Analyses of an Early Bronze Age Hungarian genome

Below are the results of analyses of the BR1 sample from the Early Bronze Age Makó culture of Hungary. The sample is from the Kompolt-Kígyósér site, and it is dated to 1980–2190 BC.

BR1 was female and belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup K1c1.

BR1 had two copies of the major Caucasoid depigmentation mutation in the gene SLC24A5 and one copy of the other major Caucasoid depigmentation mutation in the gene SLC45A2. She likely had black or dark brown hair and brown eyes. She didn’t have any copies of the mutation that confers the ability to digest milk into adulthood.

BR1 had amounts of the K12b North European, Atlantic Med, and Southwest Asian components that are very similar to the amounts for modern-day Hungarians. She had 9.46% of the K12b Caucasus component, which is associated with Y haplogroups G, J2, and R1a. Modern-day Hungarians have 16.2%. She didn’t have any of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is associated with Y haplogroup R1b. Modern-day Hungarians have 4.1%.

globe4

  • 90.84% European
  • 6.57% Amerindian
  • 1.61% African
  • 0.98% Asian

globe10

  • 79.13% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 13.37% Southern
  • 2.54% West_Asian
  • 2.33% East_Asian
  • 1.78% Neo_African
  • 0.50% Australasian
  • 0.27% South_Asian
  • 0.04% Siberian
  • 0.03% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 57.06% North_European
  • 31.41% Mediterranean
  • 6.13% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.93% East_Asian
  • 1.05% West_Asian
  • 1.02% East_African
  • 1.00% West_African
  • 0.40% Australasian
  • 0.01% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian

K7b

  • 75.40% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 16.21% Southern
  • 4.94% West_Asian
  • 1.69% African
  • 1.34% East_Asian
  • 0.28% Siberian
  • 0.15% South_Asian

K10a

  • 63.51% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 29.02% Mediterranean
  • 2.47% Red_Sea
  • 2.07% West_Asian
  • 1.45% Sub_Saharan
  • 1.01% East_Asian
  • 0.34% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.07% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.06% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian

K12b

  • 48.74% North_European
  • 34.34% Atlantic_Med
  • 9.46% Caucasus
  • 3.87% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.12% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.78% South_Asian
  • 0.77% East_African
  • 0.63% East_Asian
  • 0.25% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.03% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% Siberian

dv3

  • 42.33% West_European
  • 25.94% Mediterranean
  • 25.02% East_European
  • 3.02% Southwest_Asian
  • 1.27% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.96% Palaeo_African
  • 0.75% Neo_African
  • 0.69% Northwest_African
  • 0.02% West_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 48.60% West-Eurasian
  • 36.77% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 10.83% Caucasian
  • 1.96% East-Eurasian
  • 1.83% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 53.79% West-Eurasian
  • 30.25% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 9.78% Caucasian
  • 3.02% North-West-Eurasian
  • 1.85% East-Euroasian
  • 1.32% South-Asian

MDLP K=7

  • 53.28% West-Eurasian
  • 29.79% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 9.59% Caucasian
  • 2.98% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 1.60% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.47% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.29% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=8

  • 46.41% East-European
  • 24.27% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 19.96% West-European
  • 2.71% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.59% Caucasian
  • 1.75% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.29% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.02% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=9

  • 45.84% East-European
  • 24.26% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 18.74% West-European
  • 2.73% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.71% Caucasian
  • 1.77% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.67% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.26% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.01% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=10

  • 39.33% East-European
  • 22.18% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 17.40% British
  • 12.18% Iberian
  • 2.62% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.73% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.60% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.21% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.01% Caucasian
  • 0.76% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=11

  • 39.16% East-European
  • 22.16% Mediterranean
  • 16.74% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.01% Iberian
  • 3.50% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.47% Paleo-North-European
  • 1.59% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.81% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.77% Caucasian
  • 0.73% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.06% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 35.94% East-European
  • 21.30% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 16.20% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.36% Iberian
  • 8.14% Balto-Finnic
  • 3.28% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.48% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.81% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.76% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.47% South-Central Asian
  • 0.24% Caucasian
  • 0.03% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 22.08% Altaic
  • 17.17% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 13.26% Celto-Germanic
  • 10.58% Mediterrean
  • 8.39% East-European
  • 8.24% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.17% South-Central-Asian
  • 5.20% Baltic-Finnic
  • 4.23% Iberian
  • 3.94% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.26% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.25% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.21% Caucasian

MDLP K=14

  • 32.61% Balto-Slavic
  • 14.57% Mediterranean
  • 14.14% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.69% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 8.63% Iberian
  • 7.50% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.51% East-Mediterranean
  • 2.99% Volga-Finnic
  • 1.17% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.57% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.55% Altaic
  • 0.04% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.02% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Caucasian

MDLP K=15

  • 32.71% Balto-Slavic
  • 14.49% Balkanic-1
  • 14.22% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.59% West-Mediterranean
  • 8.56% Iberian
  • 7.38% Balto-Finnic
  • 4.44% East-Mediterranean
  • 2.89% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.15% Balkanic-2
  • 0.71% East-Altaic
  • 0.52% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.29% West-Altaic
  • 0.04% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.01% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Caucasian

MDLP World-22

  • 58.03% North-East-European
  • 30.90% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 5.11% Near_East
  • 1.22% Melanesian
  • 1.20% North-Siberean
  • 1.08% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.90% Pygmy
  • 0.56% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.56% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.29% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.09% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.06% West-Asian
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 54.22% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 17.88% West_European_HG
  • 17.54% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 2.90% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 1.66% Caucasian-Basal
  • 1.23% Uralic
  • 0.83% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.70% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.50% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.44% Amerindian
  • 0.42% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.32% Circumpolar
  • 0.31% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.30% Archaic_African
  • 0.30% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.26% South_East_Asian
  • 0.18% Ancestral_East_Siberian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 43.59% East_European
  • 23.73% North_West_European
  • 16.72% Mediterranean
  • 4.22% Sami-Finnic
  • 1.91% Afroasiatic
  • 1.90% South_East_Asian
  • 1.56% Roma
  • 1.45% Melano-Austronesian
  • 1.32% Amerindian
  • 1.21% South_Indian
  • 1.10% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.79% East_African
  • 0.36% Caucasian
  • 0.13% West_Siberian
  • 0.03% Archaic_African
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Central_Asian

MDLP K23b

  • 44.51% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 24.74% European_Early_Farmers
  • 22.20% Caucasian
  • 2.83% Near-East
  • 1.86% North-African
  • 1.14% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.61% Archaic-Human
  • 0.44% East-African
  • 0.36% Austroloid
  • 0.27% South-East-Asian
  • 0.24% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.19% African-Pygmy
  • 0.17% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.15% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.06% Arctic
  • 0.06% Austronesian
  • 0.06% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.04% Khoisan
  • 0.03% Altaiс
  • 0.03% Subsaharian
  • 0.02% East-Siberian
  • 0.01% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Archaic-African
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a second Early Neolithic Hungarian genome

Below are the results of analyses of the KO2 sample from the Early Neolithic Körös culture of Hungary. The sample is from the Berettyóújfalu-Morotva-Liget site, and it is dated to 5570–5710 BC.

KO2 was female. The published mitochondrial haplogroup for KO2 was K1, but her mt-SNP calls further show that she was K1a1.

KO2 likely had dark brown or light brown hair and brown eyes. She didn’t have any copies of the mutation that confers the ability to digest milk into adulthood.

KO2 had large amounts of the Mediterranean and Caucasus components, which is typical for Europe’s first farmers. She didn’t have any of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is associated with Y haplogroup R1b.

globe4

  • 94.09% European
  • 3.48% African
  • 2.43% Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian

globe10

  • 50.39% Southern
  • 36.06% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 11.26% West_Asian
  • 1.59% Neo_African
  • 0.49% East_Asian
  • 0.21% Australasian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

globe13

  • 63.98% Mediterranean
  • 21.49% Southwest_Asian
  • 8.85% West_Asian
  • 1.84% West_African
  • 1.63% East_Asian
  • 1.18% North_European
  • 0.80% East_African
  • 0.24% Australasian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K7b

  • 57.05% Southern
  • 32.26% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 8.36% West_Asian
  • 1.37% African
  • 0.96% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K10a

  • 70.37% Mediterranean
  • 10.26% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 9.69% West_Asian
  • 6.49% Red_Sea
  • 1.95% Sub_Saharan
  • 1.15% East_Asian
  • 0.07% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.02% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K12b

  • 47.77% Atlantic_Med
  • 27.46% Caucasus
  • 13.95% Southwest_Asian
  • 10.17% Northwest_African
  • 0.60% East_Asian
  • 0.05% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% North_European
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Sub_Saharan

dv3

  • 52.79% Mediterranean
  • 19.14% Southwest_Asian
  • 12.66% West_European
  • 8.89% Northwest_African
  • 5.62% West_Asian
  • 0.89% Neo_African
  • 0.01% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_European
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 63.39% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 36.61% Caucasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Eurasian
  • 0.00% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 61.81% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 38.18% Caucasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Euroasian
  • 0.00% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.00% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=7

  • 62.39% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 37.60% Caucasian
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West-Eurasian

MDLP K=8

  • 66.66% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 19.48% Caucasian
  • 13.85% West-European
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=9

  • 66.16% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 19.51% Caucasian
  • 11.07% West-European
  • 3.25% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.01% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=10

  • 62.02% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 18.10% Caucasian
  • 16.65% Iberian
  • 3.20% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% British
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=11

  • 62.03% Mediterranean
  • 17.96% Caucasian
  • 16.72% Iberian
  • 3.23% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.04% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.03% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=12

  • 61.59% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 17.86% Caucasian
  • 16.89% Iberian
  • 3.22% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.37% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.06% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central Asian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=13

  • 20.57% Altaic
  • 19.68% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.61% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.98% East-Mediterranean
  • 9.23% South-Central-Asian
  • 6.92% Uralic-Permic
  • 6.49% Mediterrean
  • 6.44% Baltic-Finnic
  • 2.91% Iberian
  • 2.76% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.84% Caucasian
  • 0.58% East-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European

MDLP K=14

  • 40.82% Mediterranean
  • 33.35% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 10.23% Iberian
  • 10.09% East-Mediterranean
  • 2.75% Caucasian
  • 2.73% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.03% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Balto-Slavic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=15

  • 41.02% Balkanic-1
  • 33.19% West-Mediterranean
  • 10.23% Iberian
  • 10.21% East-Mediterranean
  • 2.71% Balkanic-2
  • 2.61% Caucasian
  • 0.03% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Balto-Slavic
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 56.99% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 29.78% Near_East
  • 6.22% West-Asian
  • 3.90% North-East-European
  • 1.42% Pygmy
  • 0.85% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.85% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 62.86% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 21.90% West_European_HG
  • 8.51% Caucasian-Basal
  • 2.30% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 1.15% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.62% Archaic_African
  • 0.62% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.58% Circumpolar
  • 0.46% South_East_Asian
  • 0.40% Uralic
  • 0.18% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.12% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.12% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.08% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.08% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.01% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Melano-Austronesian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 53.52% Mediterranean
  • 21.79% North_West_European
  • 13.56% Afroasiatic
  • 6.46% Caucasian
  • 2.01% South_East_Asian
  • 1.50% Arctic
  • 1.05% Archaic_African
  • 0.09% East_African
  • 0.02% Roma
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_European
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.00% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.00% South_Central_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% West_Siberian

MDLP K23b

  • 39.43% European_Early_Farmers
  • 37.43% Caucasian
  • 13.35% Near-East
  • 7.92% North-African
  • 1.37% Archaic-Human
  • 0.25% Austroloid
  • 0.08% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 0.06% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.04% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.02% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.01% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.01% East-African
  • 0.00% African-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberian
  • 0.00% Khoisan
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Subsaharian
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of an Early Neolithic Hungarian genome

Below are the results of analyses of the KO1 sample from the Early Neolithic Körös culture of Hungary. The sample is from the Tiszaszőlős-Domaháza site, and it is dated to 5650–5780 BC.

KO1 was male. The published Y haplogroup for KO1 was I2a, but his Y-SNP calls further show that he was I2a1*. The published mitochondrial haplogroup for KO1 was R3, which was renamed early this year to R1b. The mt-SNP calls for KO1 further show that he was R1b1.

KO1 had one copy of the major Caucasoid depigmentation mutation in the gene SLC24A5, but he didn’t have any copies of the other major Caucasoid depigmentation mutation in the gene SLC45A2. He likely had black or dark brown hair and blue eyes. He didn’t have any copies of the mutation that confers the ability to digest milk into adulthood.

The admixture results for KO1 are similar to those of the Y haplogroup I hunter-gatherers of Mesolithic Europe. He had large amounts of the North European components, and small amounts of the Mediterranean components. He didn’t have any of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is associated with Y haplogroup R1b, nor did he have any of the K12b Caucasus component, which is associated with Y haplogroups G, J2, and R1a. He doesn’t show any signs of admixture from the Near Easterners who introduced farming to Europe, which indicates that he or his immediate ancestors had only recently abandoned a hunting and gathering lifestyle to become part of the agricultural Körös culture.

globe4

  • 86.96% European
  • 11.23% Amerindian
  • 1.81% African
  • 0.00% Asian

globe10

  • 95.03% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 1.91% Neo_African
  • 1.37% Siberian
  • 1.02% Australasian
  • 0.44% South_Asian
  • 0.23% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

globe13

  • 82.08% North_European
  • 14.64% Mediterranean
  • 1.87% West_African
  • 0.78% Australasian
  • 0.41% Siberian
  • 0.18% Palaeo_African
  • 0.04% East_African
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K7b

  • 96.19% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 2.09% African
  • 1.23% Siberian
  • 0.35% East_Asian
  • 0.15% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southern
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K10a

  • 91.71% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 5.41% Mediterranean
  • 1.84% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.55% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.44% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.03% Siberian
  • 0.01% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K12b

  • 70.14% North_European
  • 27.50% Atlantic_Med
  • 1.72% Sub_Saharan
  • 0.40% Siberian
  • 0.21% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.02% East_Asian
  • 0.01% East_African
  • 0.00% Caucasus
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

dv3

  • 62.77% West_European
  • 31.64% East_European
  • 2.94% Mediterranean
  • 1.22% Palaeo_African
  • 1.19% Neo_African
  • 0.16% Northwest_African
  • 0.08% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.01% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 76.17% West-Eurasian
  • 22.54% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 1.29% East-Eurasian
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 74.25% West-Eurasian
  • 14.21% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.54% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East-Euroasian
  • 0.00% South-Asian

MDLP K=7

  • 74.95% West-Eurasian
  • 13.75% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.27% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.03% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=8

  • 58.69% East-European
  • 32.65% West-European
  • 8.14% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.51% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.01% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=9

  • 57.93% East-European
  • 33.37% West-European
  • 8.17% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.44% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.08% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.01% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=10

  • 51.85% East-European
  • 27.45% British
  • 12.00% Iberian
  • 8.70% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.01% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian

MDLP K=11

  • 52.04% East-European
  • 27.23% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.83% Iberian
  • 8.85% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.04% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 42.62% East-European
  • 25.04% Celto-Germanic
  • 16.13% Balto-Finnic
  • 10.56% Iberian
  • 5.64% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.01% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 20.82% Altaic
  • 15.44% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.82% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.06% Mediterrean
  • 9.87% East-European
  • 8.63% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.10% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.89% Baltic-Finnic
  • 4.34% Iberian
  • 3.23% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.56% Uralic-Permic
  • 1.26% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.97% Caucasian

MDLP K=14

  • 43.62% Balto-Slavic
  • 26.92% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.02% Balto-Finnic
  • 10.10% Iberian
  • 5.33% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.01% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=15

  • 43.72% Balto-Slavic
  • 26.92% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.09% Balto-Finnic
  • 9.78% Iberian
  • 5.41% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.06% East-Altaic
  • 0.01% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Balkanic-1
  • 0.00% Balkanic-2
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% West-Altaic
  • 0.00% West-Mediterranean

MDLP World-22

  • 75.74% North-East-European
  • 12.39% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 8.55% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 1.61% Sub-Saharian
  • 1.06% Austronesian
  • 0.32% South-African
  • 0.20% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.06% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.05% Pygmy
  • 0.01% Melanesian
  • 0.01% Samoedic
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% West-Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 72.57% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 19.19% West_European_HG
  • 5.12% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.84% Uralic
  • 0.66% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.27% Archaic_African
  • 0.27% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.21% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.17% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.16% Circumpolar
  • 0.13% Amerindian
  • 0.13% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 0.12% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.08% South_East_Asian
  • 0.07% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.01% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.00% Caucasian-Basal

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 56.63% East_European
  • 29.72% North_West_European
  • 10.30% Sami-Finnic
  • 1.08% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.57% West_Siberian
  • 0.56% South_East_Asian
  • 0.51% Archaic_African
  • 0.39% East_African
  • 0.15% Amerindian
  • 0.08% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Roma
  • 0.00% South_Central_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian

MDLP K23b

  • 76.01% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 19.09% European_Early_Farmers
  • 1.07% Austroloid
  • 0.59% African-Pygmy
  • 0.51% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.45% South-East-Asian
  • 0.43% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.33% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.31% Khoisan
  • 0.24% East-African
  • 0.21% Subsaharian
  • 0.19% North-African
  • 0.11% Archaic-African
  • 0.10% Archaic-Human
  • 0.10% East-Siberian
  • 0.07% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.05% Altaiс
  • 0.05% Arctic
  • 0.04% Austronesian
  • 0.02% Amerindian
  • 0.02% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.00% Near-East
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a fifth ancient English genome

Below are the results of analyses of ERS389799, the fifth of the five Iron Age and Anglo-Saxon samples from Hinxton, England.

The data indicate that ERS389799 was female. The mt-SNP calls show that she belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup H2a2a1.

ERS389799 didn’t have any of the K12b Gedrosia component. She had a bit less of the MDLP Iberian components than ERS389796, and a bit more of them than ERS389798.

The abstract for the paper on these ancient English genomes mentions that one of the two Iron Age genomes is high coverage. ERS389798 is the high coverage genome, so we know that ERS389798 is one of the two Iron Age samples. The abstract also mentions that the Iron Age samples had a greater affinity with Iberian samples. Since ERS389797 had such large amounts of the MDLP Iberian components, we can deduce that ERS389797 is the other Iron Age sample. The three samples from the Anglo-Saxon period are therefore ERS389795, ERS389796, and ERS389799. The abstract mentioned that the samples from the Anglo-Saxon period had a greater affinity with Finnish samples. We can see that this finding is due to ERS389795, which had large amounts of the MDLP Balto-Finnic components.

globe4

  • 88.51% European
  • 5.93% African
  • 5.57% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Asian

globe10

  • 85.96% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 6.00% Southern
  • 5.37% Neo_African
  • 1.41% Palaeo_African
  • 1.26% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

globe13

  • 60.87% North_European
  • 31.98% Mediterranean
  • 5.02% West_African
  • 1.57% Palaeo_African
  • 0.55% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K7b

  • 85.37% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 7.16% Southern
  • 6.86% African
  • 0.50% Siberian
  • 0.11% West_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K10a

  • 67.95% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 25.60% Mediterranean
  • 5.34% Sub_Saharan
  • 1.11% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

K12b

  • 54.51% North_European
  • 38.02% Atlantic_Med
  • 5.01% Sub_Saharan
  • 2.32% East_African
  • 0.08% Northwest_African
  • 0.06% Caucasus
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Gedrosia
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

dv3

  • 59.73% West_European
  • 24.91% Mediterranean
  • 8.22% East_European
  • 5.41% Palaeo_African
  • 1.69% Neo_African
  • 0.03% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% West_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 47.18% West-Eurasian
  • 42.46% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 9.97% Caucasian
  • 0.39% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 46.71% West-Eurasian
  • 38.86% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 8.34% Caucasian
  • 6.08% North-West-Eurasian
  • 0.01% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Euroasian

MDLP K=7

  • 44.62% West-Eurasian
  • 37.77% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 9.60% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 7.98% Caucasian
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=8

  • 48.49% West-European
  • 26.70% East-European
  • 12.52% Caucasian
  • 6.54% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.72% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=9

  • 48.53% West-European
  • 24.40% East-European
  • 12.44% Caucasian
  • 6.14% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.83% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.63% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.02% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=10

  • 52.96% British
  • 15.28% Iberian
  • 10.70% East-European
  • 6.88% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 5.82% Paleo-North-European
  • 5.13% Caucasian
  • 2.83% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.40% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=11

  • 53.87% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.24% Iberian
  • 10.69% East-European
  • 6.43% Mediterranean
  • 5.61% Paleo-North-European
  • 5.18% Caucasian
  • 2.85% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.58% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.56% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 54.58% Celto-Germanic
  • 13.81% Iberian
  • 11.87% East-European
  • 6.06% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 6.03% Paleo-North-European
  • 4.22% Caucasian
  • 2.58% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.41% South-Central Asian
  • 0.41% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.01% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 25.79% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 23.05% Altaic
  • 13.07% East-Mediterranean
  • 12.15% Mediterrean
  • 8.28% Baltic-Finnic
  • 7.90% South-Central-Asian
  • 7.06% Celto-Germanic
  • 2.03% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.63% Caucasian
  • 0.02% Iberian
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=14

  • 49.71% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.55% Iberian
  • 11.01% Balto-Slavic
  • 8.83% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.13% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 5.21% Mediterranean
  • 3.51% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 2.34% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.47% Caucasian
  • 0.15% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.08% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=15

  • 50.64% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.28% Balto-Slavic
  • 11.00% Iberian
  • 8.17% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.19% Paleo-North-European
  • 5.23% Balkanic-1
  • 3.29% West-Mediterranean
  • 2.37% Balkanic-2
  • 1.49% Caucasian
  • 0.24% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.11% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% West-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 46.14% North-East-European
  • 38.16% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 11.02% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 3.02% Pygmy
  • 1.65% South-African
  • 0.01% Sub-Saharian
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% Near_East
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% West-Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 51.19% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 28.36% West_European_HG
  • 10.29% Caucasian-Basal
  • 7.22% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 1.61% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.29% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.27% Uralic
  • 0.16% Amerindian
  • 0.13% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.11% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.08% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.08% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.06% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 0.04% Archaic_African
  • 0.04% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.04% South_East_Asian
  • 0.01% Circumpolar

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 43.66% North_West_European
  • 25.57% East_European
  • 16.83% Caucasian
  • 12.09% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.87% Mediterranean
  • 0.85% Archaic_African
  • 0.11% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_African
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.00% Roma
  • 0.00% South_Central_Asian
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian
  • 0.00% West_Siberian

MDLP K23b

  • 43.33% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 23.15% European_Early_Farmers
  • 16.11% Caucasian
  • 4.38% Near-East
  • 3.27% Austronesian
  • 2.61% North-African
  • 1.52% African-Pygmy
  • 1.31% Archaic-Human
  • 1.21% Archaic-African
  • 1.08% Subsaharian
  • 0.74% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.62% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.44% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 0.11% East-African
  • 0.10% Austroloid
  • 0.01% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East-Siberian
  • 0.00% Khoisan
  • 0.00% Melano-Polinesian
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a fourth ancient English genome

Below are the results of analyses of ERS389798, the fourth of the five Iron Age and Anglo-Saxon samples from Hinxton, England.

The data indicate that ERS389798 was male. It can be inferred from the Y-SNP calls that he belonged to Y haplogroup R1b, and he may have belonged to R1b1a2a1a2c1g2-FGC3903/S5201/Y2890.

The mt-SNP calls show that ERS389798 belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup H1ag1.

ERS389798 had the ancestral allele of the SNP rs12203592 in the gene IRF4. The derived allele of this SNP is associated with lighter hair and eye color, and freckling.

He had the ancestral allele of the SNP rs1110400 in the gene MC1R. The derived allele of this SNP is associated with red hair.

He had the ancestral allele of the SNP rs1805007 in the gene MC1R. The derived allele is associated with red hair.

He had the ancestral allele of rs1805008 in MC1R. The derived allele of this SNP is also associated with red hair.

He had the ancestral allele of rs12913832 in HERC2. The derived allele is associated with blue eyes.

ERS389798 had 5.96% of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is a bit less than the 6.53% that ERS389796 had. He also had a bit less of the MDLP Iberian components than ERS389796 had.

globe4

  • 87.71% European
  • 6.39% Amerindian
  • 5.67% African
  • 0.23% Asian

globe10

  • 68.78% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 13.52% Southern
  • 7.11% West_Asian
  • 5.82% Neo_African
  • 2.81% South_Asian
  • 1.81% Australasian
  • 0.13% Amerindian
  • 0.02% Siberian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African

globe13

  • 47.15% North_European
  • 31.66% Mediterranean
  • 7.30% West_Asian
  • 3.86% East_African
  • 3.19% Southwest_Asian
  • 2.86% West_African
  • 1.76% Arctic
  • 1.51% Australasian
  • 0.71% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Siberian

K7b

  • 64.34% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 16.13% Southern
  • 9.87% West_Asian
  • 6.01% African
  • 3.59% South_Asian
  • 0.06% Siberian
  • 0.01% East_Asian

K10a

  • 52.78% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 28.85% Mediterranean
  • 7.28% West_Asian
  • 5.74% Sub_Saharan
  • 3.07% South_Asian
  • 1.43% Red_Sea
  • 0.85% Siberian
  • 0.01% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeoafrican

K12b

  • 39.04% North_European
  • 32.43% Atlantic_Med
  • 9.12% Caucasus
  • 5.96% Gedrosia
  • 3.54% Sub_Saharan
  • 2.90% South_Asian
  • 2.73% East_African
  • 2.63% Northwest_African
  • 1.63% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.02% Siberian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

dv3

  • 48.72% West_European
  • 23.25% Mediterranean
  • 9.04% East_European
  • 9.00% West_Asian
  • 3.85% Neo_African
  • 2.49% East_African
  • 1.52% Palaeo_African
  • 1.31% Northwest_African
  • 0.77% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.05% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 36.55% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 34.70% West-Eurasian
  • 19.49% Caucasian
  • 4.94% South-Asian
  • 4.31% East-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 37.11% West-Eurasian
  • 33.15% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 18.18% Caucasian
  • 4.48% South-Asian
  • 4.29% East-Euroasian
  • 2.79% North-West-Eurasian

MDLP K=7

  • 37.39% West-Eurasian
  • 32.52% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 18.08% Caucasian
  • 4.48% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.39% Altaic-Turkic
  • 2.50% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.64% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=8

  • 35.46% West-European
  • 23.99% East-European
  • 17.28% Caucasian
  • 13.95% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 4.57% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.46% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.15% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.15% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=9

  • 35.12% West-European
  • 22.88% East-European
  • 17.16% Caucasian
  • 14.30% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 4.55% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.41% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.32% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.15% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.11% Paleo-Scandinavian

MDLP K=10

  • 36.33% British
  • 14.39% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 13.68% Iberian
  • 13.04% East-European
  • 11.89% Caucasian
  • 4.58% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.43% Altaic-Turkic
  • 1.38% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.25% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.03% Paleo-North-European

MDLP K=11

  • 36.19% Celto-Germanic
  • 14.12% Mediterranean
  • 12.98% Iberian
  • 12.65% East-European
  • 11.63% Caucasian
  • 4.34% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.73% Altaic-Turkic
  • 2.99% Uralic-Permic
  • 1.33% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.03% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=12

  • 34.99% Celto-Germanic
  • 13.69% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 12.75% Iberian
  • 11.52% East-European
  • 11.21% Caucasian
  • 4.32% South-Central Asian
  • 3.80% Balto-Finnic
  • 3.61% Alatic-Turkic
  • 2.87% Uralic-Permic
  • 1.24% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K=13

  • 22.06% Altaic
  • 16.81% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 14.95% Celto-Germanic
  • 8.18% South-Central-Asian
  • 8.05% Iberian
  • 7.99% Mediterrean
  • 7.93% East-Mediterranean
  • 7.72% East-European
  • 4.35% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.96% Baltic-Finnic
  • 0.00% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=14

  • 32.03% Celto-Germanic
  • 15.73% Mediterranean
  • 11.15% Iberian
  • 10.89% East-Mediterranean
  • 10.16% Balto-Slavic
  • 5.19% Caucasian
  • 3.89% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.49% Balto-Finnic
  • 3.35% Altaic
  • 2.78% Uralic-Permic
  • 1.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.34% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Volga-Finnic

MDLP K=15

  • 32.33% Celto-Germanic
  • 15.76% Balkanic-1
  • 11.03% Iberian
  • 10.73% East-Mediterranean
  • 10.33% Balto-Slavic
  • 5.00% Caucasian
  • 3.82% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.47% Balto-Finnic
  • 2.54% Uralic-Permic
  • 2.39% West-Altaic
  • 1.53% East-Altaic
  • 0.99% Balkanic-2
  • 0.08% West-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP World-22

  • 45.42% North-East-European
  • 34.33% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 4.40% West-Asian
  • 3.91% Near_East
  • 3.58% Sub-Saharian
  • 2.99% Austronesian
  • 2.49% Samoedic
  • 1.55% Arctic-Amerind
  • 1.24% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 0.07% Melanesian
  • 0.01% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 40.41% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 22.12% West_European_HG
  • 15.85% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 9.29% Caucasian-Basal
  • 3.71% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 1.62% Archaic_African
  • 1.62% Near-East-Basal
  • 1.50% Melano-Austronesian
  • 1.31% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 0.76% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.68% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.47% Circumpolar
  • 0.22% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.18% Uralic
  • 0.11% Amerindian
  • 0.08% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.07% South_East_Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 35.35% North_West_European
  • 25.85% East_European
  • 15.03% Caucasian
  • 10.24% Mediterranean
  • 5.58% East_African
  • 2.87% South_Indian
  • 2.78% Arctic
  • 1.08% Afroasiatic
  • 0.88% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.25% Archaic_African
  • 0.05% South_Central_Asian
  • 0.03% West_Siberian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Roma
  • 0.00% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% Volga-Uralic

MDLP K23b

  • 32.46% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 31.80% European_Early_Farmers
  • 13.98% Caucasian
  • 6.77% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 6.56% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 4.69% Subsaharian
  • 1.35% North-African
  • 0.97% East-African
  • 0.54% Arctic
  • 0.29% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.22% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.16% Austroloid
  • 0.09% Near-East
  • 0.07% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.01% African-Pygmy
  • 0.01% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Archaic-Human
  • 0.01% East-Siberian
  • 0.01% South-East-Asian
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Archaic-African
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% Khoisan
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a third ancient English genome

Below are the results of analyses of ERS389797, the third of the five Iron Age and Anglo-Saxon samples from Hinxton, England.

The data indicate that ERS389797 was female. The mt-SNP calls show that she belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup K1a4a1a2.

ERS389797 had 15.23% of the K12b Gedrosia component, which is more than twice as much as ERS389796 had. It is also significantly more than the 10.6% of the Gedrosia component found in England today. We can be certain that ERS389797 belonged to a group of R1b people.

ERS389797 also had about twice as much of the MDLP Iberian components as ERS389796. The association between R1b, the Gedrosia component, and the Iberian components supports my belief that R1b people inhabited an Iberian refuge for much of the Upper Paleolithic, before spreading north and east during the Mesolithic and Neolithic.

globe4

  • 90.33% European
  • 5.90% African
  • 3.76% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Asian

globe10

  • 67.27% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 13.26% West_Asian
  • 12.70% Southern
  • 3.10% Neo_African
  • 2.66% Palaeo_African
  • 1.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian

globe13

  • 44.32% North_European
  • 34.24% Mediterranean
  • 13.25% West_Asian
  • 2.17% West_African
  • 2.16% Palaeo_African
  • 1.73% East_African
  • 1.15% Arctic
  • 0.98% Southwest_Asian
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Australasian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

K7b

  • 64.24% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 13.93% West_Asian
  • 13.88% Southern
  • 6.70% African
  • 1.11% South_Asian
  • 0.13% East_Asian
  • 0.01% Siberian

K10a

  • 53.71% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 29.63% Mediterranean
  • 9.15% West_Asian
  • 4.04% Sub_Saharan
  • 2.30% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.91% East_Asian
  • 0.17% South_Asian
  • 0.09% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

K12b

  • 42.03% Atlantic_Med
  • 29.58% North_European
  • 15.23% Gedrosia
  • 3.96% Sub_Saharan
  • 3.42% Caucasus
  • 2.82% East_African
  • 2.43% Northwest_African
  • 0.52% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

dv3

  • 48.98% West_European
  • 23.37% Mediterranean
  • 10.98% West_Asian
  • 5.25% Northwest_African
  • 4.02% Neo_African
  • 3.16% East_European
  • 2.80% East_African
  • 1.32% South_Asian
  • 0.13% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 40.46% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 36.28% West-Eurasian
  • 10.39% Caucasian
  • 6.47% East-Eurasian
  • 6.40% South-Asian

MDLP K=6

  • 38.50% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 33.91% West-Eurasian
  • 8.93% Caucasian
  • 8.15% North-West-Eurasian
  • 6.19% South-Asian
  • 4.32% East-Euroasian

MDLP K=7

  • 38.09% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 33.83% West-Eurasian
  • 8.52% Caucasian
  • 6.00% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.95% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 4.61% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.01% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=8

  • 52.26% West-European
  • 14.70% Caucasian
  • 12.21% East-European
  • 6.73% South-Central-Asian
  • 5.78% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 4.24% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.51% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.57% Paleo-Scandinavian

MDLP K=9

  • 52.27% West-European
  • 14.43% Caucasian
  • 10.51% East-European
  • 6.08% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.87% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 4.10% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.76% Altaic-Turkic
  • 3.57% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.42% Paleo-Scandinavian

MDLP K=10

  • 38.80% British
  • 32.24% Iberian
  • 9.92% Caucasian
  • 5.61% South-Central-Asian
  • 4.44% Volga-Finnic
  • 4.11% Altaic-Turkic
  • 3.54% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.02% East-European
  • 0.30% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean

MDLP K=11

  • 39.47% Celto-Germanic
  • 31.31% Iberian
  • 9.73% Caucasian
  • 6.19% Volga-Uralic
  • 5.68% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.46% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 3.27% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.67% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.22% East-European
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 38.93% Celto-Germanic
  • 30.87% Iberian
  • 8.53% Caucasian
  • 6.04% Volga-Uralic
  • 5.59% South-Central Asian
  • 3.52% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 3.37% Alatic-Turkic
  • 2.00% East-European
  • 1.15% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 22.60% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 17.42% Altaic
  • 14.36% Celto-Germanic
  • 13.30% South-Central-Asian
  • 9.16% Mediterrean
  • 4.69% Volga-Uralic
  • 4.34% Baltic-Finnic
  • 3.66% Paleo-North-European
  • 3.13% Uralic-Permic
  • 3.08% Iberian
  • 2.21% East-European
  • 2.05% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Caucasian

MDLP K=14

  • 33.30% Celto-Germanic
  • 25.04% Iberian
  • 14.52% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.33% Caucasian
  • 4.28% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.74% Altaic
  • 3.61% Balto-Slavic
  • 3.49% Volga-Finnic
  • 3.17% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 1.62% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 0.89% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=15

  • 33.85% Celto-Germanic
  • 24.91% Iberian
  • 14.33% East-Mediterranean
  • 6.16% Caucasian
  • 4.76% West-Altaic
  • 4.11% Balto-Slavic
  • 3.35% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.27% Balkanic-2
  • 2.93% Volga-Uralic
  • 1.55% West-Mediterranean
  • 0.78% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Balkanic-1
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP World-22

  • 43.33% North-East-European
  • 31.35% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 7.69% South-African
  • 7.51% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 7.49% Arctic-Amerind
  • 1.92% Near_East
  • 0.71% West-Asian
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Melanesian
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Amerind
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind
  • 0.00% Sub-Saharian

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 33.79% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 21.53% West_European_HG
  • 13.90% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 9.06% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 6.13% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 4.20% Caucasian-Basal
  • 3.29% Uralic
  • 2.71% Melano-Austronesian
  • 2.21% Archaic_African
  • 2.21% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.49% Circumpolar
  • 0.28% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.12% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.05% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.02% Amerindian
  • 0.01% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.01% South_East_Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 37.47% North_West_European
  • 14.84% East_European
  • 14.54% South_Central_Asian
  • 10.01% Volga-Uralic
  • 9.64% Mediterranean
  • 4.84% East_African
  • 3.98% Archaic_African
  • 2.21% Caucasian
  • 1.97% Roma
  • 0.50% Melano-Austronesian
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian
  • 0.00% West_Siberian

MDLP K23b

  • 38.37% European_Early_Farmers
  • 31.14% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 11.92% Caucasian
  • 9.62% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 2.58% Subsaharian
  • 1.90% East-African
  • 1.76% African-Pygmy
  • 0.97% Austronesian
  • 0.63% Khoisan
  • 0.53% North-African
  • 0.24% East-Siberian
  • 0.21% Archaic-African
  • 0.08% Arctic
  • 0.02% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 0.02% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.01% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Altaiс
  • 0.00% Archaic-Human
  • 0.00% Austroloid
  • 0.00% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.00% Near-East
  • 0.00% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
Posted in Uncategorized

Analyses of a second ancient English genome

Below are the results of analyses of ERS389796, the second of the five Iron Age and Anglo-Saxon samples from Hinxton, England.

The data indicate that ERS389796 was female. The mt-SNP calls show that she belonged to mitochondrial haplogroup H2a2b1.

ERS389796 had the ancestral allele of the SNP rs1805005 in the gene MC1R. The derived allele of this SNP is associated with light blond hair and fair skin.

ERS389796 had 6.53% of the K12b Gedrosia component, which indicates that, unlike ERS389795, she had some admixture from R1b people.

ERS389796 had significantly more of the Iberian components in the MDLP calculators than ERS389795.

globe4

  • 86.40% European
  • 7.26% Amerindian
  • 6.34% African
  • 0.00% Asian

globe10

  • 80.46% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 6.20% Neo_African
  • 4.93% West_Asian
  • 4.11% Southern
  • 2.98% Australasian
  • 0.68% Amerindian
  • 0.64% Palaeo_African
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian

globe13

  • 56.60% North_European
  • 29.55% Mediterranean
  • 5.04% West_African
  • 4.36% West_Asian
  • 2.69% Australasian
  • 1.25% East_African
  • 0.30% Palaeo_African
  • 0.21% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

K7b

  • 77.30% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 8.36% West_Asian
  • 7.55% Southern
  • 5.88% African
  • 0.91% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Siberian

K10a

  • 62.83% Atlantic_Baltic
  • 25.64% Mediterranean
  • 5.56% Sub_Saharan
  • 4.38% West_Asian
  • 1.15% Palaeoafrican
  • 0.45% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Red_Sea
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian

K12b

  • 43.28% North_European
  • 37.61% Atlantic_Med
  • 6.63% Caucasus
  • 6.53% Gedrosia
  • 4.27% Sub_Saharan
  • 1.67% East_African
  • 0.02% South_Asian
  • 0.00% East_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% Siberian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

dv3

  • 61.87% West_European
  • 16.31% Mediterranean
  • 9.56% West_Asian
  • 6.34% East_African
  • 3.60% Palaeo_African
  • 1.35% East_European
  • 0.59% Neo_African
  • 0.37% Northeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Northwest_African
  • 0.00% South_Asian
  • 0.00% Southeast_Asian
  • 0.00% Southwest_Asian

MDLP K=5

  • 43.02% Paleo-mediterranean
  • 38.50% West-Eurasian
  • 13.62% Caucasian
  • 4.85% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Eurasian

MDLP K=6

  • 40.13% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 37.12% West-Eurasian
  • 12.21% Caucasian
  • 6.30% North-West-Eurasian
  • 4.25% South-Asian
  • 0.00% East-Euroasian

MDLP K=7

  • 39.30% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 38.52% West-Eurasian
  • 11.93% Caucasian
  • 4.68% South-Central-Asian
  • 3.28% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 2.28% Volga-Uralic
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=8

  • 42.16% West-European
  • 24.05% East-European
  • 14.14% Caucasian
  • 13.22% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 4.30% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.53% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.61% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic

MDLP K=9

  • 41.01% West-European
  • 23.41% East-European
  • 15.06% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 13.90% Caucasian
  • 4.42% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.51% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.69% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic

MDLP K=10

  • 41.00% British
  • 17.14% Iberian
  • 15.50% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 12.61% East-European
  • 7.49% Caucasian
  • 4.20% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.45% Volga-Finnic
  • 0.61% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic

MDLP K=11

  • 40.48% Celto-Germanic
  • 16.02% Iberian
  • 15.55% Mediterranean
  • 11.02% East-European
  • 6.96% Caucasian
  • 6.72% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.25% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.01% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.00% Altaic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=12

  • 40.53% Celto-Germanic
  • 15.52% Iberian
  • 15.21% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 11.27% East-European
  • 6.69% Volga-Uralic
  • 6.21% Caucasian
  • 2.93% South-Central Asian
  • 1.63% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.01% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Alatic-Turkic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=13

  • 22.76% Mediterrean
  • 17.46% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 15.31% Altaic
  • 12.91% Baltic-Finnic
  • 12.47% East-Mediterranean
  • 12.44% Volga-Uralic
  • 6.14% South-Central-Asian
  • 0.38% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.14% Caucasian
  • 0.00% Celto-Germanic
  • 0.00% East-European
  • 0.00% Iberian
  • 0.00% Paleo-North-European

MDLP K=14

  • 36.99% Celto-Germanic
  • 12.17% Paleo-Mediterranean
  • 12.02% Iberian
  • 10.69% Balto-Slavic
  • 10.13% Mediterranean
  • 6.77% Caucasian
  • 6.47% Volga-Finnic
  • 2.51% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.44% Paleo-Scandinavian
  • 0.81% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Altaic
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% Paleo-Balkanic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic

MDLP K=15

  • 37.26% Celto-Germanic
  • 11.73% Iberian
  • 11.61% West-Mediterranean
  • 10.85% Balto-Slavic
  • 10.24% Balkanic-1
  • 6.67% Caucasian
  • 6.63% Volga-Uralic
  • 2.61% South-Central-Asian
  • 1.45% Paleo-North-European
  • 0.95% East-Mediterranean
  • 0.00% Balkanic-2
  • 0.00% Balto-Finnic
  • 0.00% East-Altaic
  • 0.00% Uralic-Permic
  • 0.00% West-Altaic

MDLP World-22

  • 46.47% North-East-European
  • 28.36% Atlantic_Mediterranean_Neolithic
  • 9.73% West-Asian
  • 3.98% North-European-Mesolithic
  • 3.42% Sub-Saharian
  • 3.09% Melanesian
  • 2.28% North-Amerind
  • 2.11% Indian
  • 0.56% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.01% Near_East
  • 0.00% Arctic-Amerind
  • 0.00% Austronesian
  • 0.00% East-Siberean
  • 0.00% East-South-Asian
  • 0.00% Indo-Iranian
  • 0.00% Indo-Tibetan
  • 0.00% Mesoamerican
  • 0.00% North-Siberean
  • 0.00% Pygmy
  • 0.00% Samoedic
  • 0.00% South-African
  • 0.00% South-America_Amerind

MDLP Ancient Roots K17

  • 39.45% Ancestral_East_European_ANE
  • 25.93% West_European_HG
  • 14.22% Ancestral_Mediterranean_EEF
  • 5.41% Caucasian-Basal
  • 3.69% African_Sub_Saharian
  • 2.95% Circumpolar
  • 2.56% Melano-Austronesian
  • 1.81% Ancestral_North_Indian
  • 1.55% Uralic
  • 1.08% Amerindian
  • 0.79% Ancestral_Sami-Finnic
  • 0.28% Ancestral_South_Indian
  • 0.17% Ancestral_West_Siberian
  • 0.05% Ancestral_East_Siberian
  • 0.03% Archaic_African
  • 0.03% Near-East-Basal
  • 0.01% South_East_Asian

MDLP Ancient Roots K18

  • 42.31% North_West_European
  • 18.62% East_European
  • 8.99% Mediterranean
  • 7.40% Caucasian
  • 4.67% South_Central_Asian
  • 4.36% Volga-Uralic
  • 3.52% Melano-Austronesian
  • 3.27% East_African
  • 2.72% Arctic
  • 2.05% Amerindian
  • 1.11% Archaic_African
  • 0.95% Sami-Finnic
  • 0.01% Roma
  • 0.00% Afroasiatic
  • 0.00% East_Siberian
  • 0.00% South_East_Asian
  • 0.00% South_Indian
  • 0.00% West_Siberian

MDLP K23b

  • 30.23% European_Hunters_Gatherers
  • 27.84% European_Early_Farmers
  • 21.34% Caucasian
  • 9.39% Ancestral-North-Indian
  • 3.33% Archaic-African
  • 3.07% Ancestral-North-Eurasian
  • 1.96% Subsaharian
  • 1.48% Altaiс
  • 0.65% Austroloid
  • 0.38% East-Siberian
  • 0.21% Archaic-Human
  • 0.05% Austronesian
  • 0.04% Ancestral-South-Indian
  • 0.03% Near-East
  • 0.01% Paleo-Siberian
  • 0.00% African-Pygmy
  • 0.00% Amerindian
  • 0.00% Arctic
  • 0.00% East-African
  • 0.00% Khoisan
  • 0.00% Melano-Polinesian
  • 0.00% North-African
  • 0.00% South-East-Asian
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