Analyses of the Kostenki 14 genome

At the bottom of this post are the results of analyses of the Kostenki 14 genome. The Kostenki 14 sample is from a human skeleton that was buried at an Early Upper Paleolithic site on the west bank of the Middle Don River in Russia. The skeleton has been dated to 38,684–36,262 BP.

Kostenki 14 was male. His Y-SNP calls show that he belonged to Y haplogroup C1*, and his mt-SNP calls show that he belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup U2*.

The largest autosomal components for Kostenki 14 tended to be the North European components, which is typical for the hunter-gatherers of Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic Europe. The second and third largest components tended to be the Veddoid South Asian or Indian components and the Caucasoid Mediterranean components, in varying order.

In this post on the Tianyuan sample I said that if we ever got 40,000-year-old DNA from Europe I expected it to show as much of the Veddoid components as Tianyuan. Kostenki 14 is pretty close to being 40,000 years old, but he had around half as much of the Veddoid components as Tianyuan. Tianyuan had 35.39% of the globe13 South Asian component, while Kostenki 14 had 16.03%. Tianyuan had 24.62% of the MDLP World-22 Indian component, while Kostenki 14 had 14.46%. This shows that Kostenki 14 was further up the path of Caucasoid evolution from Veddoids than Tianyuan was up the path of Mongoloid evolution from Veddoids.

Below are the genotypes for Kostenki 14 for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype, with derived alleles shown in bold. Several of these results are unexpected. They show Kostenki 14 as only having one of the three Veddoid depigmentation mutations in the genes ASIP and KITLG. If the genotypes for these SNPs are correct, they suggest that there was some complexity in the distribution of these mutations in the Veddoid population before that population expanded throughout Eurasia. The results also show Kostenki 14 as having derived alleles associated with red hair, milk digestion, Mongoloid light skin, and blond hair and blue eyes. Some caution must be exercised in interpreting these results, because the Kostenki 14 genome is not nearly as high-coverage as some of the other prehistoric genomes. But the results also can’t simply be dismissed, because it’s not impossible that Kostenki 14 did have the derived alleles shown below.

Gene        SNP         Genotype  Phenotype
ASIP        rs2424984   TC        Veddoid brown skin
ASIP        rs6058017   GG        Veddoid brown skin
ASIP        rs6119471   CC
EDAR        rs3827760   AA        Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.
IRF4        rs12203592  CC        light hair and eyes, freckling
KITLG       rs12821256  TT        blond hair
KITLG       rs642742    TT        Veddoid brown skin
MC1R        rs1110400   TT        red hair
MC1R        rs11547464  GG        red hair
MC1R        rs1805005   GG        blond hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs1805006   CC        red hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs1805007   TC        red hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs1805008   CC        red hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs1805009   GG        red hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs2228479   GG
MC1R        rs885479    GG
MCM6        rs182549    CT        ability to digest milk
MCM6        rs4988235   GG        ability to digest milk
OCA2/HERC2  rs12913832  AA        blue eyes
OCA2        rs1545397   AA
OCA2        rs1800407   CC        green or hazel eyes
OCA2        rs1800414   CC        Mongoloid light skin
PIGU/ASIP   rs2378249   GG
SLC24A4     rs12896399  TT
SLC24A4     rs2402130   AG
SLC24A5     rs1426654   GG        Caucasoid white skin
SLC45A2     rs16891982  CC        Caucasoid white skin
SLC45A2     rs28777     CC
TYRP1       rs2733831   AA        light hair and eyes
TYRP1       rs683       CC
TYR         rs1042602   CC        light skin, absence of freckles
TYR         rs1393350   GA        blond hair, blue eyes

globe4

  • 65.22% European
  • 16.86% Asian
  • 9.45% African
  • 8.47% Amerindian

globe10

  • 42.19% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 17.10% South_Asian
  • 9.86% Southern
  • 6.94% West_Asian
  • 6.31% Neo_African
  • 4.95% Australasian
  • 4.36% Amerindian
  • 3.89% East_Asian
  • 2.61% Siberian
  • 1.79% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 31.53% North_European
  • 16.10% Mediterranean
  • 16.03% South_Asian
  • 6.32% Southwest_Asian
  • 5.80% West_Asian
  • 4.91% Australasian
  • 4.06% East_Asian
  • 3.96% East_African
  • 3.83% Amerindian
  • 3.31% West_African
  • 1.59% Palaeo_African
  • 1.31% Arctic
  • 1.25% Siberian

K7b

  • 41.82% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 19.06% South_Asian
  • 10.45% Southern
  • 9.76% West_Asian
  • 8.61% African
  • 6.66% East_Asian
  • 3.66% Siberian

K10a

  • 36.39% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 18.19% South_Asian
  • 14.45% Mediterranean
  • 7.03% West_Asian
  • 6.32% Southeast_Asian
  • 5.61% Red_Sea
  • 5.10% Sub_Saharan
  • 4.44% Siberian
  • 2.44% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.03% East_Asian

K12b

  • 26.45% North_European
  • 19.54% Atlantic_Med
  • 15.98% South_Asian
  • 11.83% Gedrosia
  • 6.59% Southeast_Asian
  • 4.92% East_African
  • 4.58% Southwest_Asian
  • 4.39% Sub_Saharan
  • 3.28% Siberian
  • 2.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.45% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Caucasus

dv3

  • 28.14% West_European
  • 17.38% South_Asian
  • 13.45% Mediterranean
  • 11.28% East_European
  • 7.68% Southeast_Asian
  • 4.50% Southwest_Asian
  • 4.29% Northeast_Asian
  • 3.87% Palaeo_African
  • 3.18% Neo_African
  • 3.17% East_African
  • 1.88% Northwest_African
  • 1.17% West_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 25.52% East-Eurasian
  • 25.20% West-Eurasian
  • 20.41% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 17.15% Caucasian
  • 11.71% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 23.26% East-Euroasian
  • 22.96% West-Eurasian
  • 17.89% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 16.47% Caucasian
  • 11.24% South-Asian
  • 8.18% North-West-Eurasian

MDLP K=7

  • 22.90% West-Eurasian
  • 22.56% Altaic-Turkic
  • 17.66% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 15.56% Caucasian
  • 11.16% South-Central-Asian
  • 6.87% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.28% Paleo-Scandinavian

MDLP K=8

  • 22.54% Altaic-Turkic
  • 17.59% East-European
  • 15.23% West-European
  • 13.46% Caucasian
  • 11.72% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.10% South-Central-Asian
  • 6.33% Volga-Finnic
  • 2.02% Paleo-Scandinavian

MDLP K=9

  • 22.46% Altaic-Turkic
  • 17.32% East-European
  • 14.82% West-European
  • 13.27% Caucasian
  • 12.36% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.07% South-Central-Asian
  • 6.36% Volga-Finnic
  • 2.03% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.30% Paleo-Balkanic

MDLP K=10

  • 22.35% Altaic-Turkic
  • 15.31% British
  • 12.87% East-European
  • 11.74% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.23% Caucasian
  • 11.03% South-Central-Asian
  • 7.07% Iberian
  • 6.17% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.93% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.30% Paleo-Balkanic

MDLP K=11

  • 21.82% Altaic-Turkic
  • 15.07% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.44% East-European
  • 11.69% Mediterranean
  • 11.08% Caucasian
  • 10.97% South-Central-Asian
  • 6.73% Iberian
  • 4.15% Uralic-Permic
  • 3.96% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.80% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.28% Paleo-Balkanic

MDLP K=12

  • 21.76% Alatic-Turkic
  • 14.44% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.38% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.92% South-Central Asian
  • 10.71% Caucasian
  • 10.69% East-European
  • 6.45% Iberian
  • 4.54% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.02% Uralic-Permic
  • 3.82% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.27% Paleo-Balkanic

MDLP K=13

  • 21.83% Altaic
  • 16.74% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 14.10% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.80% Mediterrean
  • 7.94% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.73% East-European
  • 6.35% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.92% Iberian
  • 3.19% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.08% Baltic-Finnic
  • 2.33% Uralic-Permic
  • 1.39% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.60% Caucasian

MDLP K=14

  • 21.60% Altaic
  • 12.82% Celto-Germanic
  • 10.45% South-Central-Asian
  • 9.82% Balto-Slavic
  • 7.87% East-Mediterranean
  • 7.35% Mediterranean
  • 7.17% Caucasian
  • 5.34% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.00% Iberian
  • 4.11% Balto-Finnic
  • 3.85% Uralic-Permic
  • 3.56% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.90% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.15% Paleo-Balkanic

MDLP K=15

  • 18.69% West-Altaic
  • 12.97% Celto-Germanic
  • 10.27% South-Central-Asian
  • 9.93% Balto-Slavic
  • 7.64% East-Mediterranean
  • 7.23% Balkanic-1
  • 7.13% Caucasian
  • 5.15% West-Mediterranean
  • 4.87% Iberian
  • 4.08% Balto-Finnic
  • 3.83% Uralic-Permic
  • 3.73% East-Altaic
  • 3.48% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.85% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.14% Balkanic-2

MDLP World-22

  • 27.67% North-East-European
  • 14.46% Indian
  • 14.30% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 6.81% Near_East
  • 6.50% West-Asian
  • 6.29% Sub-Saharian
  • 4.02% East-South-Asian
  • 3.27% Indo-Iranian
  • 3.11% Austronesian
  • 2.41% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 2.31% North-Amerind
  • 1.93% Paleo-Siberian
  • 1.43% Indo-Tibetan
  • 1.22% Samoedic
  • 1.18% Melanesian
  • 1.11% South-African
  • 1.03% Mesoamerican
  • 0.84% Pygmy
  • 0.06% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.05% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% North-Siberean

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 21.63% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 14.90% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 12.58% West_European_HG
  • 9.94% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 9.13% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 8.40% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 4.08% South_East_Asian
  • 3.96% Melano-Austronesian
  • 3.73% Amerindian
  • 2.93% Caucasian-Basal
  • 2.78% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 2.43% Uralic
  • 1.44% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 1.41% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.36% Circumpolar
  • 0.15% Archaic_African
  • 0.15% Near-East-Basal

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 17.00% East_European
  • 16.09% North_West_European
  • 12.72% South_Indian
  • 10.18% South_Central_Asian
  • 7.39% Afroasiatic
  • 6.22% East_African
  • 5.46% Mediterranean
  • 5.04% Melano-Austronesian
  • 4.61% South_East_Asian
  • 4.44% Amerindian
  • 3.34% West_Siberian
  • 2.99% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.97% Archaic_African
  • 1.44% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.06% East_Siberian
  • 0.05% Arctic
  • 0.01% Roma
  • 0.00% Caucasian

MDLP K23b

  • 19.43% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 14.12% European_Early_Farmers
  • 13.12% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 7.78% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 7.02% Near-East
  • 6.45% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 5.05% Caucasian
  • 3.48% Archaic-African
  • 3.20% Austroloid
  • 3.15% North-African
  • 2.99% East-African
  • 2.72% Amerindian
  • 2.58% Melano-Polinesian
  • 1.89% Austronesian
  • 1.44% South-East-Asian
  • 1.31% Altaiс
  • 1.29% East-Siberian
  • 0.95% Subsaharian
  • 0.83% Arctic
  • 0.42% Archaic-Human
  • 0.36% Khoisan
  • 0.32% African-Pygmy
  • 0.09% Paleo-Siberian
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of the Ust’-Ishim genome

At the bottom of this post are the results of analyses of the Ust’-Ishim genome. The Ust’-Ishim sample is from a human femur found on the banks of the Irtysh River in western Siberia. The femur was dated to 45,770–44,010 BP.

Ust’-Ishim was male. His Y-SNP calls and mt-SNP calls confirm the published findings that he belonged to Y haplogroup K(xLT) and mitochondrial haplogroup R. Ust’-Ishim also had positive calls for Z4842/M2308 and CTS11667, two of the seven mutations that define Y haplogroup X. Haplogroup X is ancestral to haplogroup NO, the main Mongoloid Y haplogroup.

The Veddoid South Asian or Indian components were the largest components for Ust’-Ishim for all of the calculators that had such components. The second-largest components tended to be Mongoloid Southeast Asian or East Asian components, which is consistent with Ust’-Ishim belonging to a Y haplogroup that was ancestral to the main Mongoloid Y haplogroup.

Below are the genotypes for Ust’-Ishim for SNPs that have a large effect on phenotype. Derived alleles are in bold. As I predicted in this comment, Ust’-Ishim didn’t have the Mongoloid EDAR mutation. The only derived alleles that Ust’-Ishim had were those in the genes ASIP and KITLG which gave Veddoids brown rather than black skin. These alleles were passed down to Veddoids’ Caucasoid and Mongoloid descendants. It was estimated in this paper that the selective sweep for the KITLG mutation started around 30,000 years ago, but I never believed such a late estimate. The fact that Ust’-Ishim had all of the Veddoid depigmentation mutations 45,000 years ago shows that selection for lighter skin began far earlier.

Gene        SNP         Genotype  Phenotype
ASIP        rs2424984   TT        Veddoid brown skin
ASIP        rs6058017   AA        Veddoid brown skin
ASIP        rs6119471   CC
EDAR        rs3827760   AA        Mongoloid teeth, hair, etc.
EXOC2       rs4959270   AA
IRF4        rs12203592  CC        light hair and eyes, freckling
KITLG       rs12821256  TT        blond hair
KITLG       rs642742    TC        Veddoid brown skin
MC1R        rs1110400   TT        red hair
MC1R        rs11547464  GG        red hair
MC1R        rs1805005   GG        blond hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs1805006   CC        red hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs1805007   CC        red hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs1805008   CC        red hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs1805009   GG        red hair, fair skin
MC1R        rs2228479   GG
MC1R        rs885479    GG
MCM6        rs182549    CC        ability to digest milk
MCM6        rs4988235   GG        ability to digest milk
OCA2/HERC2  rs12913832  AA        blue eyes
OCA2        rs1545397   TT
OCA2        rs1800407   CC        green or hazel eyes
OCA2        rs1800414   TT        Mongoloid light skin
PIGU/ASIP   rs2378249   GA
SLC24A4     rs12896399  TT
SLC24A4     rs2402130   AA
SLC24A5     rs1426654   GG        Caucasoid white skin
SLC45A2     rs16891982  CC        Caucasoid white skin
SLC45A2     rs28777     CC
TYRP1       rs2733831   AA        light hair and eyes
TYRP1       rs683       CC
TYR         rs1042602   CC        light skin, absence of freckles
TYR         rs1393350   GG        blond hair, blue eyes

It was nearly two years ago, in a comment on this post, that I, for the first time in history, gave a correct account of extra-African human evolution, in which Negritoids in India evolved into Veddoids, and Veddoids then evolved into Caucasoids and Mongoloids. The correctness of that account was later proven by my analyses of the Tianyaun sample here and here, which showed that the largest components for Tianyaun were the Veddoid components. And my account has now been proven correct again by the results below, which show that the Veddoid components were also the largest components for Ust’-Ishim.

It was my correct understanding of extra-African human evolution that enabled me in this post to construct a correct phylogeny for Europeans and Amerindians, and to then use that phylogeny to calculate expected values of f3 statistics that were close to empirical values. My phylogeny was presented in opposition to the preposterous phylogeny, shown below, that David Reich and his associates gave in this paper, and which the entire “HBD community” then foolishly swallowed.

false

My ideas about extra-African human evolution were influenced by Ernst Haeckel’s work Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte (Natural History of Creation), which was first published in 1868. Haeckel was a German biologist, philosopher, and artist who did more than anyone else to promote the work of Charles Darwin in continental Europe. In Natural History of Creation he gave an outline of the evolution of all life on Earth, from the most primitive single-celled organisms to the highest races of man. One of Haeckel’s key insights in the book was that humans can be broadly divided into woolly-haired races (Ulotrichi) and straight-haired races (Lissotrichi). It was this insight that led me to realize that Veddoids were the common ancestors of Caucasoids and Mongoloids.

Darwin believed that humans had originated in Africa. As shown on the first map below, in the earlier editions of Natural History of Creation Haeckel had placed the origin of humans in the sunken continent of Lemuria, beneath the Indian Ocean. The existence of Lemuria had been proposed to explain the similarities between the fauna of Madagascar and India. It was only much later, after the introduction of the theory of continental drift by the German geophysicist and meteorologist Alfred Wegener in 1912, that it would be understood that Madagascar and India were once part of the same landmass, and that India had broken away millions of years ago and moved to its present location. By the time of the 8th edition of Natural History of Creation, published in 1889, geological knowledge had progressed to the point that the existence of Lemuria was in doubt, and Haeckel moved the place of origin of humans to South Asia, as shown on the second map below.

haeckel-map-1

haeckel-map-2

In a way both Darwin and Haeckel were right. The very earliest branches of Homo sapiens, belonging to Y haplogroups A and B, and represented today by the woolly-haired Bushmen and Pygmies, did originate in Africa. But the straight-haired Veddoids, belonging to Y haplogroup CF, and their Caucasoid and Mongoloid descendants, originated in Haeckel’s place of origin, South Asia. And if Y haplogroup DE originated in the Negritoids of tropical India, as I believe it did, then even most of the Negroids in Africa can trace part of their ancestry to South Asia.

globe4

  • 42.13% Asian
  • 40.15% European
  • 14.72% African
  • 3.01% Amerindian

globe10

  • 30.01% South_Asian
  • 16.78% East_Asian
  • 13.59% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 10.50% Australasian
  • 8.12% Neo_African
  • 7.73% Southern
  • 4.63% West_Asian
  • 3.15% Palaeo_African
  • 3.09% Siberian
  • 2.40% Amerindian

globe13

  • 29.15% South_Asian
  • 16.44% East_Asian
  • 10.41% Australasian
  • 9.44% North_European
  • 6.78% East_African
  • 6.55% Mediterranean
  • 5.05% Southwest_Asian
  • 4.50% West_Asian
  • 3.08% Arctic
  • 3.04% West_African
  • 2.83% Palaeo_African
  • 1.52% Siberian
  • 1.21% Amerindian

K7b

  • 35.06% South_Asian
  • 20.06% East_Asian
  • 14.04% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 12.52% African
  • 8.01% Southern
  • 5.68% West_Asian
  • 4.63% Siberian

K10a

  • 33.94% South_Asian
  • 14.81% Southeast_Asian
  • 11.93% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 7.28% East_Asian
  • 7.22% Sub_Saharan
  • 6.67% Red_Sea
  • 6.31% Mediterranean
  • 4.46% West_Asian
  • 4.07% Palaeoafrican
  • 3.31% Siberian

K12b

  • 31.48% South_Asian
  • 13.97% Southeast_Asian
  • 9.60% Gedrosia
  • 8.34% East_African
  • 8.06% East_Asian
  • 7.34% North_European
  • 6.93% Atlantic_Med
  • 5.67% Sub_Saharan
  • 3.35% Southwest_Asian
  • 2.78% Siberian
  • 2.48% Northwest_African
  • 0.01% Caucasus

dv3

  • 30.98% South_Asian
  • 21.67% Southeast_Asian
  • 8.81% West_European
  • 7.07% East_African
  • 5.96% Northeast_Asian
  • 5.07% Palaeo_African
  • 5.01% Mediterranean
  • 4.62% East_European
  • 3.83% Southwest_Asian
  • 3.80% Neo_African
  • 3.17% Northwest_African
  • 0.01% West_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 49.16% East-Eurasian
  • 19.33% South-Asian
  • 17.32% Caucasian
  • 9.32% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 4.87% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 47.62% East-Euroasian
  • 18.67% South-Asian
  • 17.08% Caucasian
  • 9.14% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.59% North-West-Eurasian
  • 1.90% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=7

  • 46.85% Altaic-Turkic
  • 18.54% South-Central-Asian
  • 16.47% Caucasian
  • 9.05% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.90% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.64% West-Eurasian
  • 1.54% Paleo-Scandinavian

MDLP K=8

  • 46.87% Altaic-Turkic
  • 18.54% South-Central-Asian
  • 14.74% Caucasian
  • 7.76% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.86% West-European
  • 5.22% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.88% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.14% East-European

MDLP K=9

  • 46.71% Altaic-Turkic
  • 18.50% South-Central-Asian
  • 14.54% Caucasian
  • 8.11% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.74% West-European
  • 5.22% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.86% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.21% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.11% East-European

MDLP K=10

  • 46.47% Altaic-Turkic
  • 18.38% South-Central-Asian
  • 14.01% Caucasian
  • 7.01% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.19% Iberian
  • 5.01% Volga-Finnic
  • 2.86% British
  • 0.87% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.17% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.04% East-European

MDLP K=11

  • 45.95% Altaic-Turkic
  • 18.31% South-Central-Asian
  • 13.88% Caucasian
  • 6.93% Mediterranean
  • 5.06% Iberian
  • 3.49% Uralic-Permic
  • 2.94% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.51% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.75% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.16% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.03% East-European

MDLP K=12

  • 45.96% Alatic-Turkic
  • 18.29% South-Central Asian
  • 13.75% Caucasian
  • 6.85% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.06% Iberian
  • 3.44% Uralic-Permic
  • 2.88% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.40% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.91% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.29% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.16% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% East-European

MDLP K=13

  • 22.80% Altaic
  • 16.53% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 15.99% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.84% Mediterrean
  • 8.45% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.37% South-Central-Asian
  • 6.11% East-European
  • 4.35% Iberian
  • 3.55% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.85% Baltic-Finnic
  • 0.86% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.28% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.01% Caucasian

MDLP K=14

  • 45.70% Altaic
  • 17.84% South-Central-Asian
  • 10.58% Caucasian
  • 6.52% East-Mediterranean
  • 4.12% Iberian
  • 3.54% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 3.33% Uralic-Permic
  • 2.82% Mediterranean
  • 2.74% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.94% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.63% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.14% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.09% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% Balto-Slavic

MDLP K=15

  • 40.14% West-Altaic
  • 17.53% South-Central-Asian
  • 10.55% Caucasian
  • 6.95% East-Altaic
  • 6.09% East-Mediterranean
  • 4.13% Iberian
  • 3.31% West-Mediterranean
  • 3.24% Uralic-Permic
  • 2.57% Balkanic-1
  • 2.56% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.18% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.60% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.07% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.06% Balkanic-2
  • 0.02% Balto-Slavic

MDLP World-22

  • 24.86% Indian
  • 17.52% East-South-Asian
  • 10.30% Sub-Saharian
  • 7.57% Austronesian
  • 6.59% North-East-European
  • 6.03% West-Asian
  • 5.93% Near_East
  • 4.42% Melanesian
  • 3.60% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 2.70% Samoedic
  • 2.60% East-Siberean
  • 2.07% Indo-Iranian
  • 1.22% South-African
  • 1.12% Mesoamerican
  • 0.68% Pygmy
  • 0.67% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.53% North-Amerind
  • 0.51% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.39% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.33% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.23% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.11% North-Siberean

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 29.81% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 16.83% South_East_Asian
  • 15.37% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 9.02% Melano-Austronesian
  • 7.08% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 3.60% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 3.54% West_European_HG
  • 3.13% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 2.92% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 1.93% Uralic
  • 1.90% Caucasian-Basal
  • 1.60% Amerindian
  • 1.29% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 1.01% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.72% Circumpolar
  • 0.12% Archaic_African
  • 0.12% Near-East-Basal

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 25.56% South_Indian
  • 16.26% South_East_Asian
  • 10.22% East_African
  • 9.58% Melano-Austronesian
  • 8.11% South_Central_Asian
  • 6.76% North_West_European
  • 4.96% Afroasiatic
  • 3.95% Archaic_African
  • 3.71% East_European
  • 2.72% Arctic
  • 1.91% Mediterranean
  • 1.84% East_Siberian
  • 1.60% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.40% Roma
  • 1.04% Amerindian
  • 0.28% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.12% West_Siberian
  • 0.00% Caucasian

MDLP K23b

  • 28.14% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 8.81% Austroloid
  • 6.96% South-East-Asian
  • 6.26% Austronesian
  • 6.15% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 5.78% European_Early_Farmers
  • 4.73% Melano-Polinesian
  • 4.68% East-African
  • 4.39% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 4.00% Archaic-African
  • 3.10% Near-East
  • 2.83% Subsaharian
  • 2.75% North-African
  • 2.12% Altaiс
  • 2.05% Paleo-Siberian
  • 1.62% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 1.25% Arctic
  • 1.10% Amerindian
  • 1.08% Archaic-Human
  • 0.85% Khoisan
  • 0.64% Caucasian
  • 0.60% East-Siberian
  • 0.14% African-Pygmy
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a Copper Age Hungarian genome

Below are the results of analyses of the CO1 sample from the Copper Age Baden culture of Hungary. The sample is from the Apc-Berekalja I site, and it is dated to 2700–2900 BC.

CO1 was female, and her mt-SNP calls show that she belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup H*.

CO1 had two copies of both of the two major Caucasoid depigmentation mutations. She likely had dark brown or light brown hair and brown eyes. She didn’t have any copies of the mutation that confers the ability to digest milk into adulthood.

The admixture results for CO1 are similar to the results for KO2, an Early Neolithic sample from around 3,000 years earlier. A couple of differences are that CO1 had more of the North European components and less of the Caucasus components than KO2. Like KO2, CO1 didn’t have any of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is associated with Y haplogroup R1b.

globe4

  • 95.36% European
  • 2.47% African
  • 1.84% Amerindian
  • 0.32% Asian

globe10

  • 54.80% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 38.19% Southern
  • 5.10% West_Asian
  • 1.52% Neo_African
  • 0.27% Australasian
  • 0.11% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

globe13

  • 56.62% Mediterranean
  • 20.84% North_European
  • 16.10% Southwest_Asian
  • 3.73% West_Asian
  • 1.71% West_African
  • 0.51% Australasian
  • 0.42% Siberian
  • 0.04% East_Asian
  • 0.03% East_African
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K7b

  • 50.93% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 44.78% Southern
  • 2.44% West_Asian
  • 1.55% African
  • 0.30% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K10a

  • 59.72% Mediterranean
  • 29.47% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 4.59% Red_Sea
  • 4.20% West_Asian
  • 1.59% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.20% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.15% Siberian
  • 0.07% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.02% East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K12b

  • 51.30% Atlantic_Med
  • 22.93% Caucasus
  • 9.69% Southwest_Asian
  • 9.25% North_European
  • 5.77% Northwest_African
  • 0.78% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.22% Siberian
  • 0.05% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.01% East_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% South_Asian

dv3

  • 50.36% Mediterranean
  • 23.46% West_European
  • 10.97% Southwest_Asian
  • 5.72% Northwest_African
  • 4.15% West_Asian
  • 3.85% East_European
  • 0.71% Neo_African
  • 0.49% East_African
  • 0.25% Palaeo_African
  • 0.04% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 59.61% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 27.54% Caucasian
  • 10.31% West-Eurasian
  • 2.32% South-Asian
  • 0.21% East-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 56.84% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 27.65% Caucasian
  • 12.71% West-Eurasian
  • 2.32% South-Asian
  • 0.48% East-Euroasian
  • 0.01% North-West-Eurasian

MDLP K=7

  • 56.75% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 27.63% Caucasian
  • 12.76% West-Eurasian
  • 2.31% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.54% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.01% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=8

  • 53.50% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 22.04% West-European
  • 12.37% Caucasian
  • 9.09% East-European
  • 2.29% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.37% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.34% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=9

  • 53.91% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 19.67% West-European
  • 12.44% Caucasian
  • 8.92% East-European
  • 2.25% South-Central-Asian
  • 2.08% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.38% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.34% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=10

  • 50.37% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 18.81% Iberian
  • 9.99% Caucasian
  • 9.49% British
  • 6.42% East-European
  • 2.27% South-Central-Asian
  • 2.06% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.33% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.26% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=11

  • 50.35% Mediterranean
  • 18.58% Iberian
  • 9.78% Caucasian
  • 9.52% Celto-Germanic
  • 6.69% East-European
  • 2.30% South-Central-Asian
  • 2.07% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.51% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.15% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.07% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 49.73% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 18.40% Iberian
  • 9.64% Celto-Germanic
  • 9.45% Caucasian
  • 7.01% East-European
  • 2.30% South-Central Asian
  • 2.08% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.58% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.47% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.32% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.01% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 20.79% Altaic
  • 16.26% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 14.13% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.73% Mediterrean
  • 7.94% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.46% East-European
  • 6.14% South-Central-Asian
  • 5.35% Baltic-Finnic
  • 4.41% Iberian
  • 3.27% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.86% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.45% Caucasian
  • 0.21% Paleo-North-European

MDLP K=14

  • 31.84% Mediterranean
  • 27.07% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 13.01% Iberian
  • 10.86% East-Mediterranean
  • 8.49% Celto-Germanic
  • 4.36% Balto-Slavic
  • 1.81% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.69% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.44% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.25% Altaic
  • 0.18% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=15

  • 31.99% Balkanic-1
  • 26.86% West-Mediterranean
  • 12.99% Iberian
  • 10.69% East-Mediterranean
  • 8.54% Celto-Germanic
  • 4.43% Balto-Slavic
  • 1.82% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.68% Balkanic-2
  • 0.51% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.33% West-Altaic
  • 0.15% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP World-22

  • 52.33% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 22.59% Near_East
  • 21.78% North-East-European
  • 1.16% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.69% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.57% Pygmy
  • 0.38% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.25% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.14% Melanesian
  • 0.11% West-Asian
  • 0.01% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 52.80% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 24.33% West_European_HG
  • 15.63% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 3.51% Caucasian-Basal
  • 0.82% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.56% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.52% Uralic
  • 0.39% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.27% Archaic_African
  • 0.27% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.25% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.19% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.18% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.14% Circumpolar
  • 0.06% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.04% Amerindian
  • 0.04% South_East_Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 43.99% Mediterranean
  • 28.42% North_West_European
  • 11.06% East_European
  • 9.64% Afroasiatic
  • 2.38% Roma
  • 1.42% East_African
  • 1.22% Caucasian
  • 0.93% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.91% East_Siberian
  • 0.03% Arctic
  • 0.01% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% South_Central_Asian
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West_Siberian

MDLP K23b

  • 45.22% European_Early_Farmers
  • 27.23% Caucasian
  • 11.64% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 7.26% Near-East
  • 7.13% North-African
  • 0.43% Austroloid
  • 0.19% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.18% Archaic-African
  • 0.12% Archaic-Human
  • 0.08% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.07% African-Pygmy
  • 0.07% Amerindian
  • 0.07% East-African
  • 0.07% East-Siberian
  • 0.06% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.06% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.02% Altaiс
  • 0.02% Arctic
  • 0.02% Austronesian
  • 0.02% Khoisan
  • 0.02% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.01% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a Late Bronze Age Hungarian genome

Below are the results of analyses of the BR2 sample from the Late Bronze Age Kyjatice culture of Hungary. The sample is from the Ludas-Varjú-dűlő site, and it is dated to 1110–1270 BC.

BR2 was male. The published Y haplogroup for BR2 was J2a1, but his Y-SNP calls further show that he was J2a1b*. He belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup K1a1a.

BR2 had two copies of both of the two major Caucasoid depigmentation mutations. He likely had dark brown or light brown hair and brown eyes. He had one copy of the mutation that confers the ability to digest milk into adulthood.

BR2 had 41.61% of the K12b North European component, which is less than the 48.4% that modern Hungarians have. He had 35.99% of the K12b Atlantic Med component, which is more than the 27% for modern Hungarians. He had 16.30% of the K12b Caucasus component, which is associated with Y haplogroups G, J2, and R1a. This is about the same as the 16.2% for modern Hungarians. He had 1.12% of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is associated with Y haplogroup R1b. The Early Bronze Age sample BR1 from about 1,000 years earlier didn’t have any of the Gedrosia component, while modern Hungarians have 4.1%.

globe4

  • 93.63% European
  • 4.98% Amerindian
  • 1.27% African
  • 0.13% Asian

globe10

  • 74.29% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 16.01% Southern
  • 7.55% West_Asian
  • 1.42% Neo_African
  • 0.42% Australasian
  • 0.20% East_Asian
  • 0.09% South_Asian
  • 0.01% Siberian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 49.96% North_European
  • 36.34% Mediterranean
  • 5.92% West_Asian
  • 5.89% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.43% West_African
  • 0.31% Australasian
  • 0.11% East_Asian
  • 0.02% South_Asian
  • 0.01% Siberian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

K7b

  • 69.51% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 19.26% Southern
  • 9.89% West_Asian
  • 1.29% African
  • 0.02% East_Asian
  • 0.01% Siberian
  • 0.01% South_Asian

K10a

  • 56.77% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 33.51% Mediterranean
  • 7.14% West_Asian
  • 1.39% Sub_Saharan
  • 1.13% Red_Sea
  • 0.04% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.01% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% Siberian

K12b

  • 41.61% North_European
  • 35.99% Atlantic_Med
  • 16.30% Caucasus
  • 3.51% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.34% Sub_Saharan
  • 1.12% Gedrosia
  • 0.10% Northwest_African
  • 0.03% South_Asian
  • 0.01% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian

dv3

  • 39.57% West_European
  • 31.04% Mediterranean
  • 18.91% East_European
  • 6.29% West_Asian
  • 2.17% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.70% Palaeo_African
  • 0.55% Neo_African
  • 0.54% East_African
  • 0.16% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.07% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 40.85% West-Eurasian
  • 39.25% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 17.66% Caucasian
  • 2.23% South-Asian
  • 0.01% East-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 45.49% West-Eurasian
  • 33.91% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 16.57% Caucasian
  • 2.10% North-West-Eurasian
  • 1.90% South-Asian
  • 0.03% East-Euroasian

MDLP K=7

  • 45.10% West-Eurasian
  • 33.43% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 16.49% Caucasian
  • 3.14% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 1.81% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.02% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=8

  • 36.88% East-European
  • 24.39% West-European
  • 24.38% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.81% Caucasian
  • 1.99% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 1.53% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.02% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=9

  • 36.44% East-European
  • 25.01% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 23.30% West-European
  • 10.77% Caucasian
  • 1.98% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 1.50% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.98% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=10

  • 29.13% East-European
  • 23.46% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 22.47% British
  • 13.00% Iberian
  • 7.77% Caucasian
  • 1.81% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.40% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.94% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.01% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=11

  • 29.44% East-European
  • 23.45% Mediterranean
  • 22.04% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.70% Iberian
  • 7.66% Caucasian
  • 1.98% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.37% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.91% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.42% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.03% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.01% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=12

  • 27.64% East-European
  • 22.82% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 21.63% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.17% Iberian
  • 6.95% Caucasian
  • 4.86% Balto-Finnic
  • 1.49% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.19% South-Central Asian
  • 0.84% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.39% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.02% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic

MDLP K=13

  • 21.37% Altaic
  • 16.59% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 16.36% Celto-Germanic
  • 10.60% Mediterrean
  • 7.88% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.15% East-European
  • 6.05% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.55% Iberian
  • 4.46% Baltic-Finnic
  • 2.46% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.97% Uralic-Permic
  • 1.21% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.34% Caucasian

MDLP K=14

  • 25.17% Balto-Slavic
  • 19.70% Celto-Germanic
  • 18.96% Mediterranean
  • 11.51% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 9.69% Iberian
  • 5.27% East-Mediterranean
  • 4.32% Balto-Finnic
  • 2.28% Caucasian
  • 1.31% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.86% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.72% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.21% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.01% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Altaic

MDLP K=15

  • 25.24% Balto-Slavic
  • 19.83% Celto-Germanic
  • 18.92% Balkanic-1
  • 11.29% West-Mediterranean
  • 9.58% Iberian
  • 5.19% East-Mediterranean
  • 4.41% Balto-Finnic
  • 2.30% Caucasian
  • 1.39% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.92% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.67% Balkanic-2
  • 0.22% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.04% West-Altaic
  • 0.01% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% East-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 49.18% North-East-European
  • 34.88% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 6.12% Near_East
  • 5.22% West-Asian
  • 2.06% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 1.19% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.57% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.37% Austronesian
  • 0.16% Pygmy
  • 0.12% South-African
  • 0.09% North-Siberean
  • 0.03% Samoedic
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 47.09% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 22.22% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 19.12% West_European_HG
  • 4.92% Caucasian-Basal
  • 1.84% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 1.02% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.89% Uralic
  • 0.65% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.55% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.40% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.29% Archaic_African
  • 0.29% Circumpolar
  • 0.29% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.27% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.11% Amerindian
  • 0.04% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.04% South_East_Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 34.50% East_European
  • 26.56% North_West_European
  • 17.81% Mediterranean
  • 7.15% Caucasian
  • 3.76% Roma
  • 3.09% Sami-Finnic
  • 2.45% Afroasiatic
  • 2.11% West_Siberian
  • 0.94% Archaic_African
  • 0.64% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.62% East_African
  • 0.12% Amerindian
  • 0.10% South_Central_Asian
  • 0.10% South_Indian
  • 0.05% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian

MDLP K23b

  • 36.80% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 27.66% European_Early_Farmers
  • 26.83% Caucasian
  • 2.98% Near-East
  • 1.43% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 1.24% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.85% North-African
  • 0.37% Archaic-Human
  • 0.24% Amerindian
  • 0.23% Archaic-African
  • 0.21% East-African
  • 0.17% Subsaharian
  • 0.15% African-Pygmy
  • 0.15% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.15% Austroloid
  • 0.11% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.10% Arctic
  • 0.10% East-Siberian
  • 0.08% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.06% Khoisan
  • 0.03% Austronesian
  • 0.03% South-East-Asian
  • 0.02% Altaiс
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of an Iron Age Hungarian genome

Below are the results of analyses of the IR1 sample from the pre-Scythian Iron Age Mezőcsát culture of Hungary. The sample is from the Ludas-Varjú-dűlő site, and it is dated to 830–980 BC.

IR1 was male. He belonged to Y haplogroup N and mitochondrial haplogroup G2a1, both of which are of Mongoloid origin. His Y-SNP calls show that he didn’t belong to N1a or N1c.

IR1 had two copies of both of the two major Caucasoid depigmentation mutations. He likely had light brown or dark blond hair and brown eyes. He had one copy of the mutation that confers the ability to digest milk into adulthood. He didn’t have any copies of the Mongoloid mutation in the gene EDAR that causes Sinodonty, stiff hair, small breasts, and higher sweat gland density. This mutation does occur in modern-day Hungarians at a frequency of 1.7%.

IR1 had 16.66% of the K12b Caucasus component and 15.22% of the K12b Gedrosia component. Within Europe, the Gedrosia component is associated with Y haplogroup R1b. Outside of Europe, the amount of the Gedrosia component decreases with increasing distance from Pakistan, but it shows no clear association with any haplogroup.

IR1 had 4.90% of the Mongoloid K12b Siberian component. Modern-day Hungarians have 0.7%. He had 3.30% of the Mongoloid K12b East Asian component. Modern-day Hungarians have 0.3%.

The people of the Mezőcsát culture to which IR1 belonged are thought to have been from ancient Iranian tribes. Iranian-speaking people were derived from the people of the Andronovo culture, which flourished from 1800 to 1400 BC in Central Asia. The modern-day peoples of Central Asia, such as the Tajiks, Turkmens, and Uzbeks, are similar to IR1 in that they have significant amounts of the Caucasus, Gedrosia, Siberian, and East Asian components. They’re also similar to IR1 in that Y haplogroup N and mitochondrial haplogroup G2a are found among them.

globe4

  • 82.00% European
  • 9.74% Amerindian
  • 6.78% Asian
  • 1.48% African

globe10

  • 51.66% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 22.86% West_Asian
  • 10.45% Southern
  • 6.63% Siberian
  • 3.20% Amerindian
  • 2.75% South_Asian
  • 1.56% Neo_African
  • 0.71% East_Asian
  • 0.17% Australasian
  • 0.02% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 38.81% North_European
  • 22.25% Mediterranean
  • 20.09% West_Asian
  • 5.28% Southwest_Asian
  • 5.06% Siberian
  • 2.38% Amerindian
  • 2.00% Arctic
  • 1.78% South_Asian
  • 1.55% West_African
  • 0.61% East_Asian
  • 0.17% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

K7b

  • 50.15% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 25.61% West_Asian
  • 12.04% Southern
  • 6.55% Siberian
  • 2.56% South_Asian
  • 1.78% East_Asian
  • 1.32% African

K10a

  • 43.83% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 22.30% West_Asian
  • 21.41% Mediterranean
  • 5.72% Siberian
  • 2.97% East_Asian
  • 2.22% South_Asian
  • 1.45% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.08% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.01% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Red_Sea

K12b

  • 34.63% North_European
  • 19.54% Atlantic_Med
  • 16.66% Caucasus
  • 15.22% Gedrosia
  • 4.90% Siberian
  • 3.30% East_Asian
  • 2.38% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.53% Northwest_African
  • 1.08% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.77% South_Asian
  • 0.01% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African

dv3

  • 34.36% West_European
  • 19.02% West_Asian
  • 17.85% Mediterranean
  • 12.89% East_European
  • 5.01% Northeast_Asian
  • 3.74% South_Asian
  • 2.61% Southeast_Asian
  • 2.01% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.93% Palaeo_African
  • 0.82% Northwest_African
  • 0.77% Neo_African
  • 0.00% East_African

MDLP K=5

  • 33.86% West-Eurasian
  • 26.65% Caucasian
  • 25.31% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 12.97% East-Eurasian
  • 1.21% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 33.19% West-Eurasian
  • 25.61% Caucasian
  • 21.58% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.87% East-Euroasian
  • 8.03% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.72% South-Asian

MDLP K=7

  • 33.04% West-Eurasian
  • 24.55% Caucasian
  • 21.35% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.15% Altaic-Turkic
  • 7.59% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.68% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.64% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=8

  • 26.98% East-European
  • 20.86% Caucasian
  • 16.66% West-European
  • 16.56% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.18% Altaic-Turkic
  • 7.09% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.12% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.55% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=9

  • 26.25% East-European
  • 20.67% Caucasian
  • 16.51% West-European
  • 16.32% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.15% Altaic-Turkic
  • 7.00% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.47% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.09% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.53% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=10

  • 20.44% East-European
  • 18.61% British
  • 18.10% Caucasian
  • 16.15% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.05% Altaic-Turkic
  • 6.86% Iberian
  • 6.84% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.46% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.47% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=11

  • 20.06% East-European
  • 18.18% Celto-Germanic
  • 17.85% Caucasian
  • 16.09% Mediterranean
  • 9.55% Altaic-Turkic
  • 6.57% Iberian
  • 4.71% Uralic-Permic
  • 4.23% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.45% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.86% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.43% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=12

  • 18.06% East-European
  • 17.60% Celto-Germanic
  • 17.28% Caucasian
  • 15.68% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 9.44% Alatic-Turkic
  • 6.16% Iberian
  • 5.09% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.61% Uralic-Permic
  • 4.08% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.42% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.35% South-Central Asian
  • 0.25% Paleo-North-European

MDLP K=13

  • 21.48% Altaic
  • 17.07% Celto-Germanic
  • 16.70% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 8.95% East-Mediterranean
  • 8.50% Mediterrean
  • 8.07% South-Central-Asian
  • 5.06% East-European
  • 4.50% Baltic-Finnic
  • 4.40% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.21% Iberian
  • 0.62% Caucasian
  • 0.35% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.09% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=14

  • 16.28% Balto-Slavic
  • 15.89% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.63% Mediterranean
  • 11.97% Caucasian
  • 9.29% Altaic
  • 6.58% East-Mediterranean
  • 5.66% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.07% Iberian
  • 4.72% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.44% Uralic-Permic
  • 3.97% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.21% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.15% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.14% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=15

  • 16.40% Balto-Slavic
  • 15.91% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.56% Balkanic-1
  • 11.91% Caucasian
  • 7.40% West-Altaic
  • 6.41% East-Mediterranean
  • 5.52% West-Mediterranean
  • 4.97% Iberian
  • 4.67% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.40% Uralic-Permic
  • 3.83% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.61% East-Altaic
  • 1.20% Balkanic-2
  • 0.11% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.10% Paleo-North-European

MDLP World-22

  • 32.53% North-East-European
  • 22.33% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 18.25% West-Asian
  • 5.47% Samoedic
  • 5.27% Near_East
  • 3.72% Indo-Iranian
  • 2.61% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 2.16% Mesoamerican
  • 1.90% North-Amerind
  • 1.20% Indo-Tibetan
  • 1.17% East-South-Asian
  • 0.85% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.68% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.52% Pygmy
  • 0.48% North-Siberean
  • 0.27% East-Siberean
  • 0.23% South-African
  • 0.13% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.12% Indian
  • 0.11% Austronesian
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 34.24% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 14.92% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 13.15% Caucasian-Basal
  • 11.87% West_European_HG
  • 6.53% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 4.84% Uralic
  • 3.57% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 2.48% Amerindian
  • 2.02% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 1.78% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 1.44% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 1.28% South_East_Asian
  • 0.79% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.34% Circumpolar
  • 0.32% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.20% Archaic_African
  • 0.20% Near-East-Basal

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 22.11% East_European
  • 18.74% North_West_European
  • 15.12% Caucasian
  • 10.14% Mediterranean
  • 7.73% Volga-Uralic
  • 7.35% South_Central_Asian
  • 5.86% West_Siberian
  • 2.88% Afroasiatic
  • 2.73% Amerindian
  • 1.99% South_East_Asian
  • 1.36% Melano-Austronesian
  • 1.18% Sami-Finnic
  • 1.17% East_Siberian
  • 0.66% Roma
  • 0.49% South_Indian
  • 0.38% Archaic_African
  • 0.07% East_African
  • 0.02% Arctic

MDLP K23b

  • 27.27% Caucasian
  • 24.62% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 15.05% European_Early_Farmers
  • 9.41% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 9.22% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 3.77% East-Siberian
  • 3.08% Near-East
  • 1.65% Amerindian
  • 1.46% Arctic
  • 0.73% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.59% Altaiс
  • 0.58% North-African
  • 0.44% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.39% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.38% African-Pygmy
  • 0.34% Austroloid
  • 0.30% South-East-Asian
  • 0.28% Archaic-Human
  • 0.14% Subsaharian
  • 0.11% Austronesian
  • 0.09% Khoisan
  • 0.06% Archaic-African
  • 0.05% East-African
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of an Early Bronze Age Hungarian genome

Below are the results of analyses of the BR1 sample from the Early Bronze Age Makó culture of Hungary. The sample is from the Kompolt-Kígyósér site, and it is dated to 1980–2190 BC.

BR1 was female and belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup K1c1.

BR1 had two copies of the major Caucasoid depigmentation mutation in the gene SLC24A5 and one copy of the other major Caucasoid depigmentation mutation in the gene SLC45A2. She likely had black or dark brown hair and brown eyes. She didn’t have any copies of the mutation that confers the ability to digest milk into adulthood.

BR1 had amounts of the K12b North European, Atlantic Med, and Southwest Asian components that are very similar to the amounts for modern-day Hungarians. She had 9.46% of the K12b Caucasus component, which is associated with Y haplogroups G, J2, and R1a. Modern-day Hungarians have 16.2%. She didn’t have any of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is associated with Y haplogroup R1b. Modern-day Hungarians have 4.1%.

globe4

  • 90.84% European
  • 6.57% Amerindian
  • 1.61% African
  • 0.98% Asian

globe10

  • 79.13% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 13.37% Southern
  • 2.54% West_Asian
  • 2.33% East_Asian
  • 1.78% Neo_African
  • 0.50% Australasian
  • 0.27% South_Asian
  • 0.04% Siberian
  • 0.03% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 57.06% North_European
  • 31.41% Mediterranean
  • 6.13% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.93% East_Asian
  • 1.05% West_Asian
  • 1.02% East_African
  • 1.00% West_African
  • 0.40% Australasian
  • 0.01% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian

K7b

  • 75.40% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 16.21% Southern
  • 4.94% West_Asian
  • 1.69% African
  • 1.34% East_Asian
  • 0.28% Siberian
  • 0.15% South_Asian

K10a

  • 63.51% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 29.02% Mediterranean
  • 2.47% Red_Sea
  • 2.07% West_Asian
  • 1.45% Sub_Saharan
  • 1.01% East_Asian
  • 0.34% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.07% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.06% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian

K12b

  • 48.74% North_European
  • 34.34% Atlantic_Med
  • 9.46% Caucasus
  • 3.87% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.12% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.78% South_Asian
  • 0.77% East_African
  • 0.63% East_Asian
  • 0.25% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.03% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% Siberian

dv3

  • 42.33% West_European
  • 25.94% Mediterranean
  • 25.02% East_European
  • 3.02% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.27% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.96% Palaeo_African
  • 0.75% Neo_African
  • 0.69% Northwest_African
  • 0.02% West_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 48.60% West-Eurasian
  • 36.77% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 10.83% Caucasian
  • 1.96% East-Eurasian
  • 1.83% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 53.79% West-Eurasian
  • 30.25% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 9.78% Caucasian
  • 3.02% North-West-Eurasian
  • 1.85% East-Euroasian
  • 1.32% South-Asian

MDLP K=7

  • 53.28% West-Eurasian
  • 29.79% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 9.59% Caucasian
  • 2.98% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 1.60% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.47% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.29% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=8

  • 46.41% East-European
  • 24.27% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 19.96% West-European
  • 2.71% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.59% Caucasian
  • 1.75% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.29% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.02% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=9

  • 45.84% East-European
  • 24.26% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 18.74% West-European
  • 2.73% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.71% Caucasian
  • 1.77% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.67% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.26% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.01% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=10

  • 39.33% East-European
  • 22.18% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 17.40% British
  • 12.18% Iberian
  • 2.62% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.73% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.60% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.21% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.01% Caucasian
  • 0.76% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=11

  • 39.16% East-European
  • 22.16% Mediterranean
  • 16.74% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.01% Iberian
  • 3.50% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.47% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.59% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.81% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.77% Caucasian
  • 0.73% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.06% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 35.94% East-European
  • 21.30% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 16.20% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.36% Iberian
  • 8.14% Balto-Finnic
  • 3.28% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.48% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.81% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.76% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.47% South-Central Asian
  • 0.24% Caucasian
  • 0.03% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 22.08% Altaic
  • 17.17% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 13.26% Celto-Germanic
  • 10.58% Mediterrean
  • 8.39% East-European
  • 8.24% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.17% South-Central-Asian
  • 5.20% Baltic-Finnic
  • 4.23% Iberian
  • 3.94% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.26% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.25% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.21% Caucasian

MDLP K=14

  • 32.61% Balto-Slavic
  • 14.57% Mediterranean
  • 14.14% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.69% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 8.63% Iberian
  • 7.50% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.51% East-Mediterranean
  • 2.99% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.17% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.57% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.55% Altaic
  • 0.04% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.02% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Caucasian

MDLP K=15

  • 32.71% Balto-Slavic
  • 14.49% Balkanic-1
  • 14.22% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.59% West-Mediterranean
  • 8.56% Iberian
  • 7.38% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.44% East-Mediterranean
  • 2.89% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.15% Balkanic-2
  • 0.71% East-Altaic
  • 0.52% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.29% West-Altaic
  • 0.04% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.01% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Caucasian

MDLP World-22

  • 58.03% North-East-European
  • 30.90% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 5.11% Near_East
  • 1.22% Melanesian
  • 1.20% North-Siberean
  • 1.08% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.90% Pygmy
  • 0.56% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.56% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.29% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.09% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.06% West-Asian
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 54.22% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 17.88% West_European_HG
  • 17.54% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 2.90% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 1.66% Caucasian-Basal
  • 1.23% Uralic
  • 0.83% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.70% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.50% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.44% Amerindian
  • 0.42% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.32% Circumpolar
  • 0.31% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.30% Archaic_African
  • 0.30% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.26% South_East_Asian
  • 0.18% Ancestral_East_Siberian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 43.59% East_European
  • 23.73% North_West_European
  • 16.72% Mediterranean
  • 4.22% Sami-Finnic
  • 1.91% Afroasiatic
  • 1.90% South_East_Asian
  • 1.56% Roma
  • 1.45% Melano-Austronesian
  • 1.32% Amerindian
  • 1.21% South_Indian
  • 1.10% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.79% East_African
  • 0.36% Caucasian
  • 0.13% West_Siberian
  • 0.03% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Central_Asian

MDLP K23b

  • 44.51% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 24.74% European_Early_Farmers
  • 22.20% Caucasian
  • 2.83% Near-East
  • 1.86% North-African
  • 1.14% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.61% Archaic-Human
  • 0.44% East-African
  • 0.36% Austroloid
  • 0.27% South-East-Asian
  • 0.24% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.19% African-Pygmy
  • 0.17% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.15% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.06% Arctic
  • 0.06% Austronesian
  • 0.06% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.04% Khoisan
  • 0.03% Altaiс
  • 0.03% Subsaharian
  • 0.02% East-Siberian
  • 0.01% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Archaic-African
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a second Early Neolithic Hungarian genome

Below are the results of analyses of the KO2 sample from the Early Neolithic Körös culture of Hungary. The sample is from the Berettyóújfalu-Morotva-Liget site, and it is dated to 5570–5710 BC.

KO2 was female. The published mitochondrial haplogroup for KO2 was K1, but her mt-SNP calls further show that she was K1a1.

KO2 likely had dark brown or light brown hair and brown eyes. She didn’t have any copies of the mutation that confers the ability to digest milk into adulthood.

KO2 had large amounts of the Mediterranean and Caucasus components, which is typical for Europe’s first farmers. She didn’t have any of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is associated with Y haplogroup R1b.

globe4

  • 94.09% European
  • 3.48% African
  • 2.43% Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian

globe10

  • 50.39% Southern
  • 36.06% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 11.26% West_Asian
  • 1.59% Neo_African
  • 0.49% East_Asian
  • 0.21% Australasian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

globe13

  • 63.98% Mediterranean
  • 21.49% Southwest_Asian
  • 8.85% West_Asian
  • 1.84% West_African
  • 1.63% East_Asian
  • 1.18% North_European
  • 0.80% East_African
  • 0.24% Australasian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K7b

  • 57.05% Southern
  • 32.26% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 8.36% West_Asian
  • 1.37% African
  • 0.96% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K10a

  • 70.37% Mediterranean
  • 10.26% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 9.69% West_Asian
  • 6.49% Red_Sea
  • 1.95% Sub_Saharan
  • 1.15% East_Asian
  • 0.07% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.02% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K12b

  • 47.77% Atlantic_Med
  • 27.46% Caucasus
  • 13.95% Southwest_Asian
  • 10.17% Northwest_African
  • 0.60% East_Asian
  • 0.05% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% North_European
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 52.79% Mediterranean
  • 19.14% Southwest_Asian
  • 12.66% West_European
  • 8.89% Northwest_African
  • 5.62% West_Asian
  • 0.89% Neo_African
  • 0.01% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_European
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 63.39% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 36.61% Caucasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Eurasian
  • 0.00% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 61.81% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 38.18% Caucasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Euroasian
  • 0.00% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.00% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=7

  • 62.39% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 37.60% Caucasian
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=8

  • 66.66% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 19.48% Caucasian
  • 13.85% West-European
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=9

  • 66.16% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 19.51% Caucasian
  • 11.07% West-European
  • 3.25% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=10

  • 62.02% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 18.10% Caucasian
  • 16.65% Iberian
  • 3.20% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% British
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=11

  • 62.03% Mediterranean
  • 17.96% Caucasian
  • 16.72% Iberian
  • 3.23% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.04% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.03% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=12

  • 61.59% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 17.86% Caucasian
  • 16.89% Iberian
  • 3.22% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.37% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.06% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central Asian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=13

  • 20.57% Altaic
  • 19.68% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.61% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.98% East-Mediterranean
  • 9.23% South-Central-Asian
  • 6.92% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.49% Mediterrean
  • 6.44% Baltic-Finnic
  • 2.91% Iberian
  • 2.76% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.84% Caucasian
  • 0.58% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European

MDLP K=14

  • 40.82% Mediterranean
  • 33.35% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.23% Iberian
  • 10.09% East-Mediterranean
  • 2.75% Caucasian
  • 2.73% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.03% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Balto-Slavic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=15

  • 41.02% Balkanic-1
  • 33.19% West-Mediterranean
  • 10.23% Iberian
  • 10.21% East-Mediterranean
  • 2.71% Balkanic-2
  • 2.61% Caucasian
  • 0.03% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Balto-Slavic
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 56.99% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 29.78% Near_East
  • 6.22% West-Asian
  • 3.90% North-East-European
  • 1.42% Pygmy
  • 0.85% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.85% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 62.86% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 21.90% West_European_HG
  • 8.51% Caucasian-Basal
  • 2.30% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 1.15% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.62% Archaic_African
  • 0.62% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.58% Circumpolar
  • 0.46% South_East_Asian
  • 0.40% Uralic
  • 0.18% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.12% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.12% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.08% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.08% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.01% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Melano-Austronesian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 53.52% Mediterranean
  • 21.79% North_West_European
  • 13.56% Afroasiatic
  • 6.46% Caucasian
  • 2.01% South_East_Asian
  • 1.50% Arctic
  • 1.05% Archaic_African
  • 0.09% East_African
  • 0.02% Roma
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_European
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.00% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.00% South_Central_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West_Siberian

MDLP K23b

  • 39.43% European_Early_Farmers
  • 37.43% Caucasian
  • 13.35% Near-East
  • 7.92% North-African
  • 1.37% Archaic-Human
  • 0.25% Austroloid
  • 0.08% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 0.06% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.04% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.02% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.01% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.01% East-African
  • 0.00% African-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberian
  • 0.00% Khoisan
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
Posted in Uncategorized
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.