/2
I4951 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/2
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/10
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/4
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 0/1
I5382 Bell Beaker Britain 2278–1981 0/2
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/28
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/11
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 5/10
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/23
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/1
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 6/11
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/14
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/1
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/2
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/1
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/5
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/2
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 3/4
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/18
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/1
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/5
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/3
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/1
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/4
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/16
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 0/2
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/6
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/11
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/5
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/9
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/7
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/14
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 2/6
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/3
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/11
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/11
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/5
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 3/3
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/1
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/8
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/4
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 2/2
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/4
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/5
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/2
I7639 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2031–1665 0/1
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 1/1
I2463 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1925–1700 0/2
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/1
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/5
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/6
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/5
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 10/18
I5515 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2034–1775 0/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/17
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 6/12
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/5
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/1
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/4
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/4
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/16
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/6
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/11
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/1
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/5
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/8
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 3/6
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/12
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/12
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/15
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/27
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 7/9
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 4/10
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/12
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/12
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/12
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 1/3
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/16
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/7
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/33
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/14

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/22
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/31
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/13
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/19
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/24
I4308 Neolithic France 3501–3112 0/1
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/3
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/6
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/4
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/1
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/17
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/4
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/3
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/4
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/2
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/5
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/21
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/14
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/21
I5371 Neolithic Scotland 4000–3300 0/1
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/6
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/18
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/30
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/15
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/34
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/33
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/6
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/3
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/32
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/45
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/34
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/24
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/25
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/34
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/7
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/30
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/29
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/40
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/51
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/34
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/33
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/19
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/28
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/37
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/17
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/52
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/3
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/11
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/9
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 0/1
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/17
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/2
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/26
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/21
I0457 Copper Age Spain 2920–2340 0/1
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/2
I6604 Copper Age Spain 2127–1905 0/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/37
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/21
I0262 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0263 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/2
I4245 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2291 0/1
I4247 Bell Beaker Spain 2464–2210 0/1
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/2
I6475 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6542 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–1750 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/3
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/27
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/31
I5015 Bell Beaker Hungary 2466–2210 0/1
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/12
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/4
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/1
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/7
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/3
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/1
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 0/3
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/4
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/5
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/7
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/31
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/20
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/43
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/47
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/22
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/27
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/38
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/27
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/35
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/10
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/9
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/20
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/18
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/28
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/23
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/21
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/31
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7288 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/16
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/20
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/28
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/2
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/8
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/23
I5025 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I5666 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/2
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/33
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/28
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/21
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/20
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/28
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/30
I5021 Bell Beaker Germany 2571–2341 0/1
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/16
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/4
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/3
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/17
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5661 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/16
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/42
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/73
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/7
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/32
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/16
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/5
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/1
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/2
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/2
I3597 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3599 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3600 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/2
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/19
I3602 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/18
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/5
I5759 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 0/1
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/8
I4251 Bell Beaker Poland 2431–2150 0/1
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/2
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/14
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/32
I6538 Bell Beaker Poland 2008–1765 0/1
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/10
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/15
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/11
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/4
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/47
I2416 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2151 0/1
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 0/8
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/2
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/11
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/22
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/3
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/4
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/8
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/53
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/3
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/29
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/3
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/22
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/7
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 0/4
I5382 Bell Beaker Britain 2278–1981 0/3
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/53
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/26
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/19
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/35
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/2
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/21
I2455 Bell Beaker Britain 2125–1911 0/2
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/14
I6679 Bell Beaker Britain 2124–1890 0/1
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/5
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/15
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/2
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/6
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/6
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/11
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/44
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/3
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/20
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/11
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/6
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/8
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/30
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/13
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/10
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/15
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/17
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/31
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/29
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/30
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/9
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/17
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/25
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/11
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/9
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/3
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/13
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/10
I5373 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2194–1980 0/1
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 0/1
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/2
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/15
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/1
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/10
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/2
I2610 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1935–1745 0/1
I2463 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1925–1700 0/1
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/5
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/12
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/23
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/7
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/30
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/44
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/25
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/7
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 0/5
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/5
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/1
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/9
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/23
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/32
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/10
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/26
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/2
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/3
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/7
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/14
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/23
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/19
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/24
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/54
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/11
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/22
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/19
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/36
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/25
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/14
I2574 Middle Bronze Age Wales 1414–1227 0/1
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/2
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/22
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/69
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/60
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/36

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/16
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/42
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/21
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/33
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/37
I4308 Neolithic France 3501–3112 0/1
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/4
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/18
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/7
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/4
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/31
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/5
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/11
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/6
I0519 Neolithic England 3360–3100 0/1
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/5
I5374 Neolithic England 2830–2460 0/1
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/2
I5358 Neolithic Wales 3080–2904 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/23
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 3/19
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/29
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/12
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/20
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/47
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/12
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/18
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/61
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/12
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 1/8
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/52
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/85
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/45
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/32
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/27
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/44
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/5
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/41
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/44
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/57
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/100
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/36
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/39
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/30
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/55
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/60
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/47
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/102
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/8
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/6
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/52
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/4
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/37
I1970 Bell Beaker Portugal 2700–2300 0/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/38
I0457 Copper Age Spain 2920–2340 0/1
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/2
I6543 Copper Age Spain 2479–1945 0/2
I6604 Copper Age Spain 2127–1905 0/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/76
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/54
I0826 Bell Beaker Spain 2834–2482 0/2
I0261 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 1/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/1
I4245 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2291 1/1
I4247 Bell Beaker Spain 2464–2210 0/2
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/9
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 1/4
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/4
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/54
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/70
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/10
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/5
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 3/7
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/3
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/9
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/1
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 0/3
I2575 Bell Beaker France 2475–2210 0/1
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 1/11
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 0/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/11
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/11
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/55
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/34
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/64
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/72
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/67
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/52
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/61
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/62
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/58
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7271 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/20
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/28
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/40
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/58
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/39
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/47
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/49
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/56
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/38
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/23
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/1
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/17
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/27
I5666 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/3
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/30
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/22
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/45
I5024 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2278–2032 0/1
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/21
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/32
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/32
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/14
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/14
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/8
I5020 Bell Beaker Germany 2457–2205 0/2
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/32
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5659 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5661 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/22
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/71
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/90
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/5
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/55
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/36
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/1
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/4
I3600 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/34
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/35
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/13
I5759 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 0/1
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/5
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/2
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/27
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/36
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/13
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/28
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/11
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/11
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/73
I2416 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2151 0/2
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 1/10
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/3
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/8
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/25
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/7
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/3
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/14
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/6
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/111
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/8
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/44
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/3
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/15
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/14
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 0/1
I5382 Bell Beaker Britain 2278–1981 0/3
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/69
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/28
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/22
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/57
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/7
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/34
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/52
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/8
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/28
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/2
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/22
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 1/3
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/12
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/69
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/2
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/15
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/14
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/1
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/18
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/40
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 0/1
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/49
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 1/2
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/3
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 10/28
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/40
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/51
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/48
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/65
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/51
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/10
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/11
I7203 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/16
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/28
I2612 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2464–2208 0/1
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/22
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/17
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/4
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/31
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/20
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/6
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/10
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/4
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/21
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 0/6
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/7
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 0/5
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/10
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/8
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/31
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/24
I2569 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2139–1915 0/2
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/58
I5515 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2034–1775 0/1
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 0/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/57
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/35
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/7
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 0/3
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/2
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/2
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/4
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/18
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/22
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/43
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/27
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/52
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/5
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/5
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/39
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/34
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/42
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/50
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/64
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/70
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/42
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/49
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/35
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/77
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/49
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/25
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 0/3
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 0/2
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/4
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/41
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/136
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/90
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/69

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/11
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/27
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/15
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/21
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/29
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/1
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/14
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 1/5
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/2
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/23
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/2
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/7
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/6
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/6
I5374 Neolithic England 2830–2460 0/1
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/2
I5358 Neolithic Wales 3080–2904 0/2
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/15
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/18
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/19
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/4
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/10
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/41
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/9
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/22
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/33
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/2
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/12
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/28
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/51
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/32
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/26
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/24
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/31
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/1
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/24
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/34
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/41
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/68
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/20
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/27
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/26
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/30
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/38
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/40
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/59
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 1/7
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/3
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/41
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/9
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/27
I1970 Bell Beaker Portugal 2700–2300 0/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/22
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/1
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 0/1
I6543 Copper Age Spain 2479–1945 0/1
I6604 Copper Age Spain 2127–1905 0/1
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/53
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/42
I0826 Bell Beaker Spain 2834–2482 0/2
I0261 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/2
I4245 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2291 0/1
I4247 Bell Beaker Spain 2464–2210 0/2
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/4
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/2
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/35
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/42
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/5
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/3
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 1/3
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 1/2
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/6
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/2
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 0/1
I2575 Bell Beaker France 2475–2210 0/1
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/7
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 0/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/6
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/11
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/38
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/30
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/45
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/66
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/42
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/40
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/47
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/45
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/33
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/5
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/15
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/17
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/25
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/37
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/27
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/31
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/36
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/39
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/26
I4890 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/1
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/13
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/6
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/17
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/3
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/19
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 1/10
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/27
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/9
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/21
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/26
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/22
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/16
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/7
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/21
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5661 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/17
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/61
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/53
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/9
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/28
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/18
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/2
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/2
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3600 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/27
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/23
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/6
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/3
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 1/10
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/23
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/11
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/23
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/5
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/9
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/55
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 0/5
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/6
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/8
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 2/16
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/6
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/2
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/7
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/5
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/88
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/4
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/24
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/8
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/9
I5382 Bell Beaker Britain 2278–1981 0/2
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/48
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/22
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/12
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/43
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/3
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/23
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/40
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/4
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/14
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/2
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/14
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/2
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/4
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/62
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/3
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/17
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/13
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/3
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/13
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/33
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 0/1
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/41
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/2
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/26
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/25
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/39
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/27
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 21/46
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/43
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/3
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 1/8
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/16
I2612 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2464–2208 0/3
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/14
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/8
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/3
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/23
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/16
I5373 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2194–1980 0/1
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/4
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/7
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/2
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 5/14
I2460 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1827 0/1
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 0/3
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/4
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 0/1
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 0/3
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/5
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/11
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/16
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/12
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/40
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/32
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/17
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/9
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 1/5
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/4
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/4
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/1
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/12
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/22
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/26
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/23
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/39
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/4
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/1
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/29
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/24
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/27
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/31
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/43
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/42
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/30
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/31
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/27
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/58
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/29
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/14
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 0/2
I2574 Middle Bronze Age Wales 1414–1227 0/1
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 0/1
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/5
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/29
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/47
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/68
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/48

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/35
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/60
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/14
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/39
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 23/41
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/2
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/12
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/3
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/5
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/21
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/5
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/2
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/7
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/7
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/4
I5358 Neolithic Wales 3080–2904 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/17
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/28
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/18
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/4
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/20
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/54
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/7
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/47
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/56
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/13
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/6
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/54
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/63
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/54
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/29
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/34
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/39
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/7
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/47
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/27
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/50
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/88
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/58
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/55
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/25
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/48
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/52
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/32
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/74
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/10
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/13
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 0/1
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/53
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/4
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/26
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/45
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/1
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 0/2
I6608 Copper Age Spain 2020–1768 0/1
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/71
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/39
I0258 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0263 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0257 Bell Beaker Spain 2572–2348 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/4
I4247 Bell Beaker Spain 2464–2210 0/1
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/2
I0458 Bell Beaker Spain 2457–2206 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/9
I6539 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/2
I6584 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 1/2
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/6
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/4
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/54
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/54
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/14
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/5
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/2
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/16
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/13
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/4
I1389 Bell Beaker France 2468–2278 0/2
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 0/3
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/5
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/2
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/9
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/12
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/32
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/42
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/51
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/56
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/53
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/37
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/54
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/45
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/44
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/12
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/25
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/31
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/34
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/33
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/35
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/39
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/49
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/38
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/36
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/47
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 0/1
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/26
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/59
I5025 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/43
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/44
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/52
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/43
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/47
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/35
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/8
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/5
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/7
I5017 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2206 0/2
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/24
I3593 Bell Beaker Germany 2397–2145 0/1
I5022 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/5
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/5
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/5
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/30
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/40
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/75
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/5
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/40
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/26
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/2
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/4
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/5
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/4
I3600 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/2
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/22
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/30
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/6
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/2
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/7
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/7
I4252 Bell Beaker Poland 2285–2138 0/1
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/40
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/28
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/15
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/30
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/9
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/6
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/65
I2416 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2151 0/1
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 0/11
I5376 Bell Beaker Britain 2454–2141 0/1
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/10
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/33
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/7
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/6
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/9
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/3
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/73
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/12
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/32
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/5
I4951 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/30
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/15
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 0/2
I5382 Bell Beaker Britain 2278–1981 0/6
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/77
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/29
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/38
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/62
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/6
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/34
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/36
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/3
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/28
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/2
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/27
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/7
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/1
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/12
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/53
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/4
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/11
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/42
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 0/8
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/20
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/46
I4067 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1946–1690 0/1
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/38
I5042 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/3
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/25
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/19
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/27
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/53
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/34
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/43
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/6
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/5
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/37
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/55
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/16
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/18
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/2
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/28
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/11
I5373 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2194–1980 0/1
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 0/3
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/4
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/15
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/2
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/19
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 0/2
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/10
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 0/1
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 0/1
I2463 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1925–1700 0/2
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/15
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/12
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/30
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/14
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/45
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 0/3
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/60
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/46
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/12
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/3
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/1
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/4
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/26
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/25
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/48
I7569 Middle Bronze Age England 1619–1457 0/1
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/11
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/45
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/8
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/4
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/23
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/26
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/37
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/33
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/56
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/54
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/34
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/40
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/42
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/52
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/41
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/23
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 0/4
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/35
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/98
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/60
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/64

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/2
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/1
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/2
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/2
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/1
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/2
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/2
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/1
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/2
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/1
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/1
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/1
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/2
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/1
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/1
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/1
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/2
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/2
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/1
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/2
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/1
I6472 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/1
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/1
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/1
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/1
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/1
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 0/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/2
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/1
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/2
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/1
I5020 Bell Beaker Germany 2457–2205 0/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/1
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 1/1
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/1
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/2
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/2
I2446 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2139 0/1
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/1
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/2
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/1
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/1
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/1
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/1
I6679 Bell Beaker Britain 2124–1890 0/2
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 1/2
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/1
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/1
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/1
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/2
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/1
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/3
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/1
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/1
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/2
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 0/1
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/2
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/1
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/2
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/1
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/1
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/1
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 1/2
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/1
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/2
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/1
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/2
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/1
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/1
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/1

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/17
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/19
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/9
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/13
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/8
I4308 Neolithic France 3501–3112 0/1
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/1
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/4
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/6
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/3
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/5
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/3
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/1
I0519 Neolithic England 3360–3100 0/1
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/3
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/1
I2657 Neolithic Scotland 3951–3780 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/6
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/6
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/9
I5371 Neolithic Scotland 4000–3300 0/1
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/2
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/6
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/15
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/1
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/12
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/15
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/11
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/1
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/12
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/17
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/15
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/11
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/16
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/19
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/4
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/8
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/15
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/11
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/14
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/18
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/11
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/5
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/12
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/19
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/13
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/15
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/7
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 0/2
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/9
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/1
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/5
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/21
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/1
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 0/2
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/12
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/13
I0826 Bell Beaker Spain 2834–2482 0/1
I0263 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0823 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/2
I4247 Bell Beaker Spain 2464–2210 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/2
I6539 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/2
I6588 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 0/1
I6542 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–1750 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/5
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/3
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/10
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/12
I5015 Bell Beaker Hungary 2466–2210 1/3
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/4
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 3/7
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/10
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/2
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/2
I1389 Bell Beaker France 2468–2278 0/1
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/2
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/2
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/3
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/15
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/10
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/14
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/12
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/6
I7271 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/5
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/10
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/7
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/17
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/7
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/17
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/11
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/15
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 0/1
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/1
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/9
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/13
I6476 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/12
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/12
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/16
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/25
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/11
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/16
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/11
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/3
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/2
I5017 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2206 0/1
I5020 Bell Beaker Germany 2457–2205 0/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/3
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5014 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/8
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/3
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/6
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/6
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/9
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/5
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/2
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/10
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/20
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 1/3
I6534 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2149 0/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/5
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/2
I4252 Bell Beaker Poland 2285–2138 0/1
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/8
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/11
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/7
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 3/10
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/5
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/7
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/23
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/1
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/4
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/13
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/4
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/1
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/22
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/5
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/19
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/20
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/13
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 0/1
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/21
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/1
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/11
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/15
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/4
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/22
I2455 Bell Beaker Britain 2125–1911 0/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/30
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/3
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/12
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/2
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 6/15
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/1
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/10
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/4
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/2
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/7
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/14
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/9
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/13
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/11
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/2
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 2/7
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/7
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/17
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/11
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/14
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 2/4
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 3/5
I7203 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/14
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/21
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/5
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/14
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/2
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/12
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/6
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 0/3
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/2
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/1
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/3
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/11
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 1/1
I7639 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2031–1665 0/1
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 0/3
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 0/2
I2463 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1925–1700 0/2
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/3
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/7
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/14
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/7
I2569 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2139–1915 0/1
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/13
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/17
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/16
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/5
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/3
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/2
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/12
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/18
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/8
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 1/4
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/16
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/5
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/6
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/10
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/14
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/7
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/11
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/20
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/19
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 2/4
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/10
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/5
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 4/11
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/15
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/4
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 0/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/11
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 3/5
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 3/15
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/14

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 3/11
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/3
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/8
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 2/7
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/6
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/4
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/1
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 1/11
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/2
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/4
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/5
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/5
I2657 Neolithic Scotland 3951–3780 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/3
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/4
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 2/19
I5371 Neolithic Scotland 4000–3300 0/1
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/7
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/10
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/2
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/6
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/4
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 1/2
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/7
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 1/4
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/15
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/5
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/17
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/14
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 3/9
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/2
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 2/6
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/9
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/5
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 2/21
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 1/6
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/6
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/14
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/13
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 1/7
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/15
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/15
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/2
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/4
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/14
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/2
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/9
I0839 Bell Beaker Portugal 2456–2205 0/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 2/8
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/1
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 0/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/11
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/11
I0823 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0257 Bell Beaker Spain 2572–2348 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/7
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/1
I6539 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6584 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/1
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/3
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/7
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/15
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/1
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 3/3
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/1
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/2
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/6
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 2/5
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/3
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/4
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/5
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 7/12
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/7
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/11
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/15
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 12/16
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/16
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/12
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/8
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/11
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/9
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/15
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/13
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/11
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7288 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/7
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/5
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/1
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/4
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 1/5
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/3
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/12
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 4/5
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 1/10
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/4
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/8
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 2/3
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/3
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/3
I5017 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2206 0/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 2/5
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/2
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/2
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/3
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/13
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/21
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/22
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/5
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/5
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/11
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 1/4
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/2
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/3
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/4
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/12
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/2
I5755 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 0/1
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/3
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/2
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 3/7
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 5/9
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/2
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 7/13
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/2
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/1
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/18
I2416 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2151 0/2
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 2/3
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/1
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/2
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/12
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 2/2
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/2
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/4
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 4/19
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/5
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/8
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/6
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 4/6
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 1/2
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 6/12
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/18
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/6
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/12
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/5
I2598 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1953 0/1
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/13
I2455 Bell Beaker Britain 2125–1911 0/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 10/15
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/1
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/7
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/7
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/1
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/1
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/2
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/23
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/1
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 5/8
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 4/7
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 1/4
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/5
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 1/6
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 3/4
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/5
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 1/2
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/4
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/3
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/8
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/14
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 6/14
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 2/19
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/6
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/12
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/8
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/3
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 1/4
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/3
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/6
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/7
I5373 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2194–1980 0/2
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 1/3
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/4
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/4
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 0/1
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 1/6
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 0/1
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 2/4
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 2/2
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/3
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 4/9
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/5
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 6/11
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/5
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 1/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 1/7
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/10
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/3
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/2
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/3
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/1
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 1/8
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/5
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 5/8
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/10
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 3/8
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/5
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 2/4
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 2/8
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 8/14
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/6
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 9/14
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/12
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 12/23
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/7
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/11
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 1/7
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/8
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/7
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 1/6
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 0/2
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 0/2
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/7
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 7/9
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/14
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 5/12

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/5
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/10
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/5
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/1
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/1
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/1
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/7
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/1
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/1
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/3
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 0/2
I2657 Neolithic Scotland 3951–3780 0/2
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/1
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/4
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/3
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/1
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/2
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/7
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/4
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/4
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/5
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/2
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/1
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/1
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/7
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/7
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/4
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/4
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/2
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/4
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/3
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/6
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/6
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/1
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/7
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/5
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/3
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/3
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/2
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/5
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/4
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/4
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/2
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/2
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/4
I6604 Copper Age Spain 2127–1905 0/1
I6608 Copper Age Spain 2020–1768 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/7
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/3
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/2
I4247 Bell Beaker Spain 2464–2210 0/1
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/2
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/2
I6539 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/2
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/6
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/2
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/2
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/4
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/3
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/1
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/3
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/7
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7271 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/3
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/2
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/2
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/7
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/5
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/5
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 0/6
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/4
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/6
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/5
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/1
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/2
I5017 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2206 0/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/2
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I3600 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/7
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/3
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 0/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/1
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/1
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/3
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/7
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/5
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/3
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/4
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/5
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/1
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/3
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 1/2
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 0/2
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/3
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 0/2
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/6
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/5
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/4
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 0/1
I5382 Bell Beaker Britain 2278–1981 0/1
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/6
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/3
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/4
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/1
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/4
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/1
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/1
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/5
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 0/3
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/1
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/2
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 0/4
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/3
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/4
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/1
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/4
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/4
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/2
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/6
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/5
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/6
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/4
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/4
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/4
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/1
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/2
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/4
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/2
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/2
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/6
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 0/1
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/2
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/7
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/1
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/3
I5515 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2034–1775 0/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/5
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/6
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 0/2
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/1
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/7
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/6
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/1
I7569 Middle Bronze Age England 1619–1457 0/1
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/1
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/3
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/3
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 0/2
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/4
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/4
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/4
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/4
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/5
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/6
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/4
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/5
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/2
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/3
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/3
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/2
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/5
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/5

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 1/3
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/4
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/3
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/3
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 2/2
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 1/1
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 4/4
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 1/1
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/6
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/1
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/3
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 1/1
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/4
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 1/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/3
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/3
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 6/8
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/2
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 1/1
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/2
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/4
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 1/3
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/7
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 4/4
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 3/3
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 5/7
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/2
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/6
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 2/3
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/4
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/3
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/6
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/6
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/4
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/6
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/3
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/2
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/2
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/1
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 5/9
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 7/11
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 1/1
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 3/3
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 0/1
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/8
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 1/1
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/8
I1970 Bell Beaker Portugal 2700–2300 0/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 4/4
I0455 Copper Age Spain 2904–2667 0/2
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/2
I6630 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/1
I0453 Copper Age Spain 2458–2147 0/1
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 0/1
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/5
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/3
I0258 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 1/2
I6472 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I6584 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/2
I6587 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/1
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/1
I3528 Bell Beaker Hungary 2559–2301 1/1
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/5
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 2/6
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 3/3
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 3/5
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 1/2
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 1/2
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/1
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 1/4
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 1/2
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/1
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 1/1
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 1/2
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 1/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 1/1
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/1
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/3
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/5
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/3
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 6/7
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 5/5
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 4/5
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/2
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/6
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 7/7
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 4/4
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/4
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/5
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 4/5
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 8/8
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/3
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 4/4
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/3
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 5/5
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/4
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 3/4
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 0/1
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/1
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 4/8
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 3/3
I5666 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 1/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 4/4
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/3
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 2/5
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 4/6
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 5/5
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 5/5
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 2/6
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 0/3
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/5
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 7/11
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/5
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/2
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5655 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/5
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/6
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/5
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/5
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/3
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 4/4
I3602 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/9
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 1/4
I5757 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 0/1
I5759 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 1/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/1
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 3/3
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 3/4
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/6
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 6/6
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 2/2
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/3
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 1/4
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 3/8
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/3
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 2/5
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 5/5
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 1/1
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 1/1
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 3/3
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/1
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 9/9
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 2/2
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 3/3
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 5/5
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 1/5
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/7
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 5/5
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/3
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 1/4
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 2/2
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 1/4
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 10/10
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 5/5
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 2/3
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 2/3
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/1
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/2
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 2/3
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 4/4
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 5/11
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 1/1
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/5
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 1/1
I5037 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I5042 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 1/1
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 1/1
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/2
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 3/5
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 4/9
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 3/3
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/3
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I7203 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 6/6
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 2/2
I2612 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2464–2208 1/1
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 0/2
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 2/2
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 1/1
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 2/2
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/1
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 1/1
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 1/3
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 2/3
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 1/1
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 2/6
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 1/1
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/2
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 1/1
I2463 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1925–1700 0/1
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/2
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 4/5
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 2/7
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/1
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 1/6
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 1/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 9/9
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 4/8
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 2/2
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 1/1
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/1
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 1/1
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/2
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/2
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 2/2
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 4/4
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/2
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 5/6
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 5/5
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 1/2
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/4
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 2/4
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/6
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 3/6
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/2
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 5/5
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/5
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/4
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 3/4
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 0/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/2
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/2
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 4/4
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 3/6

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 1/1
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/1
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 3/3
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 1/1
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 1/1
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 1/1
I5358 Neolithic Wales 3080–2904 1/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 1/1
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 3/3
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 1/1
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 1/1
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 2/2
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 1/1
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 1/1
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 1/1
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 1/1
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 2/2
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 1/1
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 1/1
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 1/1
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 2/2
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 1/1
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 2/2
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 1/1
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 1/1
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 2/2
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 1/1
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 1/1
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 3/3
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 3/3
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 4/4
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 3/3
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 3/3
I0840 Bell Beaker Portugal 2455–2200 1/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 1/1
I6604 Copper Age Spain 2127–1905 1/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I0262 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 1/1
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 2/2
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 3/3
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 1/1
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 1/1
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 1/1
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 1/1
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 3/3
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 1/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 1/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 2/2
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 1/1
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 3/3
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/3
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/3
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/3
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/3
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/3
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 3/3
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 1/1
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 1/1
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 2/2
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 1/1
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 4/4
I5020 Bell Beaker Germany 2457–2205 0/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 1/1
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5661 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/3
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/3
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/3
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/3
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 2/2
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 1/1
I5759 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 1/1
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 2/2
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 1/1
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 6/6
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 6/6
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 2/2
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 2/2
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 1/1
I5376 Bell Beaker Britain 2454–2141 1/1
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 2/2
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 1/1
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 1/1
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 2/2
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 1/1
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 2/2
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 2/2
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 2/2
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 1/1
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 2/2
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 1/1
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 1/1
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 1/1
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 1/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 1/1
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 1/1
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 1/1
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 1/1
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 1/1
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 4/4
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 1/1
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 1/1
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 3/3
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 1/1
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 1/1
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 2/2
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 2/2
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 2/2
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 2/2
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 1/1
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 2/2
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 1/1
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 1/1
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 1/1
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 2/2
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 2/2
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 1/1
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 1/1
I2610 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1935–1745 2/2
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 3/3
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 3/3
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 2/2
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 1/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 1/1
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 2/2
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 1/1
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 2/2
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 1/1
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 1/1
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 3/3
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 1/1
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 1/1
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 5/5
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 1/1
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 1/1
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 1/1
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 1/1
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 5/5
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 1/1
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 1/1
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 1/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 1/1
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 3/3
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 1/1
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 4/4

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 17/29
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 42/42
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 8/14
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/27
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/31
I4308 Neolithic France 3501–3112 1/1
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/5
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/2
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/2
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 8/15
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 0/2
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 3/4
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/2
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 3/3
I2657 Neolithic Scotland 3951–3780 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/12
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/14
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 7/13
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 0/4
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 8/19
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/28
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 10/10
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/27
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/27
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/10
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 1/4
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 17/31
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/46
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/34
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/13
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/20
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/39
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/4
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 12/20
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/21
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 13/34
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 18/34
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 15/30
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 16/28
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 4/7
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 9/23
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/33
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/17
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 0/39
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 2/2
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 4/5
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 2/2
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/20
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 2/2
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 15/20
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/21
I6543 Copper Age Spain 2479–1945 1/1
I6604 Copper Age Spain 2127–1905 1/2
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 24/24
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 8/21
I0263 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 0/1
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/2
I0458 Bell Beaker Spain 2457–2206 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/6
I6472 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 1/2
I6539 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 1/1
I6584 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 1/1
I6588 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 2/2
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 1/1
I3528 Bell Beaker Hungary 2559–2301 0/1
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 3/4
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 4/4
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 18/18
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 14/27
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 6/6
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 5/5
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 1/1
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 5/15
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 2/7
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 2/4
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 3/3
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 5/5
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 1/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 3/4
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/10
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/34
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 20/20
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 19/19
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/26
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 25/25
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 6/15
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 10/23
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 6/16
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 7/21
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/9
I7271 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/4
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 24/24
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 8/16
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 15/23
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 24/24
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 12/19
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 18/30
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 5/5
I7288 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 9/18
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/23
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 54/54
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 3/3
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 4/4
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 0/31
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 13/31
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 1/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/29
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/26
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 24/24
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 38/38
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 10/23
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 15/33
I5021 Bell Beaker Germany 2571–2341 1/2
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 2/3
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 3/5
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/3
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/2
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 7/7
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/2
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/4
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/5
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/3
I5661 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 24/24
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 8/20
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 37/37
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 7/7
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 8/18
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 5/12
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/2
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/1
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 1/1
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 5/5
I3597 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 1/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 12/12
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 10/19
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 4/5
I5755 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 2/2
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 1/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 3/5
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 6/6
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 10/24
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 7/18
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 0/10
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 19/19
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/7
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/2
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 26/45
I2416 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2151 0/1
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 0/3
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 1/2
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 8/8
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 21/21
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 8/8
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 1/3
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 2/2
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 1/1
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 54/54
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 7/7
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 22/22
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 3/5
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 14/33
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/15
I5471 Bell Beaker Britain 2266–2025 3/3
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 27/47
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 8/16
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 20/20
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 22/22
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 5/10
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 31/31
I2455 Bell Beaker Britain 2125–1911 1/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/25
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 2/4
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 6/15
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 1/2
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 25/25
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 2/3
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 5/8
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 33/33
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 2/3
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 7/7
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 7/18
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 1/3
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 10/10
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 23/23
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 4/4
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 17/17
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 2/2
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/8
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 12/12
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 18/18
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 16/16
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 20/20
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 16/22
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 4/4
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 4/4
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 32/32
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 15/31
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 10/15
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/10
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 1/1
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 14/14
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 6/6
I5373 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2194–1980 1/1
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 1/1
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 2/3
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 3/6
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 2/2
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 10/14
I2460 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1827 0/1
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 2/3
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 0/1
I2463 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1925–1700 2/2
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/6
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 4/4
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 17/17
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 3/6
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 17/29
I5515 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2034–1775 1/1
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 0/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 35/35
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 18/18
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 5/5
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 1/1
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 2/2
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 2/2
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/4
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 15/15
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 12/12
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 13/13
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 10/10
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 14/22
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 1/6
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 6/6
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 10/23
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 14/14
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 7/12
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/21
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 15/28
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 18/18
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 15/15
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/17
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 23/23
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 8/22
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 10/25
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 8/15
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 1/1
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 1/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 25/25
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 3/16
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 25/55
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 44/44

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/7
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/4
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 8/10
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 0/6
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 0/5
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/4
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/1
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 2/2
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/5
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 1/3
I5358 Neolithic Wales 3080–2904 0/1
I2657 Neolithic Scotland 3951–3780 0/1
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/6
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 3/5
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/2
I5371 Neolithic Scotland 4000–3300 0/1
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/2
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/3
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 0/5
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/9
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 3/6
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/6
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/1
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/4
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/6
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/5
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 0/9
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/5
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/6
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/3
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/10
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 0/8
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/3
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 1/5
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 6/9
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/8
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/3
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 3/4
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 5/5
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/8
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 1/5
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/2
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 1/2
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/4
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/3
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/5
I0840 Bell Beaker Portugal 2455–2200 2/2
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/6
I6630 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 0/1
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/8
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 1/6
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/2
I0825 Bell Beaker Spain 2474–2298 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 0/2
I6588 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 2/3
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 0/2
I6542 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–1750 0/1
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 1/3
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 1/1
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/3
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/5
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/5
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/4
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 1/3
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/4
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 3/4
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 0/2
I1389 Bell Beaker France 2468–2278 0/1
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 0/2
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 1/2
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 1/1
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 0/1
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 2/3
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/2
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/2
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 5/8
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/3
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/5
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/6
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/5
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 4/5
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/7
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 5/9
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 6/6
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/5
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7288 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/1
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/11
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 3/5
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 0/1
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 6/9
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 4/7
I5025 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 1/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/6
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/10
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 1/3
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 3/7
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 0/6
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/6
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 0/5
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 1/1
I5017 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2206 1/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/3
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5022 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/2
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 3/4
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/4
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 4/4
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 4/6
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/1
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 4/8
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 1/2
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 1/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 0/1
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 0/3
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/13
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/3
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 2/4
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/3
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 1/3
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/1
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/12
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/2
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/2
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 4/11
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/3
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 1/4
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 0/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/9
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 1/3
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/7
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/5
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/6
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/2
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 0/10
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 0/1
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/7
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/9
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/5
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/8
I2455 Bell Beaker Britain 2125–1911 1/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/8
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 1/2
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 4/4
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 0/1
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 0/4
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 4/8
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/1
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/2
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 3/5
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/4
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/6
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 2/6
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 1/1
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/4
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/5
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 1/2
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/3
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 1/4
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/3
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/7
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/5
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 4/6
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/1
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/3
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 2/7
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 5/6
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/1
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/1
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 3/6
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/2
I5373 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2194–1980 0/1
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 0/1
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 1/3
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 1/4
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 0/6
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 2/2
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/1
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/4
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 0/5
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 3/9
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 3/4
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 0/6
I5515 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2034–1775 0/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/10
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 5/8
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 2/3
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 1/1
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/4
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/2
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 2/5
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 9/9
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 3/3
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 0/2
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 0/4
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/2
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 0/3
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 2/5
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 3/6
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/5
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 0/6
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 4/4
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/5
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 6/6
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 4/7
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/3
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 0/4
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/5
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/3
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 1/2
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 0/2
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 0/3
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 2/4
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/5

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 0/3
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 0/3
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 0/4
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/2
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 0/2
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 0/2
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 0/3
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 0/1
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 0/3
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 0/3
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 0/2
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 0/6
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 0/3
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 1/3
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 0/3
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 0/1
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 0/5
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 0/6
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 0/5
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 0/4
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 0/4
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 0/10
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 0/1
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 3/4
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 0/7
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 0/5
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 0/2
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 0/9
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 1/2
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 0/6
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/9
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 0/4
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 0/6
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/8
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 0/7
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 0/6
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 0/11
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 1/8
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/2
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 0/1
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 0/2
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/7
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/1
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 0/11
I1970 Bell Beaker Portugal 2700–2300 0/1
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 0/4
I0455 Copper Age Spain 2904–2667 0/2
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 0/1
I6543 Copper Age Spain 2479–1945 0/1
I6608 Copper Age Spain 2020–1768 0/2
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/6
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 0/2
I0460 Bell Beaker Spain 2460–2209 0/1
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 2/2
I6472 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 0/2
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 0/3
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 0/1
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 4/7
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 2/4
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 0/3
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 0/1
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 0/3
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 0/7
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 0/3
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 0/1
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 0/2
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 0/2
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 0/1
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 0/3
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/5
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/6
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/2
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/2
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/7
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/6
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I7271 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/8
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/10
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/3
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 2/5
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/11
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/2
I7288 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/1
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 1/4
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 0/4
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 0/9
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 0/1
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 0/1
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 1/1
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 0/7
I5666 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 1/2
I6468 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 0/1
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 0/4
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 1/6
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 2/10
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 0/5
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 2/6
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 0/3
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 1/2
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 3/3
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 0/1
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 0/4
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5022 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/3
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/3
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/4
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/1
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 1/4
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/2
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/7
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/6
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 2/3
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 0/5
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 1/1
I3589 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/4
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/1
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 0/3
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 0/20
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 0/1
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 2/3
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 0/9
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 0/10
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 1/2
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 0/5
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 0/2
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 0/4
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 0/6
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 0/2
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 0/2
I5376 Bell Beaker Britain 2454–2141 0/1
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 0/4
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 0/4
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 2/4
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 0/1
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 1/4
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 1/2
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 0/7
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 1/1
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 0/5
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I4951 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/1
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/6
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 0/5
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 7/7
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 0/7
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 0/7
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 0/2
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 0/5
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/6
I6679 Bell Beaker Britain 2124–1890 1/1
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 0/1
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 0/5
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 1/2
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 2/3
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/2
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 0/7
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 0/1
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 0/3
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 0/2
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 1/1
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 0/3
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 0/6
I4067 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1946–1690 0/1
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 3/3
I5037 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 0/1
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/5
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/2
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 3/7
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/5
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/3
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/4
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 0/3
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 0/7
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 0/3
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 2/6
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 0/9
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 0/3
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 0/6
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 0/3
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 1/3
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 0/2
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 3/3
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 0/2
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 1/2
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 0/6
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 1/3
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 0/5
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 0/2
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 1/3
I5515 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2034–1775 0/1
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 0/9
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 0/4
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 0/2
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 0/4
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 0/2
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 1/1
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 0/1
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 0/3
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 0/2
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 1/6
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 0/3
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 1/1
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 1/2
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 0/4
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 0/2
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 1/3
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 0/3
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 0/4
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 0/5
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 0/3
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 0/2
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 1/6
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 0/4
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 0/7
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 1/1
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 0/1
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 0/1
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 1/9
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 1/6
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 0/9
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 0/5

TYRP1, rs2733831, light hair and eyes

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 0/1
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 0/1
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 0/1
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 1/1
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 0/1
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 0/1
Posted in Uncategorized

Pigmentation of ancient Southeastern Europeans

Below are predicted skin, hair, and eye color for new genomes from ancient Europe, most of which are from Southeastern Europe.

Sample Culture Country Date BC Skin Hair Eyes
Iboussières 25-1 Epi-paleolithic France 10090–9460 NA NA Blue
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 Light Brown Brown
I1737 Mesolithic Ukraine 8540–8301 NA NA Brown
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 Light NA NA
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 NA Brown/ D-brown Brown
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 Light Black Brown
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 Light Black Brown
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 NA Black Brown
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 NA Brown Brown
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 NA Black Brown
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 NA Black Brown
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 NA Black Brown
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 Medium Black Brown
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 Medium Black Brown
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 Medium Black Brown
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 NA Black Brown
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 NA Black Brown
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 NA Black Brown
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 NA Black Brown
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 NA Brown NA
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 NA Black Brown
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 Light Black Brown
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 Light Black Brown
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 NA Black Brown
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 Light Black Brown
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 NA Black Blue
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 NA Brown Brown
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 NA Brown/ D-brown Brown
I5771 Mesolithic Serbia 6500–6250 Medium NA NA
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 NA Black Blue
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 NA Black Brown
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 Light Black Brown
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 NA Black Brown
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 Light Black Brown
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 NA Black Brown
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 Light Black Brown
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 NA Black Brown
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 Light Black Brown
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 Light Black Brown
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 Medium NA NA
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 Medium Red Blue
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 NA Black Brown
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 Medium Black Brown
I5405 Lepenski Vir Serbia 5836–5632 NA NA Brown
I2534 Mesolithic/ Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 NA D-brown/ Black NA
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 Light Black Brown
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 Light Black Brown
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 NA Black Brown
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 Light Black Brown
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 NA NA Blue
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 NA Brown NA
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 NA Black Brown
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 Medium Black Blue
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 Medium Black Blue
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 Medium Black Brown
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 Light Brown/ D-brown Blue
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 NA Black Blue
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 NA Black Brown
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 NA Black Blue
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 Medium Black Blue
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 Light Black Blue
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 Light Black Brown
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 Light Black Brown
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 NA NA Blue
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 Light Black Brown
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 Light Black Blue
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 NA Black Brown
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 NA Black Brown
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 Light Black Brown
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 NA Black NA
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 NA Black Brown
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 NA Black Brown
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 Light Black Brown
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 Light Black Brown
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 Light Black Brown
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 Medium Black Blue
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 NA Black Blue
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 NA Brown Brown
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 Medium Black Brown
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 Light Black Brown
I5872 Neolithic Ukraine 5489–5375 Light NA Brown
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 Medium NA NA
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 NA Black Brown
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 Light Black Brown
I3716 Neolithic Ukraine 5469–5328 NA NA Brown
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 NA Black Brown
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 NA Black Brown
I5886 Neolithic Ukraine 5314–5220 NA NA Brown
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 NA Black Blue
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 Light NA NA
I5879 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 NA NA Brown
I3719 Neolithic Ukraine 4949–4799 NA NA Brown
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 Light Black Brown
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 NA D-blond/ Brown Blue
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 Light Black Brown
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 Light Black Brown
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 NA Black Brown
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 NA Black Brown
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 NA Black Blue
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 Light Black Brown
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 NA Black Brown
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 Light Brown/ D-brown Brown
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 Light Black Brown
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 Light Blond/ D-blond Brown
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 Light Blond/ D-blond Brown
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 Light Black Brown
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 Light Brown Brown
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 NA D-blond/ Brown NA
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 Light Black Brown
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 NA Black Brown
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 NA Black Brown
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 NA Black Brown
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 Light Black Brown
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 NA Black Brown
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I1926 Trypillia Ukraine 3931–3640 NA NA Blue
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 NA Black Brown
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 Light Black Brown
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 Light Black Brown
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 Light Black Blue
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 Light Blond Blue
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2435 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 NA NA Blue
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 Light Black Brown
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 NA Black Brown
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 NA Brown Brown
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 NA Black Blue
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 Light Black Brown
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I4175 Vučedol Croatia 3000–2700 Light NA NA
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 NA Black Brown
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 Light Blond Blue
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 Light D-blond/ Brown NA
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
Posted in Uncategorized

Phenotype SNPs from ancient Southeastern Europe

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for new genomes from ancient Europe, most of which are from Southeastern Europe. Nonzero derived allele counts are highlighted. Note that small derived allele counts may be due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs2424984, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 1/1
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 1/1
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 1/1
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 1/1
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 1/1
I5405 Lepenski Vir Serbia 5836–5632 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 1/1
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 3/3
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 1/1
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 1/1
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 1/1
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 1/1
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 1/1
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 1/1
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 1/1
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 1/1
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 1/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 1/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 1/1
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 1/1
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 1/1
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 1/1
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 1/1
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 1/1
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 1/1
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 1/1
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 1/1
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 2/2
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 1/1
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 1/1
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 2/2
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 1/1
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 1/1
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 1/1
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/1
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 2/2
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 2/2

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 1/1
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 1/1
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 1/1
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 1/1
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 1/1
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 1/1
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 1/1
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 1/1
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 2/2
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 1/1
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 1/1
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 2/2
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 1/1
I5893 Neolithic Ukraine 5374–5226 1/1
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 1/1
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 1/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 2/2
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 2/2
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 1/1
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 2/2
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 2/2
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 2/2
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 1/1
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 2/2
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 2/2
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 1/1
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 5/5

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/15
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 0/1
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/18
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/14
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/5
Falkenstein Mesolithic Germany 7460–7040 0/1
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/7
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/6
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/9
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/8
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/12
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/5
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/8
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/2
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/6
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 0/1
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/4
I4870 Mesolithic Serbia 7045–6535 0/3
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/17
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/21
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/16
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/16
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/5
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/6
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/3
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/5
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/8
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/4
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/4
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/8
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/7
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/11
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/15
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/23
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/3
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/3
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/5
I5408 Mesolithic Romania 6000–5000 0/1
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/2
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/16
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/13
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/24
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/6
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/1
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/6
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/25
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/13
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/13
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/21
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/16
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/15
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/20
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/19
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/7
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/27
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/19
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/21
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/15
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/21
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 0/2
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/4
I0704 Neolithic Bulgaria 6034–5843 0/1
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/21
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/9
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I2216 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/29
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/3
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/10
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/1
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/5
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/18
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/3
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/12
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/2
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/7
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/2
I5872 Neolithic Ukraine 5489–5375 0/1
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/2
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/4
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/11
I3716 Neolithic Ukraine 5469–5328 0/1
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/1
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/7
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/7
I5886 Neolithic Ukraine 5314–5220 0/1
I5878 Neolithic Ukraine 5299–5076 0/1
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/8
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/3
I5879 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I5881 Neolithic Ukraine 5218–5059 0/1
I3713 Neolithic Ukraine 5190–4911 0/1
I5889 Neolithic Ukraine 5310–4785 0/1
I3719 Neolithic Ukraine 4949–4799 0/3
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/11
I1378 Neolithic Ukraine 4519–4343 0/1
I5068 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/6
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/7
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/28
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/16
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/5
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/13
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/14
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/1
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/15
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/4
I4168 Sopot Croatia 4763–4536 0/1
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/9
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/6
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/7
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/4
ANI160 Varna Bulgaria 4685–4499 0/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/5
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/8
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/1
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/6
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/9
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/1
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/8
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/5
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/3
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/2
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/24
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/15
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/3
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 10/19
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/11
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/8
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/18
I1926 Trypillia Ukraine 3931–3640 0/1
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/6
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/49
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/26
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/41
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/4
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/6
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/6
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/6
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/2
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/4
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/3
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/2
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 5/15
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/10
I4629 Corded Ware Latvia 3089–2676 0/1
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/2
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/2
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/22
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/9
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/23
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/23
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/29
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/3
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/16
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/15
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/22
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/19
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/54

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
Rochedane Epipaleolithic France 11140–10880 0/2
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 1/1
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 1/1
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/1
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/1
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/1
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/1
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/1
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 1/3
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/1
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 1/2
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 1/1
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 2/2
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/4
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 1/1
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/1
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/1
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/3
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 1/4
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 1/2
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/1
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/2
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/1
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/4
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 4/4
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/1
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/1
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 2/2
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/1
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 1/3
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/3
I5408 Mesolithic Romania 6000–5000 2/2
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 2/4
I4665 Lepenski Vir Serbia 6205–5907 0/1
I5405 Lepenski Vir Serbia 5836–5632 0/1
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/1
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/6
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/3
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/10
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 3/3
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/2
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 1/1
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/3
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 1/3
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 1/5
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/2
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 2/2
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 1/1
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 2/2
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 0/2
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/2
I0704 Neolithic Bulgaria 6034–5843 0/1
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/7
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/2
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/1
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/1
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/3
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/4
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 1/1
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/1
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/4
I3716 Neolithic Ukraine 5469–5328 0/1
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/2
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/1
I5869 Neolithic Ukraine 6500–4000 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/4
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/1
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/3
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/1
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/3
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/6
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/5
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/1
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/9
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/3
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/2
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/1
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/2
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/2
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/7
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/1
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/2
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/9
I2425 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4679–4450 0/1
I2181 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4550–4455 0/1
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/1
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/1
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/1
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/2
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/1
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/2
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/2
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/2
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 2/4
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/1
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/3
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/2
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/7
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 1/1
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/1
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/1
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/3
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/1
I2440 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/1
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/2
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/1
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/4
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 1/2
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/3
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/1
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/2
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/5
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/1
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/1
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/1

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
Rochedane Epipaleolithic France 11140–10880 0/2
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/2
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 1/1
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 1/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/2
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/4
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/1
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/1
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/1
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/2
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/1
I4870 Mesolithic Serbia 7045–6535 0/1
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/2
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/1
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/3
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/1
I4872 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/1
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/1
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/7
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/1
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/3
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/1
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/1
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/2
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/2
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/2
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/1
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/8
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/1
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/2
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/3
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/2
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/2
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/1
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/1
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/2
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/2
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/1
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/1
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/1
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/1
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/2
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/2
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/1
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/2
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/1
I5879 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I5883 Neolithic Ukraine 5208–5003 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/1
I5068 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/2
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/1
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/1
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/6
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/3
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/1
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/4
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/3
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/3
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/1
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/3
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/1
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/1
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/1
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/1
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/2
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/1
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/1
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/2
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/1
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/1
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/1
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/3
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/3
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/1
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/1
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/1
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/1
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/3
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/1
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/1
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/1
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/1
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/5
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/3
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/2
I4175 Vučedol Croatia 3000–2700 0/1
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/2

KITLG, rs642742, Veddoid brown skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 1/1
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 1/1
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 1/1
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 1/1
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/1
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 1/1
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 1/1
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/1
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/1
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 1/1
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 3/3
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 1/1
I0785 Copper Age Bulgaria 4455–4359 1/1
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 1/1
I2792 Vučedol Croatia 2872–2582 1/1

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
Rochedane Epipaleolithic France 11140–10880 0/2
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/11
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 0/3
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/19
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/33
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/2
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/7
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/7
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/7
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/10
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/6
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/9
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/9
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/7
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/3
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/8
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 0/1
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/9
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/41
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/36
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/45
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/24
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/2
I4872 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/2
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/6
I5771 Mesolithic Serbia 6500–6250 0/1
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/3
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/18
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/7
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/9
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/8
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/9
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/13
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/33
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/26
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/50
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/1
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/1
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 0/1
I4655 Mesolithic Romania 7060–6570 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/6
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/1
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/7
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/43
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/28
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/58
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/20
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/3
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/11
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/66
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/27
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/41
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/43
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/59
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/29
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/47
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/42
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/6
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/72
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/45
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/32
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/39
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/51
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/3
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/35
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/9
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1109 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/3
I1295 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/3
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/93
I1298 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 6032–5837 0/1
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/4
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/7
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/1
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/2
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/18
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/37
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/4
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/20
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/1
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/8
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/1
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/4
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/13
I5891 Neolithic Ukraine 5465–5310 0/1
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/7
I5893 Neolithic Ukraine 5374–5226 0/1
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/16
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/10
I5886 Neolithic Ukraine 5314–5220 0/2
I5869 Neolithic Ukraine 6500–4000 0/1
I5878 Neolithic Ukraine 5299–5076 0/2
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/10
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/3
I5888 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/2
I5892 Neolithic Ukraine 5301–4982 0/1
I5889 Neolithic Ukraine 5310–4785 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/10
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/8
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/13
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/21
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/18
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/13
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/23
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/30
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/9
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/25
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/6
I4168 Sopot Croatia 4763–4536 0/2
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/13
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/15
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/5
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/2
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/8
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/2
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/6
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/3
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/2
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/6
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/6
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/6
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/5
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/69
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 19/30
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/12
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/50
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/24
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/16
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/20
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/8
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/145
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/100
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/112
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/10
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/5
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/4
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/1
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/5
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/2
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/32
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/38
I4629 Corded Ware Latvia 3089–2676 0/3
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/6
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/3
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/30
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/39
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/85
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/53
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/77
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/10
I2792 Vučedol Croatia 2872–2582 0/2
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/35
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/36
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/36
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/53
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/76

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 2/18
I1737 Mesolithic Ukraine 8540–8301 0/1
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/19
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/25
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/4
Falkenstein Mesolithic Germany 7460–7040 0/1
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 1/7
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/13
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/9
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/10
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/4
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/6
I5773 Mesolithic Serbia 8240–7940 0/1
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/5
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/8
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/8
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 1/2
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/3
I4870 Mesolithic Serbia 7045–6535 0/2
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/28
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/35
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/46
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/26
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/2
I4872 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 1/2
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 1/8
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/2
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/17
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/10
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/7
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/6
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 1/11
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/17
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/26
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/27
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/43
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/2
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 0/2
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 1/5
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/1
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/7
I4666 Lepenski Vir Serbia 6222–5912 0/1
I4665 Lepenski Vir Serbia 6205–5907 0/1
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/4
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/31
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/24
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/47
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/22
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 1/5
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/54
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/26
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/30
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/37
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/48
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/27
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/29
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/35
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/7
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/47
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/35
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/29
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/30
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/46
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 0/1
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/6
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/30
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/9
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/3
I1109 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/3
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1295 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/3
I2215 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2216 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/81
I1298 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 6032–5837 0/1
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/4
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/7
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/2
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/3
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/18
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/23
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/1
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/18
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 1/2
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/4
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/1
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/2
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/12
I3716 Neolithic Ukraine 5469–5328 0/1
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/5
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/12
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/3
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/6
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/2
I5879 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I5892 Neolithic Ukraine 5301–4982 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/14
I1378 Neolithic Ukraine 4519–4343 0/3
I5068 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/2
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/11
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/11
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/25
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/23
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/11
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/26
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/32
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/1
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/10
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/21
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/13
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/18
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/8
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/4
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/7
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/4
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/1
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 1/7
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/10
I2181 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4550–4455 0/1
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 1/2
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/6
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/7
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/3
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/52
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/34
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/6
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/44
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/14
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/10
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/22
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/8
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/112
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/81
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/76
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/9
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/2
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/5
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/1
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/9
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/2
Bul10 Ezero Bulgaria 3090–2924 0/2
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/4
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/30
I3141 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/1
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 4/16
I4629 Corded Ware Latvia 3089–2676 0/1
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/3
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/2
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/33
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/22
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/49
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/27
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/45
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/6
I2792 Vučedol Croatia 2872–2582 0/2
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/19
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/28
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/20
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/43
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/65

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/5
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/8
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/11
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/2
Falkenstein Mesolithic Germany 7460–7040 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/3
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/1
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/3
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/4
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/1
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/3
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/2
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/5
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/3
I4870 Mesolithic Serbia 7045–6535 0/1
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/7
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/15
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/14
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/9
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/7
I5771 Mesolithic Serbia 6500–6250 0/1
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/7
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/5
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/2
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/2
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/4
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/19
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/12
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/12
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/1
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/1
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/2
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/16
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/12
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/16
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/9
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/2
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/15
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/7
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/13
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/19
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/21
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/15
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/11
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/12
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/2
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/17
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/15
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/6
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/16
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/13
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/3
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/11
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/2
I1295 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 11/22
I1298 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 6032–5837 0/1
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/2
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/5
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/5
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/8
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/1
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/10
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/2
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/3
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/4
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/5
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/2
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/1
I5892 Neolithic Ukraine 5301–4982 0/1
I5889 Neolithic Ukraine 5310–4785 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/6
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/1
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/15
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/6
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/6
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/10
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/13
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/1
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/1
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/4
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/3
I4168 Sopot Croatia 4763–4536 0/1
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/3
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/1
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/2
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/1
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/1
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/1
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/1
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/1
I2425 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4679–4450 0/1
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/1
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/1
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/2
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 3/5
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/1
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/23
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/13
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/4
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/18
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/3
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/4
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/10
I3151 Trypillia Ukraine 4000–3600 0/1
I1926 Trypillia Ukraine 3931–3640 0/1
I2110 Trypillia Ukraine 3911–3659 0/2
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/3
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/41
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/45
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/35
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/3
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/1
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/1
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/1
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/2
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/1
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/16
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/12
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/2
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/17
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/8
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/18
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/1
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/11
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 8/9
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/10
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/17
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/25

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/12
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 0/2
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/17
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/25
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/3
Falkenstein Mesolithic Germany 7460–7040 0/2
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/7
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/7
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/7
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/4
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/3
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/15
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/11
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/6
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/9
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 0/2
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/5
I4870 Mesolithic Serbia 7045–6535 0/1
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/28
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/28
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/27
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/16
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/5
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/7
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/1
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/13
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/5
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/4
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/10
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/10
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/12
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/27
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/12
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/28
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/1
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/2
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/4
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/2
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/6
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/3
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/22
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/16
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/22
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/23
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/2
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/10
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/32
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/16
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/17
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/29
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/31
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/27
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/21
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/24
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/9
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/31
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/28
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/18
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/32
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/34
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 0/2
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/5
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/26
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/8
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1109 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/3
I1295 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1297 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I3879 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/43
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/1
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/14
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/3
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/1
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/7
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/26
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/4
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/16
Berry-au-Bac Mesolithic France 5370–5220 0/1
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/1
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/6
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/7
I5873 Neolithic Ukraine 5469–5322 0/1
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/3
I5893 Neolithic Ukraine 5374–5226 0/1
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/12
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/2
I5886 Neolithic Ukraine 5314–5220 0/3
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/4
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/3
I5888 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I5892 Neolithic Ukraine 5301–4982 0/2
I3713 Neolithic Ukraine 5190–4911 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/5
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/15
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/12
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/33
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/15
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/20
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/20
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/23
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/8
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/10
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/11
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 6/11
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/10
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/1
ANI152 Varna Bulgaria 4683–4406 0/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/5
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/4
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/4
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/7
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/2
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/2
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/2
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/2
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/29
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/16
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/5
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/41
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/10
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/9
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/18
I1926 Trypillia Ukraine 3931–3640 0/1
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/8
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/74
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/71
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/60
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/3
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/5
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/4
I2434 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/2
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/1
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/3
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/1
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/3
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/23
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/12
I4629 Corded Ware Latvia 3089–2676 0/4
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/1
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/3
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/35
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/10
Bul8 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/1
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/34
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/17
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/42
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/4
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/21
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/25
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/12
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/41
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/55

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
Rochedane Epipaleolithic France 11140–10880 0/2
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/14
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 0/1
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/19
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/38
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/2
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/10
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/12
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/11
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/14
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/9
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/10
I5773 Mesolithic Serbia 8240–7940 0/1
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 1/6
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/4
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/10
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 0/2
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 1/8
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/43
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/45
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/50
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/29
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/3
I4872 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/2
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/8
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/3
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/23
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/8
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/13
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/10
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/9
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/19
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/38
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/32
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/57
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/1
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/3
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 0/1
I4655 Mesolithic Romania 7060–6570 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/3
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/2
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/9
I4665 Lepenski Vir Serbia 6205–5907 0/1
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 1/2
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/43
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/30
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/57
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/20
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/3
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 1/11
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/66
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/35
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/42
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/49
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/68
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/32
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/50
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/48
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/6
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/69
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/55
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/38
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/41
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/65
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 0/1
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/2
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/32
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/8
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1109 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1295 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 1/4
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/90
I1298 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 6032–5837 0/2
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/6
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/9
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/1
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/3
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/22
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/37
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/3
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/22
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/2
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/7
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/1
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/4
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/13
I3716 Neolithic Ukraine 5469–5328 0/1
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/6
I5893 Neolithic Ukraine 5374–5226 0/1
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 1/12
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 1/8
I5886 Neolithic Ukraine 5314–5220 0/2
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/10
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/3
I5888 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I5892 Neolithic Ukraine 5301–4982 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/11
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/8
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/15
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/25
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/24
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/15
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/31
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/40
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/1
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/13
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/27
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/14
I4168 Sopot Croatia 4763–4536 0/2
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/18
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/15
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/5
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/6
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 2/9
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/4
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/5
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/2
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/7
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/7
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/4
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/6
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/74
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/39
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/12
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/52
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/24
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/15
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/23
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/9
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/147
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/105
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/108
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/11
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/4
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 1/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/5
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/1
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 1/6
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/2
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/1
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/42
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/33
I4629 Corded Ware Latvia 3089–2676 0/3
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 1/7
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/2
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/40
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/35
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/85
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/53
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/71
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 1/10
I2792 Vučedol Croatia 2872–2582 0/2
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/33
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/39
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/36
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/60
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/82

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
Rochedane Epipaleolithic France 11140–10880 0/2
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/3
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 0/3
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/13
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/30
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/2
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/4
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/3
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/5
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/3
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/3
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/3
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/5
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/3
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/3
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 1/4
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 0/1
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/6
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/34
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/30
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/33
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/20
I4872 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/3
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/3
I5771 Mesolithic Serbia 6500–6250 0/1
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/2
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/11
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/3
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/7
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/5
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/4
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/5
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/19
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/25
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/41
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/1
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 0/1
I4655 Mesolithic Romania 7060–6570 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 1/6
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/1
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/5
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/3
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/32
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/15
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/43
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/11
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/11
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/49
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/20
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/30
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/31
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/49
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/21
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/37
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/34
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/4
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/59
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/31
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/20
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 2/23
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/48
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/3
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/26
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/8
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1109 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1295 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/73
I1298 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 6032–5837 0/1
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/3
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/5
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/2
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/17
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/29
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/5
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/13
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/1
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/7
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/1
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/4
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/12
I5891 Neolithic Ukraine 5465–5310 0/2
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/6
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/11
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 1/8
I5869 Neolithic Ukraine 6500–4000 0/1
I5878 Neolithic Ukraine 5299–5076 0/2
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/9
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/3
I5888 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I5892 Neolithic Ukraine 5301–4982 0/1
I5889 Neolithic Ukraine 5310–4785 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 1/10
I1378 Neolithic Ukraine 4519–4343 0/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/5
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/11
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/17
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/14
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/13
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/13
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/17
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/4
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/20
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/7
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/9
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/13
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/4
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/2
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/4
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/3
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 1/5
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/2
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/3
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 3/4
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 1/3
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/4
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/4
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/57
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/22
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/11
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/39
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/17
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/13
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/19
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/3
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/100
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/76
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/89
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/8
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/4
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/4
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/1
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 1/1
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/23
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/28
I4629 Corded Ware Latvia 3089–2676 0/2
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 1/6
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/3
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/25
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/28
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/70
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/43
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/63
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/7
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/22
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/28
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/33
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/32
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/65

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/33
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/19
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/55
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/6
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/16
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/20
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/12
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/30
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/23
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/24
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/13
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/18
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/34
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 0/2
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/29
I4870 Mesolithic Serbia 7045–6535 0/3
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/33
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/53
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/63
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/21
I4872 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/4
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/31
I5771 Mesolithic Serbia 6500–6250 0/3
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/5
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/26
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/19
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/25
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/12
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/25
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/23
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/41
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/32
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/67
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/6
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/3
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/4
I5408 Mesolithic Romania 6000–5000 0/3
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/8
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/2
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/47
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/37
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/51
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/33
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/3
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/15
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/52
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/37
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/39
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/47
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/50
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/41
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/38
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/31
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/6
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/59
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/45
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/45
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/53
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/52
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 0/1
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/15
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/50
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/13
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/4
I1109 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1297 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2215 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2216 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/68
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/1
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/16
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/1
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/14
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/15
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/44
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/3
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/22
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/1
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/2
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/3
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/2
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/4
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/9
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/2
I5893 Neolithic Ukraine 5374–5226 0/1
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/13
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/6
I6133 Neolithic Ukraine 6500–4000 0/1
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/6
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/2
I5888 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I5892 Neolithic Ukraine 5301–4982 0/1
I5881 Neolithic Ukraine 5218–5059 0/1
I3719 Neolithic Ukraine 4949–4799 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/7
I5068 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/29
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/22
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/50
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/30
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/21
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/36
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/42
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/2
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/15
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/28
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/20
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/17
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/18
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/2
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/11
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/9
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/2
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/6
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/11
I2425 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4679–4450 0/1
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/10
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/10
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/10
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/6
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/4
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/55
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/39
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/13
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/42
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/16
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/11
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/25
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/19
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/155
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/83
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/78
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/8
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/6
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/1
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/7
I2405 Globular Amphora Poland 3335–3020 0/1
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/7
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/7
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/1
Bul10 Ezero Bulgaria 3090–2924 0/1
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/5
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/65
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/20
I4629 Corded Ware Latvia 3089–2676 0/2
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/10
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/2
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/59
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/35
Bul8 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/1
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/105
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/62
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/84
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/7
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/31
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/37
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/37
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/58
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/50

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/2
I1737 Mesolithic Ukraine 8540–8301 0/1
Falkenstein Mesolithic Germany 7460–7040 0/1
I4657 Mesolithic Serbia 9755–9275 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/1
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/1
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 1/2
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/4
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/1
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/1
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/1
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/1
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/1
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/1
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/3
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/1
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/1
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/2
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/1
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/1
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/1
I5408 Mesolithic Romania 6000–5000 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/2
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/1
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/1
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/1
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/1
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/2
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/1
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/2
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/3
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/1
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/4
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/2
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/1
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/1
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/2
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/1
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/1
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/1
I3719 Neolithic Ukraine 4949–4799 0/2
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/2
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/1
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/1
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/2
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/2
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/3
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/1
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/1
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/1
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/1
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/1
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/3
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/1
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/1
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/1
Bul10 Ezero Bulgaria 3090–2924 0/1
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/1
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/1
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/1
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/1
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/4
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/2

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
Iboussières 25-1 Epipaleolithic France 10090–9460 3/3
Iboussières 31-2 Epipaleolithic France 10090–9460 0/1
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/9
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/15
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/13
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/4
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/12
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/10
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/12
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/12
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/5
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/5
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/8
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/10
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/14
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/7
I4870 Mesolithic Serbia 7045–6535 0/4
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/14
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/11
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/13
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/11
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/3
I4872 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/13
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/6
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/15
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/13
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/7
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/10
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/13
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/15
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/17
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/12
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/7
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/3
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/8
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 1/3
I5408 Mesolithic Romania 6000–5000 0/2
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/8
I5405 Lepenski Vir Serbia 5836–5632 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/8
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/16
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/19
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/25
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/8
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/15
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/16
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/13
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/7
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/8
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/11
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/10
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/7
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/1
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/5
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/7
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/9
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/10
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/9
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 0/1
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/6
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/22
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/9
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/3
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I3879 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/24
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/1
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/11
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/1
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/4
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/5
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/15
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/6
Berry-au-Bac Mesolithic France 5370–5220 0/1
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/1
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/2
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/2
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/4
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/10
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/8
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/1
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/3
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/1
I5883 Neolithic Ukraine 5208–5003 0/1
I3719 Neolithic Ukraine 4949–4799 0/4
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/5
I5068 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/4
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/13
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/11
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/19
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/14
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/5
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/11
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/22
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/1
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/9
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/16
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/10
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/12
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/12
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 1/2
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/3
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/4
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/1
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/9
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/4
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/4
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/2
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/7
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/5
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/15
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/5
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/3
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/11
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/7
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/2
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/9
I1926 Trypillia Ukraine 3931–3640 0/1
I2110 Trypillia Ukraine 3911–3659 0/1
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/11
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/24
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/20
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/18
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 4/8
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/3
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/3
I2405 Globular Amphora Poland 3335–3020 0/1
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/3
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/4
I2440 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/1
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/4
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/17
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/2
I4629 Corded Ware Latvia 3089–2676 0/3
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/3
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/2
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/21
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/2
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/22
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/43
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/38
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/2
I2792 Vučedol Croatia 2872–2582 0/1
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/12
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/2
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/17
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/17
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/10

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
Rochedane Epipaleolithic France 11140–10880 0/3
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/3
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 2/5
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 12/16
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 1/4
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/2
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/4
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/3
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/3
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/2
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/2
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/3
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/1
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/3
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/3
I4870 Mesolithic Serbia 7045–6535 0/2
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/10
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/8
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/11
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/7
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/2
I4872 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/2
I5771 Mesolithic Serbia 6500–6250 0/1
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/1
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/4
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 1/3
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 1/6
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/1
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/8
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/12
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 1/8
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/1
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/1
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 2/3
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/1
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/2
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/5
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 1/8
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/6
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/18
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/1
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/2
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/12
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/5
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 2/10
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/12
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/11
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/8
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 1/10
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/14
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/3
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/6
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 2/9
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/7
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 1/7
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/12
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/5
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/11
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/4
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1296 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2215 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2216 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 1/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/13
I1298 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 6032–5837 0/1
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/3
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/1
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/1
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/3
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/4
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/1
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/2
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/3
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/2
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/5
I3716 Neolithic Ukraine 5469–5328 0/1
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 2/10
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/3
I5869 Neolithic Ukraine 6500–4000 2/2
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/3
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/5
I5879 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I5892 Neolithic Ukraine 5301–4982 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/8
I1378 Neolithic Ukraine 4519–4343 0/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/3
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/6
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/7
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/7
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 1/4
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 1/7
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/4
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/1
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 2/9
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/8
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/6
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/3
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/5
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/4
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/4
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/1
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/2
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/5
I2425 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4679–4450 0/1
I2181 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4550–4455 0/1
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/3
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/3
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/3
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/4
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/3
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/18
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/5
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/4
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/8
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/6
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/7
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/4
I2110 Trypillia Ukraine 3911–3659 0/1
I2111 Trypillia Ukraine 3758–3636 0/1
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/3
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/29
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/17
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/17
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/4
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/2
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/1
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/5
I2434 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/1
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/1
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/2
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/1
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/1
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 1/6
I3141 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 1/1
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/2
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/2
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/3
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/10
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/1
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/10
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/12
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/10
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 1/5
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/5
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/8
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 9/13
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/26

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
Rochedane Epipaleolithic France 11140–10880 0/1
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/1
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/4
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/6
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/4
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/2
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/2
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/3
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/1
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/2
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/4
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/3
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/1
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/4
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/5
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/5
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/3
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/9
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/1
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/4
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/2
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/3
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/4
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/5
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/3
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/3
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/4
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/4
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/2
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/7
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/1
I5408 Mesolithic Romania 6000–5000 0/2
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/3
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/1
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/6
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/13
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/1
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/1
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/2
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/2
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/5
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/3
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/3
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/2
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/1
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/3
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/4
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/3
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/4
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/2
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/2
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 0/2
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/3
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/4
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/1
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/6
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/2
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/3
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/1
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/1
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/3
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/3
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/1
I5872 Neolithic Ukraine 5489–5375 0/1
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/1
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/5
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/2
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/1
I5881 Neolithic Ukraine 5218–5059 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/2
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/5
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/3
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/6
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/5
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/3
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/4
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/4
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/4
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/3
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/3
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/3
I4167 Sopot Croatia 4790–4558 0/2
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/1
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/2
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/3
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/4
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/9
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/5
I2425 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4679–4450 0/1
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/3
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/2
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/2
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/2
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/3
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/1
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/3
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/4
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/2
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/1
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/3
I1926 Trypillia Ukraine 3931–3640 0/1
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/5
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/15
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/4
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/3
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/1
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/1
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/2
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/2
I2440 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/1
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/1
Bul10 Ezero Bulgaria 3090–2924 0/1
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/6
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/1
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/1
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/4
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/3
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/10
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/9
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/5
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/3
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/4

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
Iboussières 25-1 Epipaleolithic France 10090–9460 2/2
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/7
I1737 Mesolithic Ukraine 8540–8301 0/1
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/7
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 3/6
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/2
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/4
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/5
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/3
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/8
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/4
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/2
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/7
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/5
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 1/2
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/3
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/4
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/4
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 2/5
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 3/4
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 1/2
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 2/2
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/2
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 2/2
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 1/1
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 1/3
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/3
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/5
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 1/2
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/2
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/5
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/2
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 5/7
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 3/7
I4607 Mesolithic Romania 7340–6640 1/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 2/2
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/2
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/1
I5405 Lepenski Vir Serbia 5836–5632 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/3
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/3
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 1/3
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/12
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 1/1
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 6/6
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 4/4
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 7/7
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/3
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 1/1
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 2/2
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 5/6
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 7/7
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 1/1
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 4/4
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 2/5
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 2/7
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 2/2
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 2/2
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 1/1
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/3
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 10/10
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/1
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 4/7
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/3
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/1
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 1/2
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/2
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 2/3
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 1/1
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 2/2
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/1
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/3
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/1
I5872 Neolithic Ukraine 5489–5375 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/1
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/1
I3716 Neolithic Ukraine 5469–5328 0/1
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/2
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/4
I5886 Neolithic Ukraine 5314–5220 0/1
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 1/1
I5879 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I3719 Neolithic Ukraine 4949–4799 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/4
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 1/1
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/2
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 3/3
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/7
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/2
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 1/6
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/5
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 1/1
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/16
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 1/3
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/2
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 2/8
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/1
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 2/2
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/3
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/3
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 2/3
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 2/3
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 3/6
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/1
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 1/1
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/4
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 1/2
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/7
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 2/6
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 1/1
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 1/2
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/2
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/2
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 1/3
I1926 Trypillia Ukraine 3931–3640 1/1
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/5
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/8
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 13/13
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 1/3
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 2/3
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 2/2
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 1/1
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 2/2
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 1/1
I2435 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 1/1
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/2
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/7
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/1
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/1
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 1/1
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/13
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 9/9
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 8/9
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 12/13
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/1
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 5/5
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/4
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 1/2
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 1/1

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 2/3
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 1/1
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 5/5
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 2/2
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/1
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/2
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/1
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 1/1
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/1
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 1/1
I5771 Mesolithic Serbia 6500–6250 1/2
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 1/1
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 1/1
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 1/1
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 2/2
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/2
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/1
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 1/1
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 1/1
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 7/7
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 1/2
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/1
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/1
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 1/1
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 1/1
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 3/3
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 1/2
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 3/3
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 1/1
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 1/1
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 1/1
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 3/3
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 1/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 1/1
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 1/1
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 1/1
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 2/2
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/3
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 3/3
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 1/1
I5872 Neolithic Ukraine 5489–5375 1/1
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 1/2
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 1/1
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 1/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 4/4
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 1/1
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 1/1
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 1/1
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 1/1
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 1/1
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 1/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 1/1
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 1/1
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 5/5
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 2/2
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 1/1
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 2/2
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 1/1
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 1/1
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 2/2
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 1/1
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 3/3
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 2/2
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 1/1
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 1/1
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 1/1
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 1/1
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 1/1
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 1/1
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 2/2
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 1/1
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 2/2
I4175 Vučedol Croatia 3000–2700 1/1
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 2/2
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 2/2
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 2/2
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 4/4

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 12/20
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 11/19
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/29
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/3
Falkenstein Mesolithic Germany 7460–7040 0/1
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 3/13
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 9/18
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/11
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/16
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 10/12
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/16
I5773 Mesolithic Serbia 8240–7940 1/1
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 12/21
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/15
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/7
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 7/14
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/14
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 7/17
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 21/43
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/33
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 17/28
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/5
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/18
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/4
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/18
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/22
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/16
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/8
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/21
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 7/14
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/41
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/24
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/30
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/3
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/6
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/3
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/8
I5405 Lepenski Vir Serbia 5836–5632 1/1
I2534 Mesolithic/Neolithic Romania 6061–5985 0/1
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/24
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/22
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/30
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 11/20
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/5
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 9/14
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/26
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/19
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/33
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/27
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 34/34
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/19
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 11/26
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/15
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/10
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/24
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 12/21
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 7/18
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 11/20
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 20/20
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 3/3
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 6/6
I0704 Neolithic Bulgaria 6034–5843 0/1
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/25
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/10
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 2/2
I1113 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 1/1
I1295 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 2/2
I2216 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I3879 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/36
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/1
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/12
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/3
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/4
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 7/12
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 13/24
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/14
I5885 Neolithic Ukraine 6392–5927 0/1
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/3
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/2
I5870 Neolithic Ukraine 5475–5344 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/2
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 7/9
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 4/11
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/1
I5869 Neolithic Ukraine 6500–4000 0/1
I5957 Neolithic Ukraine 6500–4000 0/1
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/3
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/2
I5888 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I5883 Neolithic Ukraine 5208–5003 0/1
I3719 Neolithic Ukraine 4949–4799 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/9
I5068 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 10/20
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/14
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 17/32
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 15/28
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/28
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 12/21
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 5/22
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 7/7
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/8
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 6/14
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 18/18
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 11/11
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 1/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/6
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 8/8
I2318 Neolithic Greece 4043–3947 0/3
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 3/7
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 8/12
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/7
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 3/7
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/5
I2426 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4450–4264 0/1
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/4
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 1/2
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 6/18
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/17
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 7/7
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/27
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/10
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/11
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 19/19
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 6/14
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 41/77
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 23/46
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 50/50
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 4/4
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 5/5
I5882 Copper Age Ukraine 3264–2929 0/1
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/6
I2434 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 1/1
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 4/4
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/2
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 42/42
I3141 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/1
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 7/10
I4629 Corded Ware Latvia 3089–2676 0/3
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 3/6
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/1
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/35
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 6/10
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 11/19
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 14/14
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 26/26
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 0/6
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 17/17
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 14/24
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 31/31
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 31/31
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 9/25

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/16
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/9
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/9
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/2
I1875 Mesolithic Croatia 7308–7027 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/3
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 0/4
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/5
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/5
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/9
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 0/5
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/12
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/7
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/5
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/2
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 0/3
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/6
I4870 Mesolithic Serbia 7045–6535 0/2
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/4
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/4
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/2
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/6
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/3
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/5
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/2
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/7
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/6
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/2
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/6
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/5
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 4/10
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 0/1
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/4
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/7
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/2
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/6
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/4
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/3
I5408 Mesolithic Romania 6000–5000 0/2
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/3
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 0/1
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/6
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 0/9
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 13/28
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 0/3
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/1
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/4
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/4
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/6
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/3
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/2
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/2
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/7
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/2
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/7
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/2
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/3
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/3
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/3
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/6
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/16
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 0/4
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/2
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1109 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1295 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1297 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/9
I2526 Early Neolithic Bulgaria 5466–5305 0/1
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 8/8
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/1
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 2/2
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/5
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 0/8
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/2
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/3
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/5
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/1
I4114 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5329 0/2
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/4
I3717 Neolithic Ukraine 5460–5218 0/1
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/6
I3718 Neolithic Ukraine 5345–5215 0/1
I5878 Neolithic Ukraine 5299–5076 0/1
I5875 Neolithic Ukraine 5291–5060 0/1
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/2
I4112 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I3719 Neolithic Ukraine 4949–4799 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/3
I1378 Neolithic Ukraine 4519–4343 0/1
I5068 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/7
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 5/5
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/5
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/8
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/2
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/7
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/5
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/5
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/12
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/5
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/3
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/6
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/3
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/1
ANI159 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4530 0/1
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 1/3
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 0/7
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/5
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 2/8
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/1
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/2
I2427 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4445–4335 0/2
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/1
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/1
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/6
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/3
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/2
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/6
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/7
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 0/3
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 3/6
I1926 Trypillia Ukraine 3931–3640 0/1
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/3
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/11
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/8
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 11/11
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/1
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/1
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/1
I2441 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 1/1
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/2
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 0/2
Bul10 Ezero Bulgaria 3090–2924 1/2
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/8
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/2
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 1/2
I2175 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3328–3015 0/2
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 6/9
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/1
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 0/11
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 0/8
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/23
I3499 Vučedol Croatia 2884–2666 2/3
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/4
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 4/4
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 3/3
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/7
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 1/1

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I1819 Mesolithic Ukraine 8825–8561 0/4
I1737 Mesolithic Ukraine 8540–8301 0/1
I1733 Mesolithic Ukraine 9000–7500 0/1
I1763 Mesolithic Ukraine 8280–7967 0/4
I1734 Mesolithic Ukraine 7446–7058 0/4
I5876 Mesolithic Ukraine 7040–6703 0/1
I5241 Mesolithic Serbia 9297–9194 0/8
I5235 Mesolithic Serbia 9221–8548 1/5
I5240 Mesolithic Serbia 9140–8570 0/4
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/8
I5242 Mesolithic Serbia 8805–8355 0/6
I5239 Mesolithic Serbia 8535–8230 1/6
I5236 Mesolithic Serbia 8290–7825 0/5
I5238 Mesolithic Serbia 8265–7820 0/5
I5234 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/3
I5237 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/9
I5409 Mesolithic Serbia 9500–6200 0/1
I5401 Mesolithic Serbia 7076–6699 0/2
I4916 Mesolithic Serbia 7035–6590 0/7
I4874 Mesolithic Serbia 6636–6476 0/1
I4877 Mesolithic Serbia 6645–6465 0/6
I4875 Mesolithic Serbia 6615–6400 0/6
I4876 Mesolithic Serbia 6635–6375 0/6
I4871 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/2
I4872 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/1
I5772 Mesolithic Serbia 7100–5900 0/2
I4881 Mesolithic Serbia 6570–6255 0/7
I5402 Mesolithic Serbia 6361–6050 0/7
I4914 Mesolithic Serbia 6355–5990 0/4
I4915 Mesolithic Serbia 6340–5990 0/9
I4917 Mesolithic Serbia 6220–5995 0/1
I5233 Mesolithic Serbia 6224–5878 0/5
I4882 Mesolithic Serbia 6200–5900 0/6
I5232 Mesolithic Serbia 6061–5841 0/3
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 1/9
I4880 Mesolithic Serbia 6000–5725 0/5
I4878 Mesolithic Serbia 5995–5710 0/6
I4081 Mesolithic Romania 7580–7190 0/1
I5436 Mesolithic Romania 7451–6698 0/2
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 0/6
I5411 Mesolithic Romania 7000–6300 0/1
I5408 Mesolithic Romania 6000–5000 0/2
I5407 Lepenski Vir Serbia 8300–7400 0/3
I3948 Cardial Croatia 6005–5814 3/4
I3947 Cardial Croatia 5986–5786 0/2
I3433 Cardial Croatia 5976–5751 2/4
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 0/27
I3498 Starčevo Croatia 5837–5659 2/3
I4630 Mesolithic Latvia 7465–7078 0/2
I4550 Mesolithic Latvia 6601–6476 0/6
I4632 Mesolithic Latvia 6467–6249 0/5
I4596 Mesolithic Latvia 6061–5990 0/4
I4432 Mesolithic Latvia 6075–5920 0/6
I4551 Mesolithic Latvia 5775–5666 0/3
I4439 Mesolithic Latvia 5763–5633 0/2
I4595 Mesolithic Latvia 5728–5646 0/7
I4434 Mesolithic Latvia 5606–5385 0/2
I4553 Mesolithic Latvia 5482–5375 0/1
I4552 Mesolithic Latvia 5479–5374 0/8
I4438 Mesolithic Latvia 5462–5220 0/4
I4440 Mesolithic Latvia 5220–5039 0/4
I4441 Mesolithic Latvia 4837–4713 0/7
I4437 Mesolithic Latvia 4329–4067 0/4
I0706 Neolithic Bulgaria 6022–5887 0/2
I0698 Neolithic Bulgaria 6000–5900 0/4
I0679 Neolithic Bulgaria 5718–5626 0/13
I2529 Neolithic Bulgaria 5726–5575 1/2
I0700 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1108 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I1109 Neolithic Bulgaria 5800–5400 0/1
I2521 Neolithic Bulgaria 5619–5491 0/9
I4918 Starčevo Serbia 6000–5300 0/4
I5071 Impressa Croatia 5670–5571 0/2
I5072 Impressa Croatia 5641–5560 0/2
I2532 Early Neolithic Romania 5715–5626 0/3
I2533 Early Neolithic Romania 5484–5372 1/1
I4626 Early Neolithic Latvia 5841–5636 0/1
I4628 Early Neolithic Latvia 5302–4852 0/3
I1736 Neolithic Ukraine 6248–6070 0/4
I3715 Neolithic Ukraine 5636–5521 0/1
I5872 Neolithic Ukraine 5489–5375 0/1
I1738 Neolithic Ukraine 5473–5326 0/5
I1732 Neolithic Ukraine 5364–5213 0/6
I5869 Neolithic Ukraine 6500–4000 0/1
I5878 Neolithic Ukraine 5299–5076 0/1
I5890 Neolithic Ukraine 5286–5062 0/1
I5879 Neolithic Ukraine 5500–4800 0/1
I4111 Neolithic Ukraine 4722–4548 0/3
I5068 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/1
I5069 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 0/9
I5070 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4775 1/5
I5204 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/6
I5205 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/14
I5206 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/6
I5207 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/6
I5208 Linear Pottery Austria 5500–4500 0/7
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 0/2
I0634 Neolithic Serbia 4710–4504 0/10
I1131 Neolithic Serbia 4605–4460 0/2
I5077 Sopot Croatia 5207–4945 0/3
I5078 Sopot Croatia 4692–4546 0/9
I2431 Middle Copper Age Bulgaria 4725–4605 0/3
ANI163 Varna Bulgaria 4711–4542 0/3
I5427 Neolithic Greece 6005–5879 0/2
I3708 Neolithic Greece 5500–3700 2/6
I3709 Neolithic Greece 3990–3804 0/2
I3920 Neolithic Greece 3933–3706 0/4
I2430 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4545–4450 0/3
I2423 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4520–4356 0/3
I2424 Late Copper Age Bulgaria 4448–4260 0/2
I0781 Copper Age Bulgaria 4528–4371 0/2
I2519 Copper Age Bulgaria 4337–4246 0/5
I4436 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4260–4050 0/5
I4627 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4251–3976 0/3
I4435 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4146–3960 0/4
I4554 Middle Neolithic Latvia 4042–3956 0/4
I4088 Copper Age Romania 4331–4076 2/3
I4089 Copper Age Romania 3761–3645 0/3
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 0/4
I2509 Bronze Age Bulgaria 4452–4354 0/7
I2520 Bronze Age Bulgaria 3336–3028 0/2
I2510 Bronze Age Bulgaria 2906–2710 0/6
I6561 Copper Age Ukraine 4045–3974 0/4
I4110 Copper Age Ukraine 3634–3377 0/2
I5884 Copper Age Ukraine 2890–2696 0/1
I2434 Globular Amphora Poland 3400–2800 0/1
I2433 Globular Amphora Poland 3100–2900 0/1
I2403 Globular Amphora Poland 2870–2575 1/2
I1917 Pit Grave Ukraine 3095–2915 0/3
I2105 Pit Grave Ukraine 3300–2700 0/4
Bul4 Pit Grave Bulgaria 3012–2900 0/2
I2176 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3338–3025 0/1
I2165 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3020–2895 0/8
Bul6 Early Bronze Age Bulgaria 3400–1600 0/1
ILK003 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2900–2709 1/2
ILK001 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2899–2706 3/9
ILK002 Globular Amphora Ukraine 2890–2694 0/12
I2163 Mid–Late Bronze Age Bulgaria 1750–1625 0/2
I4331 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1631–1521 0/6
I4332 Early–Mid Bronze Age Croatia 1618–1513 0/2
I3313 Late Bronze Age Croatia 805–761 0/6
I5769 Iron Age Bulgaria 500–400 0/3

TYRP1, rs2733831, light hair and eyes

Sample Culture Country Date BC D/T
I5244 Mesolithic Serbia 9115–8555 0/1
I4873 Mesolithic Serbia 6006–5838 1/1
I4582 Mesolithic Romania 7021–6473 1/1
I0676 Neolithic Macedonia 5979–5735 1/1
I0633 Neolithic Serbia 5604–5376 1/1
I5079 Copper Age Croatia 3710–3360 1/1
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Y-SNP calls from ancient Southeastern Europe

In the table below are links to Y-SNP calls for new DNA samples from ancient Europe, most of which are from Southeastern Europe.

Sample Country Culture Date BC Haplogroup
Iboussières 25-1 France Epipaleolithic 10,090–9460 I2~M438
Iboussières 31-2 France Epipaleolithic 10,090–9460 R1b1a~L754(x~V88)
I1819 Ukraine Mesolithic 8825–8561 R1a1~M459*
I1734 Ukraine Mesolithic 7446–7058 R1b1a2~V88
I4666 Serbia Lepenski Vir 6222–5912 R1b1a2~V88
I4439 Latvia Mesolithic 5763–5633 R1b1a1a~P297*
I4112 Ukraine Neolithic 5500–4800 R1b1a2~V88
I4114 Ukraine Neolithic 5473–5329 R1b1a2~V88*
I5891 Ukraine Neolithic 5465–5310 R1b1a2~V88
I5893 Ukraine Neolithic 5374–5226 R1b1a2~V88
I5892 Ukraine Neolithic 5301–4982 R1b1a~L754(xL388)
I5881 Ukraine Neolithic 5218–5059 R1b1a2~V88
ANI152 Bulgaria Varna 4683–4406 T~M184
ANI153 Bulgaria Varna 4551–4374 R1b1a2~V88
I5884 Ukraine Copper Age 2890–2696 R1b1a1a2a2b-BY3293
I3499 Croatia Vučedol 2884–2666 R1b1a1a2a2~Z2103
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Y-SNP calls for Bell Beaker genomes

In the table below are links to Y-SNP calls for DNA samples from Neolithic, Copper Age, and Bronze Age Europe, most of which are from the Bell Beaker culture.

Sample Country Culture Date BC Haplogroup
I0457 Spain Copper Age 2920–2340 I2~M438
I0261 Spain Bell Beaker 2850–2250 R1b1a2~V88
I0257 Spain Bell Beaker 2571–2350 R1b1a2~V88
I2416 England Bell Beaker 2460–2200 R1b1a1a2a1a~L151
I2575 France Bell Beaker 2476–2211 R1b1a1a2~M269
I4248 Germany Bell Beaker 2500–2000 R~M207
E09568 Germany Bell Beaker 2461–2210 pre-R1b1a1a2a1a-L151
I3604 Germany Bell Beaker 2300 R1b1a1a2~M269
I3607 Germany Bell Beaker 2300 R1b1a1a~P297
I3596 Germany Bell Beaker 2300–2150 R1b1a1a2~M269
I4178 Hungary Bell Beaker 2500–2200 R1b1a1a2a1~L51
I2787 Hungary Bell Beaker 2458–2202 R1b1a1a2a2-Z2103
I4251 Poland Bell Beaker 2837–2672 R1b1a1a2~M269
I4253 Poland Bell Beaker 2571–2208 R1b1a1a2a2-Z2103
I4252 Poland Bell Beaker 2463–2142 R1b1a1a2a1a~L151
I2598 England Early Bronze Age 2140–1940 R1b1a1a2a1a~L151
I2464 England Early Bronze Age 1750–1610 R1b1a1a2a1-L51
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K = 14 admixture analysis of ancient Northern European genomes

Below is a plot for a K = 14 admixture analysis that includes 39 new genomes from ancient Northern Europe. The new samples are marked with an asterisk in the plot. The table above the plot gives some information for the new samples.

The hunter-gatherers of the Kunda and Narva cultures are made up of the dark blue Western European hunter-gatherer component, with some of them having small amounts of the medium blue Eastern European component.

The two new Mesolithic samples from northwestern Russia are similar to the three previously published Mesolithic samples from Karelia and Samara in Russia, being made up mostly of the medium blue component, with smaller amounts of the dark blue component.

The three new samples from the Neolithic Funnelbeaker culture in Sweden are similar to the four previously published samples from that culture, being made up mostly of the light blue Early European farmer component, with smaller amounts of the dark blue component.

The hunter-gatherers of the Comb Ware culture in Estonia are similar to the Mesolithic Russian hunter-gatherers of Karelia and Samara, but with a bit more of the dark blue component.

The new Corded Ware samples from Lithuania are similar to the Corded Ware samples from Germany and Estonia. They have some of the light blue component, unlike the one Corded Ware sample from Latvia which lacks it.

The Late Neolithic sample from Ölsund, Sweden is also similar to the German and Estonian Corded Ware samples.

The new Bronze Age samples from Lithuania are similar to modern samples from the Baltic states, except that they completely lack the yellow Mongoloid components present in small amounts in the modern Estonian samples, and to a lesser extent in the modern Latvian and Lithuanian samples.

The Late Bronze Age samples from Latvia, however, differ somewhat from modern Baltic samples, in that they have significantly more of the dark blue component than the modern samples do.

Sample Country Culture Date BC
Spiginas 4 Lithuania Kunda 6440–6230
Donkalnis 4 Lithuania Kunda 6000–5740
Popovo 2 Russia Mesolithic 7500–5000
UzOO 77 Russia Mesolithic 5500–5000
Motala AA Sweden Mesolithic 5722–5564
Veibri 4 Estonia Narva 4900–4720
Kivisaare 3 Estonia Narva 4730–4540
Donkalnis 7 Lithuania Narva 5460–4940
Donkalnis 6 Lithuania Narva 4720–4530
Kretuonas 5 Lithuania Narva 4450–4340
Spiginas 1 Lithuania Narva 4440–4240
Donkalnis 1 Lithuania Narva 5500–2900
Kretuonas 2 Lithuania Narva 5500–2900
Kretuonas 4 Lithuania Narva 5500–2900
Kretuonas 1 Lithuania Narva 4460–3820
Saxtorp 5164 Sweden Funnelbeaker 3945–3647
Saxtorp 389 Sweden Funnelbeaker 4000–3300
Saxtorp 5158 Sweden Funnelbeaker 3625–3371
Tamula 3 Estonia Comb Ware 3800–3640
Tamula 1 Estonia Comb Ware 3630–3360
Plinkaigalis 242 Lithuania Corded Ware 3260–2630
Plinkaigalis 241 Lithuania Corded Ware 2860–2410
Gyvakarai 1 Lithuania Corded Ware 2620–2470
Spiginas 2 Lithuania Corded Ware 2130–1750
Ölsund Sweden Late Neolithic 2573–2140
Turlojiškė 5 Lithuania Bronze Age 2100–600
Turlojiškė 1932 Lithuania Bronze Age 1230–920
Turlojiškė 3 Lithuania Bronze Age 1010–800
Turlojiškė 1 Lithuania Bronze Age 930–810
Kivutkalns 42 Latvia Late Bronze Age 810–560
Kivutkalns 153 Latvia Late Bronze Age 800–545
Kivutkalns 25 Latvia Late Bronze Age 800–545
Kivutkalns 207 Latvia Late Bronze Age 790–535
Kivutkalns 209 Latvia Late Bronze Age 805–515
Kivutkalns 215 Latvia Late Bronze Age 760–425
Kivutkalns 222 Latvia Late Bronze Age 745–400
Kivutkalns 19 Latvia Late Bronze Age 730–400
Kivutkalns 164 Latvia Late Bronze Age 730–390
Kivutkalns 194 Latvia Late Bronze Age 405–230

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