Pigmentation of the Bell Beaker people

Below are predicted skin, hair, and eye color for new genomes from Neolithic, Copper Age, and Bronze Age Europe, most of which are from the people of the Bell Beaker culture.

Sample Culture Country Date BC Skin Hair Eyes
I4894 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4488–4368 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I4893 Middle Neolithic Czech Republic 4449–4348 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I4305 Neolithic France 4825–4616 NA Black Brown
I4304 Neolithic France 4787–4589 NA Black Brown
I4303 Neolithic France 4778–4586 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I6750 Neolithic England 3755–3660 NA Blond Blue
I6751 Neolithic England 3755–3660 Medium Black Blue
I6762 Neolithic England 4000–3300 NA Black NA
I3068 Neolithic England 3692–3522 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I6759 Neolithic England 3650–3522 Light Black Brown
I6761 Neolithic England 3650–3400 NA Brown Brown
I5366 Neolithic England 3643–3383 NA Black Brown
I2605 Neolithic England 3631–2944 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I2606 Neolithic England 3330–2900 Light Black Brown
I5359 Neolithic Wales 3800–3600 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I5358 Neolithic Wales 3080–2904 Light NA NA
I2633 Neolithic Scotland 3765–3641 Light Black Brown
I2659 Neolithic Scotland 3761–3643 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2691 Neolithic Scotland 3700–3639 Light Black Brown
I2634 Neolithic Scotland 3703–3534 Light Brown/ D-brown NA
I2635 Neolithic Scotland 3652–3389 Light Black Brown
I3135 Neolithic Scotland 3640–3383 Light Black Blue
I2650 Neolithic Scotland 3638–3380 NA Black Brown
I3134 Neolithic Scotland 3633–3377 Light Black Brown
I3133 Neolithic Scotland 3631–3377 Light Black Brown
I2637 Neolithic Scotland 3629–3370 NA Black Brown
I3041 Neolithic Scotland 3942–3037 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I3136 Neolithic Scotland 3520–3365 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I2636 Neolithic Scotland 3519–3361 Light Black Brown
I2988 Neolithic Scotland 3516–3361 Light Black Brown
I2660 Neolithic Scotland 3513–3352 Light Black Brown
I7554 Neolithic Scotland 3366–3103 Light Black Brown
I2980 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3101 Light Black Brown
I2651 Neolithic Scotland 3360–3098 NA Black Brown
I3085 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3026 Light Black Brown
I2934 Neolithic Scotland 3338–3022 Light Black Brown
I2978 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3023 Light Black NA
I2935 Neolithic Scotland 3335–3011 Light Black Brown
I2979 Neolithic Scotland 3333–2941 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I3138 Neolithic Scotland 3263–2923 Light Black Brown
I2631 Neolithic Scotland 3097–2906 NA Black Brown
I2933 Neolithic Scotland 3010–2885 Light Black Brown
I2977 Neolithic Scotland 3008–2763 NA Black Brown
I2630 Neolithic Scotland 2580–2463 Light Black Brown
I2932 Neolithic Scotland 2570–2347 Light Black Brown
I5117 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 NA D-blond/ Brown NA
I5118 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 NA D-blond/ Brown Blue
I5119 Late Copper Age Hungary 3400–3000 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I6601 Copper Age Portugal 2800–2600 NA NA Brown
I7272 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 Light Black Brown
I7279 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 NA D-blond/ Brown Blue
I7280 Corded Ware Czech Republic 2900–2200 Light Black Brown
I1970 Bell Beaker Portugal 2700–2300 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I0840 Bell Beaker Portugal 2455–2200 Light NA NA
I4229 Bell Beaker Portugal 2336–2063 Light Black Blue
I0455 Copper Age Spain 2904–2667 NA NA Brown
I6617 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I6630 Copper Age Spain 2900–2300 NA NA Brown
I0453 Copper Age Spain 2458–2147 NA NA Brown
I6609 Copper Age Spain 2436–2143 NA NA Brown
I6604 Copper Age Spain 2127–1905 Light NA NA
I7040 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 NA NA Blue
I7041 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 NA NA Brown
I7042 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7043 Bronze Age Hungary 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I0258 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 NA NA Brown
I0262 Bell Beaker Spain 2850–2250 Light NA NA
I0459 Bell Beaker Spain 2600–2200 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I0461 Bell Beaker Spain 2455–2201 NA Black Brown
I6472 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I6584 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I6587 Bell Beaker Spain 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I5665 Bell Beaker Spain 2280–1984 NA NA Brown
I6623 Bell Beaker Spain 1956–1743 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I3528 Bell Beaker Hungary 2559–2301 NA NA Blue
I3529 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 NA Black Brown
I4178 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7044 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I7045 Bell Beaker Hungary 2500–2200 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I2365 Bell Beaker Hungary 2464–2207 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I2786 Bell Beaker Hungary 2458–2205 NA D-brown/ Black Inter-mediate
I2787 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2201 Light Red Brown
I2741 Bell Beaker Hungary 2457–2153 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2364 Bell Beaker Hungary 2468–2063 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I1392 Bell Beaker France 2833–2475 Light Black Brown
I1390 Bell Beaker France 2480–2210 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I1388 Bell Beaker France 2455–2134 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I1382 Bell Beaker France 2434–2135 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I1391 Bell Beaker France 2396–2060 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I1381 Bell Beaker France 2400–1900 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I3874 Bell Beaker France 2200–2035 Light Black Brown
I3875 Bell Beaker France 2133–1946 Light Black Brown
I7205 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7210 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 NA Blond Blue
I7211 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7212 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7213 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I7214 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7249 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7250 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light NA Brown
I7251 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7269 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 NA Black Blue
I7275 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7276 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I7278 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7281 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I7282 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Blond Blue
I7283 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I7286 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7287 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I7289 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I7290 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2200 Light Black Brown
I5514 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–2000 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I4946 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2296–2146 NA NA Brown
I4945 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2291–2144 NA NA Brown
I4885 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2289–2143 NA Black Brown
I4896 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2288–2142 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I5666 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 NA NA Brown
I6480 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2500–1900 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I4889 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I4891 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2281–2062 NA Black Brown
I4895 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2273–2047 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I4886 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2205–2042 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I4887 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2201–2039 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I4888 Bell Beaker Czech Republic 2190–2029 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
E09537 Bell Beaker Germany 2471–2298 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
E09538 Bell Beaker Germany 2464–2210 NA Black Brown
E09568 Bell Beaker Germany 2460–2210 NA Black Brown
I5020 Bell Beaker Germany 2457–2205 Dark NA NA
E09569 Bell Beaker Germany 2396–2148 Light Black Brown
I4132 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I5023 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I5519 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I5520 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Brown/ D-brown NA
I5521 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light NA Brown
I5523 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I5524 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Black Brown
I5525 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I5529 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Black Brown
I5531 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Blond Blue
I5655 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA NA Brown
I5658 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I5661 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Medium NA NA
I5833 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I5834 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light Black Brown
I5835 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light Black Brown
I5836 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light Blond Blue
I6590 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I6591 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA Black Brown
I6624 Bell Beaker Germany 2500–2000 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I3590 Bell Beaker Germany 2335–2140 NA Black Brown
I3588 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 NA Black NA
I3594 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I3601 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I3602 Bell Beaker Germany 2300–2150 NA NA Brown
E09613 Bell Beaker Germany 2289–2140 Light Black Brown
E09614 Bell Beaker Germany 2270–2045 Light Black Brown
I5757 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 NA NA Brown
I5759 Bell Beaker Switzerland 2469–1984 Light NA Blue
I4253 Bell Beaker Poland 2456–2207 Light NA NA
I6581 Bell Beaker Poland 2455–2145 Light Black Brown
I6580 Bell Beaker Poland 2300–2150 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I6582 Bell Beaker Poland 2343–2057 Light Black Brown
I6583 Bell Beaker Poland 2289–2050 Light Black Brown
I5379 Bell Beaker Britain 2469–2296 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I5367 Bell Beaker Britain 2467–2232 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2418 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2200 Light Black Brown
I2417 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–2140 NA Black Brown
I2450 Bell Beaker Britain 2461–2146 Light Black Brown
I2459 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2150 NA Black NA
I5385 Bell Beaker Britain 2455–2147 NA Black Brown
I5376 Bell Beaker Britain 2454–2141 Light NA NA
I6775 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–2000 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I6777 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 Light Blond Blue
I6778 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1900 NA Blond Blue
I1765 Bell Beaker Britain 2341–2041 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I6774 Bell Beaker Britain 2287–2044 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2453 Bell Beaker Britain 2288–2040 Light Black Brown
I2445 Bell Beaker Britain 2396–1929 Light Blond Blue
I2568 Bell Beaker Britain 2286–2038 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2443 Bell Beaker Britain 2284–2028 NA D-brown/ Black Blue
I4950 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 Light Black Brown
I5512 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I5513 Bell Beaker Britain 2500–1800 Light Brown/ D-brown Brown
I2452 Bell Beaker Britain 2276–1980 NA Black Brown
I2566 Bell Beaker Britain 2204–2035 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I3256 Bell Beaker Britain 2203–2029 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2454 Bell Beaker Britain 2198–1983 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I1767 Bell Beaker Britain 2200–1979 Light Black Blue
I3255 Bell Beaker Britain 2135–1949 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2447 Bell Beaker Britain 2115–1910 Light Black Blue
I1770 Bell Beaker Britain 2400–1600 NA Brown/ D-brown NA
I6579 Bronze Age Poland 2335–2046 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I6537 Bronze Age Poland 2290–2041 NA Black NA
I6531 Bronze Age Poland 2286–2038 Light Black Brown
I2478 Bell Beaker Italy 2194–1939 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I1979 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 NA NA Brown
I2477 Bell Beaker Italy 2200–1930 Light Black Brown
I5748 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2579–2233 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I5750 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2300–1900 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I4074 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2278–1915 NA D-brown/ Black NA
I4073 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2195–1905 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I4068 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2131–1951 Light D-brown/ Black NA
I4069 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2188–1887 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I4075 Bell Beaker Netherlands 2118–1937 Light Black Brown
I4076 Bell Beaker Netherlands 1882–1750 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I5035 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 Light NA NA
I5037 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 NA NA Brown
I5042 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 NA NA Blue
I5043 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I5044 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2300–1900 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I7195 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7196 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light Black Brown
I7197 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I7198 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I7199 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light Blond Blue
I7200 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7201 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 Light Brown/ D-brown Brown
I7202 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 NA Black Brown
I7203 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 2200–1700 NA NA Brown
I4884 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1882–1745 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I4892 Early Bronze Age Czech Republic 1881–1701 Light Brown/ D-brown Blue
I2612 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2464–2208 NA NA Blue
I2461 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2500–2140 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2457 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2467–2030 Light Brown/ D-brown Blue
I2596 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2273–2034 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2597 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2269–2033 NA Blond Blue
I2604 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2265–2031 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7635 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2193–1978 NA NA Blue
I2618 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2134–1950 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I2600 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2133–1937 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7638 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2286–1778 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2462 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2128–1891 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
I2609 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 2022–1771 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2601 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1955–1750 NA Brown Brown
I2421 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1930–1759 NA NA Blue
I5441 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1938–1744 NA Black NA
I2610 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1935–1745 Light NA NA
I2463 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1925–1700 NA NA Brown
I2602 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1892–1699 Light Black Brown
I5377 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1894–1694 Light Blond/ D-blond Blue
I6680 Copper / Early Bronze Age England 1876–1625 NA D-blond/ Brown Brown
I2567 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2275–1884 Light Black Brown
I3132 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 2118–1887 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I5516 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1866–1615 NA NA Blue
I2981 Copper / Early Bronze Age Scotland 1950–1496 Light Blond Blue
I4071 Bronze Age Netherlands 1883–1664 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I4070 Bronze Age Netherlands 1880–1657 Light D-blond/ Brown Blue
I1775 Copper / Early Bronze Age Wales 1730–1532 NA Blond/ D-blond Blue
I2573 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1301 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I2653 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 Light Brown/ D-brown Blue
I2654 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1500–1300 NA Black Brown
I2655 Middle Bronze Age Scotland 1441–1272 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7570 Middle Bronze Age England 1735–1531 NA D-blond/ Brown Blue
I7573 Middle Bronze Age England 1642–1507 Light Blond Blue
I2639 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1430 Light NA NA
I7568 Middle Bronze Age England 1600–1300 Light Black Brown
I3082 Middle Bronze Age England 1498–1394 Light D-brown/ Black NA
I7572 Middle Bronze Age England 1510–1302 NA D-brown/ Black NA
I7579 Middle Bronze Age England 1496–1300 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I2458 Middle Bronze Age England 1492–1287 Light Brown/ D-brown Blue
I7640 Middle Bronze Age England 1430–1282 Light Black Brown
I7571 Middle Bronze Age England 1448–1259 Light Black Brown
I7574 Middle Bronze Age England 1406–1230 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7627 Middle Bronze Age England 1410–1222 Light D-brown/ Black Brown
I7626 Middle Bronze Age England 1395–1130 Light Brown/ D-brown Brown
I7577 Middle Bronze Age England 1386–1123 Light Black Brown
I7575 Middle Bronze Age England 1263–1043 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I7580 Middle Bronze Age England 1256–1018 NA Black Brown
I7578 Middle Bronze Age England 1225–1013 NA Black Brown
I7576 Middle Bronze Age England 1206–1003 Light Black Brown
I7628 Middle Bronze Age England 1208–978 NA D-brown/ Black Brown
I5383 Late Bronze Age England 1090–900 NA Blond NA
I2656 Late Bronze Age Scotland 1278–979 Light D-blond/ Brown NA
I3130 Late Bronze Age Scotland 977–829 Light Black Brown
I2861 Late Bronze Age Scotland 976–828 Light Black Brown
I2860 Late Bronze Age Scotland 969–815 Light D-brown/ Black Blue
I2859 Late Bronze Age Scotland 910–809 Light D-blond/ Brown Brown
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2 comments on “Pigmentation of the Bell Beaker people
  1. JN says:

    Are you sure I6750 from England and I5359 from Wales have blond hair? The tables in your previous post indicate both of these individuals had blue eyes but there is no indication of blond hair.

  2. vsva says:

    There are new data from polish neolithic and bronze age. https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/PRJNA318237
    There is 17 genoms. Can you check them?

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