Analyses of an Early Neolithic Hungarian genome

Below are the results of analyses of the KO1 sample from the Early Neolithic Körös culture of Hungary. The sample is from the Tiszaszőlős-Domaháza site, and it is dated to 5650–5780 BC.

KO1 was male. The published Y haplogroup for KO1 was I2a, but his Y-SNP calls further show that he was I2a1*. The published mitochondrial haplogroup for KO1 was R3, which was renamed early this year to R1b. The mt-SNP calls for KO1 further show that he was R1b1.

KO1 had one copy of the major Caucasoid depigmentation mutation in the gene SLC24A5, but he didn’t have any copies of the other major Caucasoid depigmentation mutation in the gene SLC45A2. He likely had black or dark brown hair and blue eyes. He didn’t have any copies of the mutation that confers the ability to digest milk into adulthood.

The admixture results for KO1 are similar to those of the Y haplogroup I hunter-gatherers of Mesolithic Europe. He had large amounts of the North European components, and small amounts of the Mediterranean components. He didn’t have any of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is associated with Y haplogroup R1b, nor did he have any of the K12b Caucasus component, which is associated with Y haplogroups G, J2, and R1a. He doesn’t show any signs of admixture from the Near Easterners who introduced farming to Europe, which indicates that he or his immediate ancestors had only recently abandoned a hunting and gathering lifestyle to become part of the agricultural Körös culture.

globe4

  • 86.96% European
  • 11.23% Amerindian
  • 1.81% African
  • 0.00% Asian

globe10

  • 95.03% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 1.91% Neo_African
  • 1.37% Siberian
  • 1.02% Australasian
  • 0.44% South_Asian
  • 0.23% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

globe13

  • 82.08% North_European
  • 14.64% Mediterranean
  • 1.87% West_African
  • 0.78% Australasian
  • 0.41% Siberian
  • 0.18% Palaeo_African
  • 0.04% East_African
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K7b

  • 96.19% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 2.09% African
  • 1.23% Siberian
  • 0.35% East_Asian
  • 0.15% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K10a

  • 91.71% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 5.41% Mediterranean
  • 1.84% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.55% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.44% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.03% Siberian
  • 0.01% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K12b

  • 70.14% North_European
  • 27.50% Atlantic_Med
  • 1.72% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.40% Siberian
  • 0.21% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.02% East_Asian
  • 0.01% East_African
  • 0.00% Caucasus
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

dv3

  • 62.77% West_European
  • 31.64% East_European
  • 2.94% Mediterranean
  • 1.22% Palaeo_African
  • 1.19% Neo_African
  • 0.16% Northwest_African
  • 0.08% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.01% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 76.17% West-Eurasian
  • 22.54% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 1.29% East-Eurasian
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 74.25% West-Eurasian
  • 14.21% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.54% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East-Euroasian
  • 0.00% South-Asian

MDLP K=7

  • 74.95% West-Eurasian
  • 13.75% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.27% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.03% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=8

  • 58.69% East-European
  • 32.65% West-European
  • 8.14% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.51% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.01% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=9

  • 57.93% East-European
  • 33.37% West-European
  • 8.17% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.44% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.08% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.01% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=10

  • 51.85% East-European
  • 27.45% British
  • 12.00% Iberian
  • 8.70% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.01% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=11

  • 52.04% East-European
  • 27.23% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.83% Iberian
  • 8.85% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.04% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 42.62% East-European
  • 25.04% Celto-Germanic
  • 16.13% Balto-Finnic
  • 10.56% Iberian
  • 5.64% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.01% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 20.82% Altaic
  • 15.44% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.82% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.06% Mediterrean
  • 9.87% East-European
  • 8.63% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.10% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.89% Baltic-Finnic
  • 4.34% Iberian
  • 3.23% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.56% Uralic-Permic
  • 1.26% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.97% Caucasian

MDLP K=14

  • 43.62% Balto-Slavic
  • 26.92% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.02% Balto-Finnic
  • 10.10% Iberian
  • 5.33% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.01% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=15

  • 43.72% Balto-Slavic
  • 26.92% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.09% Balto-Finnic
  • 9.78% Iberian
  • 5.41% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.06% East-Altaic
  • 0.01% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Balkanic-1
  • 0.00% Balkanic-2
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% West-Altaic
  • 0.00% West-Mediterranean

MDLP World-22

  • 75.74% North-East-European
  • 12.39% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 8.55% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 1.61% Sub-Saharian
  • 1.06% Austronesian
  • 0.32% South-African
  • 0.20% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.06% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.05% Pygmy
  • 0.01% Melanesian
  • 0.01% Samoedic
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% West-Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 72.57% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 19.19% West_European_HG
  • 5.12% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.84% Uralic
  • 0.66% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.27% Archaic_African
  • 0.27% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.21% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.17% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.16% Circumpolar
  • 0.13% Amerindian
  • 0.13% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 0.12% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.08% South_East_Asian
  • 0.07% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.01% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.00% Caucasian-Basal

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 56.63% East_European
  • 29.72% North_West_European
  • 10.30% Sami-Finnic
  • 1.08% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.57% West_Siberian
  • 0.56% South_East_Asian
  • 0.51% Archaic_African
  • 0.39% East_African
  • 0.15% Amerindian
  • 0.08% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Roma
  • 0.00% South_Central_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian

MDLP K23b

  • 76.01% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 19.09% European_Early_Farmers
  • 1.07% Austroloid
  • 0.59% African-Pygmy
  • 0.51% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.45% South-East-Asian
  • 0.43% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.33% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.31% Khoisan
  • 0.24% East-African
  • 0.21% Subsaharian
  • 0.19% North-African
  • 0.11% Archaic-African
  • 0.10% Archaic-Human
  • 0.10% East-Siberian
  • 0.07% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.05% Altaiс
  • 0.05% Arctic
  • 0.04% Austronesian
  • 0.02% Amerindian
  • 0.02% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.00% Near-East
Advertisements
Posted in Uncategorized
2 comments on “Analyses of an Early Neolithic Hungarian genome
  1. […] We know from my analyses of early Y hg I people like Loschbour, the Motala hunter-gatherers, KO1, and Ajvide 58 that such people did not originally carry any of the Gedrosia component. The Y hg I […]

  2. […] for KO1, a sample from the early Neolithic Körös culture of Hungary, dated to 5780–5650 BC. The autosomal analyses of KO1 showed that he was genetically similar to the Y haplogroup I hunter-gatherers of Mesolithic […]

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Categories
%d bloggers like this: