Phenotype SNPs from the ancient Near East

Below are derived allele counts and total numbers of reads for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype for 45 genomes from the ancient Near East. Nonzero derived allele counts are in bold. Note that small derived allele counts may be due to DNA damage.

ASIP, rs2424984, Veddoid brown skin

Sample  Region   Culture            Date           D/T
I1631   Armenia  Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   1/1
I1658   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   1/1
I1633   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   1/1
I1635   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   1/1
I1656   Armenia  Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   1/1
I0861   Levant   Natufian           11840–9760 BC  1/1
I1706   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   2/2
I1730   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   1/1

ASIP, rs6058017, Veddoid brown skin

Sample  Region   Culture           Date           D/T
I1632   Armenia  Copper Age        4230–4000 BC   0/1
I1661   Iran     Copper Age        4696–4491 BC   1/1
I1072   Levant   Natufian          11840–9760 BC  1/1
I1706   Levant   Early Bronze Age  2490–2300 BC   1/1
I1730   Levant   Early Bronze Age  2489–2299 BC   1/1

EDAR, rs3827760, Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/7
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   3/6
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/7
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/5
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/11
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/11
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/7
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/8
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/6
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/7
I1671   Iran        Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/1
I1662   Iran        Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   0/1
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/3
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/1
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/3
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/17
I0861   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/3
I1710   Levant      PPNB               7733–7526 BC   0/1
I1707   Levant      PPNB               7722–7541 BC   0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/7
I1699   Levant      PPNC               6800–6700 BC   0/2
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/16
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/11
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/13

IRF4, rs12203592, light hair and eyes, freckling

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/1
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/1
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/2
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/3
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/2
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/6
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/2
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/2
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/4
I1293   Iran        Mesolithic         9100–8600 BC   0/1
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/3
I1945   Iran        Neolithic          8000–7700 BC   0/1
I1671   Iran        Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/1
I1670   Iran        Copper Age         4839–4617 BC   0/1
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/4
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/1
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/5
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/1
I1699   Levant      PPNC               6800–6700 BC   0/1
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/1
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/1
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/3

KITLG, rs12821256, blond hair

Sample  Region   Culture            Date           D/T
I1634   Armenia  Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/1
I1631   Armenia  Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/2
I1658   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/1
I1656   Armenia  Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/2
I1290   Iran     Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/1
I1665   Iran     Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/1
I1955   Iran     Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/2
I1072   Levant   Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I0867   Levant   PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/1
I1730   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/2
I1705   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/1

KITLG, rs642742, Veddoid brown skin

Sample  Region  Culture    Date          D/T
I1290   Iran    Neolithic  8179–7613 BC  1/1

MC1R, rs1110400, red hair

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/11
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/11
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/21
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/23
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/22
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/17
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/22
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/19
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/8
I1293   Iran        Mesolithic         9100–8600 BC   0/1
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/5
I1671   Iran        Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/2
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/6
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/1
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/4
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/37
I0861   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/2
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/2
I1690   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1710   Levant      PPNB               7733–7526 BC   0/1
I1707   Levant      PPNB               7722–7541 BC   0/1
I1704   Levant      PPNB               7446–7058 BC   0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/8
I1699   Levant      PPNC               6800–6700 BC   0/2
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/44
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/10
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/21

MC1R, rs11547464, red hair

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/9
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/8
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/26
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/15
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/28
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   1/24
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/15
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   1/22
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/6
I1293   Iran        Mesolithic         9100–8600 BC   0/1
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/2
I1944   Iran        Neolithic          8000–7700 BC   0/1
I1671   Iran        Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/3
I1670   Iran        Copper Age         4839–4617 BC   0/1
I1662   Iran        Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   0/2
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/8
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   1/3
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/7
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/27
I0861   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/2
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  1/1
I1690   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1709   Levant      PPNB               8300–7900 BC   0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   1/2
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/21
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   1/7
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   2/16

MC1R, rs1805005, blond hair, fair skin

Sample  Region   Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia  Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/1
I1634   Armenia  Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/1
I1631   Armenia  Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/4
I1632   Armenia  Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/7
I1658   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/3
I1633   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/5
I1635   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/2
I1656   Armenia  Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/5
I1293   Iran     Mesolithic         9100–8600 BC   1/1
I1290   Iran     Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/3
I1671   Iran     Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/1
I1662   Iran     Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   2/2
I1661   Iran     Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/3
I1674   Iran     Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   1/1
I1665   Iran     Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/1
I1955   Iran     Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/21
I0867   Levant   PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/1
I1706   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/15
I1730   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/2
I1705   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/3

MC1R, rs1805006, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/5
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/6
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/6
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/7
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/6
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/9
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/8
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/10
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/2
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/7
I1671   Iran        Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/1
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/1
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/1
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/32
I0861   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1069   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1415   Levant      PPNB               8197–7653 BC   0/2
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/18
I1699   Levant      PPNC               6800–6700 BC   0/2
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/24
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/8
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/17

MC1R, rs1805007, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/13
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   1/12
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/28
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/25
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/32
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/27
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/23
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/25
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/8
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/4
I1944   Iran        Neolithic          8000–7700 BC   0/1
I1671   Iran        Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/4
I1662   Iran        Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   0/1
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/5
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/2
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/4
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   2/39
I0861   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1690   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/4
I1699   Levant      PPNC               6800–6700 BC   1/1
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   1/40
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   1/9
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   2/17

MC1R, rs1805008, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/9
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/6
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/13
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/14
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/13
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/8
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/11
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/16
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/2
I1293   Iran        Mesolithic         9100–8600 BC   0/2
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/6
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/1
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/1
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   1/33
I0861   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/2
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/2
I1690   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1700   Levant      PPNB               8300–7900 BC   0/1
I1710   Levant      PPNB               7733–7526 BC   0/1
I1707   Levant      PPNB               7722–7541 BC   0/1
I1704   Levant      PPNB               7446–7058 BC   0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/7
I1699   Levant      PPNC               6800–6700 BC   0/4
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   2/35
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/9
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   1/16

MC1R, rs1805009, red hair, fair skin

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/21
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/8
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/53
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/45
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/45
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/46
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/27
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/38
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/6
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/12
I1945   Iran        Neolithic          8000–7700 BC   0/1
I1662   Iran        Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   0/8
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/11
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/2
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/6
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/54
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1707   Levant      PPNB               7722–7541 BC   0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/18
I1679   Levant      PPNC               6900–6800 BC   0/1
I1699   Levant      PPNC               6800–6700 BC   0/3
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/53
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/9
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/19

MCM6, rs182549, ability to digest milk

Sample  Region   Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia  Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/1
I1634   Armenia  Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/1
I1631   Armenia  Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/3
I1632   Armenia  Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/2
I1635   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/3
I1656   Armenia  Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/4
I1671   Iran     Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/2
I1072   Levant   Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/2
I1710   Levant   PPNB               7733–7526 BC   0/2
I1707   Levant   PPNB               7722–7541 BC   0/1
I1730   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/1
I1705   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/2

MCM6, rs4988235, ability to digest milk

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/5
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/4
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/11
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/7
I1409   Armenia     Copper Age         4229–3985 BC   0/1
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/12
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/9
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   1/12
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/13
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/3
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/6
I1671   Iran        Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/1
I1662   Iran        Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   0/1
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/3
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/1
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/13
I1709   Levant      PPNB               8300–7900 BC   0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/5
I1699   Levant      PPNC               6800–6700 BC   0/1
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/8
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/8
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/10

OCA2, rs1800407, green or hazel eyes

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/1
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/1
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/2
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/2
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/3
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   1/7
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/2
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   1/4
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/3
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/1
I1945   Iran        Neolithic          8000–7700 BC   0/1
I1671   Iran        Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/2
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/2
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   7/7
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1700   Levant      PPNB               8300–7900 BC   0/1
I1707   Levant      PPNB               7722–7541 BC   0/3
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   1/6
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   1/15
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/4
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   1/4

OCA2, rs1800414, Mongoloid light skin

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/1
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/2
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   0/2
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/5
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/3
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/2
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/1
I1945   Iran        Neolithic          8000–7700 BC   0/1
I1662   Iran        Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   0/1
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/1
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/1
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/2
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   0/2
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/2
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/2
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/1
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/3

OCA2/HERC2, rs12913832, blue eyes

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/2
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   3/4
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   2/4
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/3
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/5
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/7
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/2
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/4
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/2
I1949   Iran        Neolithic          8000–7700 BC   0/1
I1662   Iran        Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   0/1
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/6
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/1
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   1/4
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   2/3
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   1/4
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/5
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   3/4
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/4

SLC24A5, rs1426654, Caucasoid light skin

Sample  Region   Culture           Date           D/T
I1633   Armenia  Kura-Araxes       2619–2410 BC   1/1
I1290   Iran     Neolithic         8179–7613 BC   3/3
I1661   Iran     Copper Age        4696–4491 BC   1/1
I1955   Iran     Recent            1430–1485 AD   1/1
I1072   Levant   Natufian          11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1707   Levant   PPNB              7722–7541 BC   0/1
I0867   Levant   PPNB              7300–6750 BC   3/3
I1706   Levant   Early Bronze Age  2490–2300 BC   4/4
I1730   Levant   Early Bronze Age  2489–2299 BC   3/3

SLC45A2, rs16891982, Caucasoid light skin

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   11/11
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   3/4
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   14/23
I1632   Armenia     Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   19/19
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/21
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   8/20
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/19
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   7/23
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   0/3
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/2
I1945   Iran        Neolithic          8000–7700 BC   0/1
I1671   Iran        Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/3
I1670   Iran        Copper Age         4839–4617 BC   0/1
I1662   Iran        Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   0/2
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   2/4
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/2
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/8
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   9/17
I1701   Levant      PPNB               7750–7569 BC   0/1
I1707   Levant      PPNB               7722–7541 BC   1/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   4/9
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/20
I1730   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   8/10
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/5

TYR, rs1042602, light skin, absence of freckles

Sample  Region      Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia     Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/1
I1634   Armenia     Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/2
I1631   Armenia     Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/3
I1658   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/2
I1633   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/3
I1635   Armenia     Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/6
I1656   Armenia     Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/3
I1584   Asia Minor  Copper Age         3943–3708 BC   1/3
I1290   Iran        Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   0/6
I1661   Iran        Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/5
I1674   Iran        Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/2
I1665   Iran        Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/1
I1955   Iran        Recent             1430–1485 AD   3/6
I0861   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1072   Levant      Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/3
I1707   Levant      PPNB               7722–7541 BC   0/1
I1704   Levant      PPNB               7446–7058 BC   0/1
I0867   Levant      PPNB               7300–6750 BC   9/9
I1706   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/6
I1705   Levant      Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/6

TYR, rs1393350, blond hair, blue eyes

Sample  Region   Culture            Date           D/T
I1407   Armenia  Copper Age         4350–3700 BC   0/1
I1634   Armenia  Copper Age         4330–4060 BC   0/6
I1631   Armenia  Copper Age         4250–4050 BC   0/6
I1632   Armenia  Copper Age         4230–4000 BC   1/4
I1409   Armenia  Copper Age         4229–3985 BC   0/1
I1658   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        3347–3092 BC   0/3
I1633   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        2619–2410 BC   0/7
I1635   Armenia  Kura-Araxes        2619–2465 BC   0/5
I1656   Armenia  Middle Bronze Age  1501–1402 BC   0/3
I1290   Iran     Neolithic          8179–7613 BC   1/6
I1671   Iran     Late Neolithic     5837–5659 BC   0/1
I1662   Iran     Copper Age         4831–4612 BC   0/4
I1661   Iran     Copper Age         4696–4491 BC   0/3
I1674   Iran     Copper Age         3972–3800 BC   0/3
I1665   Iran     Copper Age         3956–3796 BC   0/7
I1955   Iran     Recent             1430–1485 AD   1/2
I0861   Levant   Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I1072   Levant   Natufian           11840–9760 BC  0/1
I0867   Levant   PPNB               7300–6750 BC   0/3
I1699   Levant   PPNC               6800–6700 BC   0/1
I1706   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2490–2300 BC   0/2
I1730   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2489–2299 BC   0/1
I1705   Levant   Early Bronze Age   2198–1966 BC   0/4
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3 comments on “Phenotype SNPs from the ancient Near East
  1. norah4you says:

    Reblogged this on Norah4you's Weblog and commented:
    Thanks to Genetiker who allows me to reblogg this very interesting results re Phenotype SNPs from the ancient Near East.

    I am intrigued by the results presented in the blogg because it seem to be in “correspondence” with some ancient tales of travelling over long distances as well as with artifacts found along the tales’ waterways. It’s more than interesting.

  2. Anon says:

    Yeah, they had “light skin” like modern MENA people with those genes do..

    I doubt this paints the whole picture at all. There has to be more unknown genes, whether more lightening genes or darkening genes.

    Also, copper age Armenians more light eyed than Yamnaya, when copper age Armenians were basically a mix of dark CHG and dark Yamnaya. It just doesn’t make sense. Add in that most of these ancient samples are low coverage SNP wise, this kind of stuff should be taken with a grain of salt.

  3. Anon says:

    On second thought, most of this seems to make sense. Relooking at the recent study that released these genomes, all of the samples that are shown with light features here were shown with significant European admixture, especially copper age Armenians and Iranians. I also misread Levant Bronze Age as neolithic Levant, so there are no neolithic Levantines or Nafutians with blue eyes(also no Nafutians with light skin, despite no SSA admixture).

    The only weird one here is the lone red haired neolithic Levantine, but based on everything else we know it likely still comes from whatever Euro admixture he may have had. If he had none it’d be a different story, but the neolithic Levant clustered inbetween Anatolian farmers(who had significant Euro) and Nafutians, so he should’ve had some.

    CA Armenians being lighter than Yamnaya is still weird as well, but there’s a lot more Yamnaya samples to compare.

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